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Satellite's Advanced Baseline Imager to Improve Weather Forecasting

The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) is the primary sensor on the next-generation GOES satellites, GOES-R, which launch in 2016. ABI will be able to view the Earth with 16 different spectral bands (compared to five on GOES), including two visible channels, four near-infrared channels, and ten infrared channels. It will provide three times more spectral information, four times the spatial resolution, and more than five times faster temporal coverage than the current system. ABI will track and monitor cloud formation, atmospheric motion, convection monitoring, land surface temperature, ocean dynamics, flow of water, fire, smoke, volcanic ash plume, aerosols, and air quality, as well as vegetation health.