Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Simple Phase Shifter for a Scanning-Beam Antenna

A simple, inexpensive device has been conceived for shifting the phase of a signal in a feed line of a scanning-beam microstrip antenna in order to change the direction of the beam. Heretofore, phase shifters used for this purpose have been relatively bulky and expensive.

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
High-Capacity Nickel-Hydrogen Cells

Nickel-hydrogen electrochemical cells with capacities of 350 ampere-hours have been developed. These cells are intended primarily for use in government and commercial satellites; they have been fully qualified to satisfy performance requirements for operation in geosynchronous satellites for as long as 15...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Ka-Band Solid-State Power Amplifier Module

A compact Ka-band power amplifier has been built with GaAs field-effect transistors (FETs) and microstrip conductors on a quartz substrate. Prior to the development of this amplifier, Ka-band solid-state amplifiers with useful output power levels (of the order of 1 W or more) were...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Skutterudite Thermoelectric Unicouples for Generating Power

A report presents some results of continuing efforts to develop advanced thermoelectric devices and, more particularly, thermoelectric unicouples for generating electric power from diverse thermal sources, including automotive exhausts and other waste-heat sources. The basic principles...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Miniature Proportional Temperature Controllers

Miniature proportional + integral + derivative (PID) temperature controllers that would be implemented as hybrid microcircuits have been proposed to satisfy special requirements to minimize size and mass and to maintain g-ray-detector modules at temperatures of 10±0.5 °C. These temperature...

Briefs : Information Technology
External Data and Attribute Hyperlink Programs for Promis•e®

External Data and Attribute Hyperlink are computer programs that can be added to Promis•e®, which is a commercial software system that automates routine tasks in the design (including drawing schematic diagrams) of electrical control systems. The programs were...

Briefs : Software
Software for Parallel Computation of 3D Thermal Convection

A computer program solves the differential equations of three-dimensional (3D) thermal convection of an incompressible fluid by use of a parallel-processing, finite volume numerical scheme. The equations of conservation of momentum, and energy are integrated over macroscopic...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Software for Simulating Two-Phase Systems

Møtran (signifying "multi-phase transient") is a package of software for simulating flows in two-phase (gas/liquid) fluid systems like networks of such components as pipes, T junctions, pumps, evaporators, and condensers. The software is based on a two-fluid formulation that can accommodate unequal...

Briefs : Software
Fourth-Generation Software for SEU Testing

RBK4 is a computer program for testing electronic components for susceptibility to single-event upsets (SEUs). RBK4 controls the computer on which it is executed to communicate with both the board holding the device under test (DUT), a power supply, and other laboratory instruments including...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Software for Improved Processing of DRWP Signals

The Automated Adaptive Signal Processing (AASP) computer program extracts wind data from the outputs of Doppler-radar wind profilers (DRWPs). Unlike prior software used for this purpose, AASP does not rely on manual intervention to prevent a DRWP system from locking onto and tracking...

Briefs : Materials
Refrigerant Blends Containing Trifluoroiodomethane

Blends of refrigerant fluids have been developed as improved alternatives to conventional chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerants, which contribute to depletion of stratosphere ozone. Each blend of this type is a zeotropic or nearly azeotropic mixture of...

Briefs : Materials
Heat-Exchanger Rocket Engine

The proposed rocket engine includes a combustion chamber actively cooled by liquid oxygen: Heat from the combustion chamber vaporizes the flowing liquid oxygen, and the absorption of latent heat of vaporization contributes to cooling of the combustion-chamber wall. The resulting high-vapor-quality (mostly vapor)...

Briefs : Materials
Stable Ohmic Contacts on SiC Devices for High Temperatures

Ti3SiC2 has been proposed as a mate- rial for ohmic contacts on SiC-based electronic and microelectromechanical devices intended to operate at temperatures >600 °C and/or in corrosive environments. Although SiC is stable and devices made of SiC are capable of...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Improved Lightweight Freeze-Tolerant Tubes

Improved designs have been conceived for lightweight tubes that can withstand the large (as much as 8 or 9 volume percent) freeze/thaw expansions and contractions of typical heat-transfer fluids like water and ammonia. Intended originally for radiators for rejecting waste heat from spacecraft, these...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Mechanisms Facilitate Blowdown of Large Diesel Engines

Simple mechanisms have been devised to facilitate the blowdown of large diesel engines. As explained below, these mechanisms reduce the amount of time and effort that must be expended to test engines before operating them.

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