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Most pathologists today use digital systems within their practices and research projects to communicate, store data, and analyze images. Whether it’s within clinical, forensic, surgical, or other branches of pathology, communication and consultation among specialists is greatly improved by the use of digital systems and enables faster diagnosis for patients.

Selecting the proper imaging equipment is one of the most important elements a pathologist needs to take into consideration when using a digital system. To produce a high quality pathology image, one must have a digital camera that can dependably and accurately reproduce what a pathologist sees in the eye piece of their microscope. Excellent color, high dynamic range and high resolution are the key elements that comprise a high quality pathology image. It is also important that pathologists can detect features in dark areas (which means the camera must have high sensitivity), that the camera doesn’t add unwanted artifacts to the image (has low noise), and can be easily connected to a computer (via a USB interface, for example).

This paper will review the fundamentals of imaging within the field of pathology and what should be taken into consideration when selecting a digital microscopy camera.

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