Photonics & Imaging

Photonics/Optics

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Large Solar-Rejection Filter

An optical filter consisting of a multilayer spectral coating on a flexible membrane has been designed to be placed in front of the 200-in. (5.08-m) Hale telescope on Mt. Palomar. The filter is intended to protect the telescope against solar radiant flux and limit solar heating of the interior of the telescope dome...

Articles : Photonics/Optics
LED-Equipped Spectrophotometers Find Their Way to the Factory Floor

Companies that manufacture products ultimately used by consumers — interior trim for cars, vinyl siding for homes, decorative stone for landscaping, interior wall paints, etc. — are often discovering that they need to use precise spectrophotometers to ensure first-time color...

Application Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Improving Lens Performance With Transmitted Wavefront Error Testing

During design and manufacturing, optical systems and lenses are toleranced and tested to ensure the smallest possible performance error. Matching most optics manufacturing companies’ capabilities, lenses are traditionally toleranced with individual surface specifications —...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Optical Magnetometer Incorporating Photonic Crystals

According to a proposal, photonic crystals would be used to greatly increase the sensitivities of optical magnetometers that are already regarded as ultrasensitive. The proposal applies, more specifically, to a state-of-the-art type of quantum coherent magnetometer that exploits the...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Raman-Suppressing Coupling for Optical Parametric Oscillator

A Raman-scattering-suppressing input/output coupling scheme has been devised for a whispering-gallery-mode optical resonator that is used as a four-wave-mixing device to effect an all-optical parametric oscillator. Raman scattering is undesired in such a device because (1) it is a...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
WGM-Resonator/Tapered-Waveguide White-Light Sensor Optics

Theoretical and experimental investigations have demonstrated the feasibility of compact white-light sensor optics consisting of unitary combinations of (1) low-profile whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) resonators and (2) tapered rod optical waveguides. These sensors are highly...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Cold Atom Source Containing Multiple Magneto-Optical Traps

An apparatus that serves as a source of a cold beam of atoms contains multiple two-dimensional (2D) magneto-optical traps (MOTs). (Cold beams of atoms are used in atomic clocks and in diverse scientific experiments and applications.) The multiple-2D-MOT design of this cold atom source...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Opto-Electronic Oscillator Using Suppressed Phase Modulation

A proposed opto-electronic oscillator (OEO) would generate a microwave signal having degrees of frequency stability and spectral purity greater than those achieved in prior OEOs. The design of this system provides for reduction of noise levels (including the level of phase noise in the...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Alternative Controller for a Fiber-Optic Switch

The figure is a simplified diagram of a relatively inexpensive controller for a DiCon VX (or equivalent) fiber-optic switch — an electromechanically actuated switch for optically connecting one or two input optical fibers to any of a number of output optical fibers. DiCon VX fiber-optic switches...

Articles : Photonics/Optics
Laser Scanning Improves Dimensional Accuracy of Automotive Gas Tanks

In the past, one of the world’s leading manufacturers of fuel tanks used coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) to inspect first articles. The geometry of the tanks is so complex, however, that it was difficult to fully inspect the surface one point at a time. Inergy Automotive...

Application Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Nanotechnology’s Role in Mid-Infrared Laser Development

Progress in developing improved semiconductor lasers with emission in the mid-IR spectral region (≈3 μm to ≈15 μm) has depended heavily on the use of nanometer-scaled structures. Mid-IR quantum cascade lasers (QCLs), for example, represent a “tour de force” of semiconductor...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Electroform/Plasma-Spray Laminates for X-Ray Optics

Electroform/ plasma-spray laminates have shown promise as lightweight, strong, low-thermal-expansion components for x-ray optics. The basic idea is to exploit both (1) the well-established art of fabrication of optical components by replication and (2) plasma spraying as a means of reinforcing...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Preventing Raman Lasing in High-Q WGM Resonators

A generic design has been conceived to suppress the Raman effect in whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) optical resonators that have high values of the resonance quality factor (Q). Although it is possible to exploit the Raman effect (even striving to maximize the Raman gain to obtain Raman lasing), the...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Procedures for Tuning a Multiresonator Photonic Filter

Two procedures have been devised for tuning a photonic filter that comprises multiple whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) disk resonators. As used here, “tuning” signifies locking the filter to a specific laser frequency and configuring the filter to obtain a desired high-order transfer...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Extended-Range Ultrarefractive 1D Photonic Crystal Prisms

A proposal has been made to exploit the special wavelength-dispersive characteristics of devices of the type described in “One-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Superprisms” (NPO-30232) NASA Tech Angle of Incidence Briefs, Vol. 29, No. 4 (April 2005), page 10a. A photonic crystal is an...

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