Topics

Health, Medicine, & Biotechnology

Briefs : Medical
Exact Dose Dispensing Closure for Semi-Solids

A novel closure technology now makes it possible to consistently squeeze an exact dose of semi-solids from a tube by means of a 180-degree rotating closure. It has potential uses in pharmaceutical transdermal and oral applications, as well as glue dispensing, semi-solid food dispensing, and paint...

Briefs : Medical
Graphite Non-Wovens as Functional Layers in Diagnostic Test Kits

The separation of serum or plasma from whole blood is of overriding importance in clinical chemistry. In particular, many diagnostic detection reactions of blood components proceed without impairment only after the red blood corpuscles have been separated off. This particularly...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Modular Electronic Air Sterilization Technology

Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) technologies are being used as infection control devices, primarily in healthcare facilities. No standard exists, but the dose of UV and the airflow are critical to ensuring all contaminated air is treated. The UVGI process is mainly influenced by the...

Briefs : Medical
Quantifying Therapeutic and Diagnostic Efficacy in 2D Microvascular Images

VESGEN is a newly automated, userinteractive program that maps and quantifies the effects of vascular therapeutics and regulators on microvascular form and function. VESGEN analyzes two-dimensional, black and white vascular images by measuring important vessel morphology...

Briefs : Medical
Microwave Sterilization and Depyrogenation System

A fully functional, microgravity-compatible microwave sterilization and depyrogenation system (MSDS) prototype was developed that is capable of producing medical-grade water (MGW) without expendable supplies, using NASA potable water that currently is available aboard the International Space...

Briefs : Medical
Reliability and Validity of a Prototype Fluid Intake Monitor

Maintaining adequate hydration is an important part of maintaining health, especially under extreme operational and environmental conditions where medical assistance might not be readily available. One approach to measuring the amount of fluid consumed is through the use of Fluid...

Briefs : Medical
A Finite-Element Model for Evaluation of Middle Ear Mechanics

In conductive hearing loss cases, 59% involve defects of the incus. For efficient restoration of hearing, the defective incus is normally removed and the mechanical link between the eardrum and inner ear is reconstructed. In cases of incus defects, the reconstruction is normally of...

Spinoff : Medical
Crew Management Processes Revitalize Patient Care

Originating Technology/NASA Contribution

In January 2009, birds struck the engines of US Airways Flight 1549 and forced an emergency landing into the Hudson River. Everyone on board survived, and the crew was lauded for remaining calm under pressure and keeping passengers safe. The...

Briefs : Medical
Computer-Assisted Laser Treatment Using Real-Time Retinal Tracking

Diabetic retinopathy resulting from long-term diabetes mellitus is one of the common diseases that leads to choroidal neovascularization (CNV), a leading cause of blindness. Among the currently available treatment methods, a laser can be used to photocoagulate the diseased areas....

Briefs : Medical
Medical Information Network Decision Support System

In order to facilitate a more rapid and systematic transfer of new medical knowledge and capabilities into mainstream clinical practice, a new Medical Information Network Decision Support (MINDS) system was developed. This system is intended to be a platform for storing and fusing medical data...

Briefs : Medical
Quantifying Therapeutic and Diagnostic Efficacy in 2D Microvascular Images

VESGEN is a newly automated, user- interactive program that maps and quantifies the effects of vascular therapeutics and regulators on microvascular form and function. VESGEN analyzes two- dimensional, black and white vascular images by measuring important vessel...

Briefs : Medical
Micro-Organ Devices

Micro-organ devices (MODs) are being developed to satisfy an emerging need for small, lightweight, reproducible, biological-experimentation apparatuses that are amenable to automated operation and that impose minimal demands for resources (principally, power and fluids). MODs are intended to overcome major disadvantages of...

Briefs : Medical
Mulifunctional Electrosurgical Instrument

The Multifunctional Electrosurgic Instrument (LESDIC) is an electrocauterizing surgical device that is comprised of a serrated chisel tip for sharp, blunt, or cutting dissection. It is also equipped with suctioning, irrigation, and coagulation features. The suction can be controlled at variable speeds...

Briefs : Medical
Sensory Feedback System for Prosthetic Hand Using Interferential Current

A new type of sensory feedback system for a myoelectrically controlled biomimetic prosthetic hand was developed. One of the characteristic features of the human neuromuscular control system is the increase in the compliance around a joint with decreasing activity of a...

Briefs : Medical
Remote Diagnostic Technology for Hearing Assessment

Individuals with hearing loss need to have ready access to hearing screenings, assessments, treatment, and consultation. This diagnostic technology facilitates early detection and intervention of hearing loss. It allows for improved monitoring and expands service scope, reach, and access. By...

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