A "smart" video camera, called the "GI-Eye," generates digital image data that are automatically tagged with georegistration meta-data to indicate the precise position and attitude of the camera when the image was taken. This automatic georegistration streamlines the processing of the digital image data; in particular, it reduces the time needed to correlate common features in different images and enables the derivation, from the image data, of the precise three-dimensional coordinates of features in images.
The GI-Eye includes a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver, inertial sensors (an accelerometer and a fiber-optic gyroscope), and a digital video camera. The digital image data are recorded in bit-map file format and can be stored on a compact disk read-only memory (CD-ROM) or other personal-computer-compatible mass-data-storage medium for subsequent retrieval. The georegistration meta-data are saved in an Access data base, where they are cross-referenced to the image bit-map filenames to facilitate the retrieval and processing of the image data.
The GI-View software package is designed to facilitate processing of the GI-Eye digital image data and to generate three-dimensional coordinates of features of interest from the image data base (see figure). This software package runs under Windows on a desktop or laptop personal computer. GI-View provides a point-and-click user interface for selection of features from the digital images. When multiple views of the same feature are selected, GI-View automatically computes the three-dimensional coordinates of that feature. The feature coordinates are saved in an Access data base to facilitate the establishment of interfaces with other Windows application programs or with Geographic Information System (GIS) software.
The GI-Eye system has been demonstrated to provide three-dimensional coordinates from the image data to with 1- to 2-meter accuracy at distances of up to 1 km from the camera. For objects that are much closer, the positions of features relative to the location of the camera can be determined to an accuracy of a few centimeters.
The GI-Eye system has been selected by the U.S. Navy for use in an advanced technology demonstration to provide real-time target coordinates on the battlefield. The GI-Eye system is also available for generating GIS attribute databases and providing point coordinates for mapping and surveying.
This work was done by Alison Brown and Randy Silva of NAVSYS Corporation for NASA Headquarters under an SBIR contract to develop a GPS/inertial mapping system and for the Defense Advanced Research Program Agency (DARPA) to develop a precise targeting system. For further information, please contact:
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Refer to SBIR-0005.