A lightweight module for rapid, accurate, and versatile positioning of semiconductor chips features a novel electromechanical actuator that can move objects both linearly and rotationally. The technology was developed by researchers at the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (A*STAR SIMTech) and National University of Singapore (SIMTech-NUS) Joint Lab.
Actuators are transducers — they convert electrical energy into mechanical motion or force. Electromagnetic motors can perform this task with a high-force output and highly accurate positioning, which makes them ideal for automated manufacturing systems in which objects must be picked up and moved quickly. But most actuators tend to move linearly in only one direction, or they offer a rotational motion.
“For surface-mount technology (SMT) assembly, it is important that an actuator can provide both linear and rotary motion concurrently so that assembly line can achieve high throughput and high accuracy,” explains researcher Daniel Tat Joo Teo. “For example, when picking up a chip, the actuator can rotate it to compensate for the angular misalignment based on the feedback from a camera before placing it onto the lead frame. How fast and how accurate the actuator can perform this task will determine the overall throughput and accuracy of the automated system.”
The research team designed, modeled, and developed a novel type of actuator that comprised separate translational and rotary modules and included a cylindrical Halbach magnet array. This formed a closed-loop magnetic circuit that concentrated the magnetic field within an air-core coil rotator and reduced magnetic field leakage. These features made the actuator lighter and permitted a high-speed and dynamic response. Similarly, the translational module was made of two permanent magnets facing each other, which also focused the magnetic field on the active moving coil region.
The team built a prototype of their actuator design and demonstrated a linear movement range of ten millimeters and a rotational displacement of up to 90 degrees. The device could achieve a high throughput of 9000 units-per-hour pick-and-place tasks with a linear and rotational accuracy of 20 micrometers and 0.66 degrees, respectively.
The researchers propose that their actuator could be used in the semiconductor industry for SMT assembly and sorting silicon wafers. “We hope to make the design even more compact by reducing the number of components and the size of the electromagnetic modules,” says Teo.