Topics

Health, Medicine, & Biotechnology

Features : Electronics & Computers
Robotic Exoskeleton Vastly Improves Quality of Life

Worldwide an estimated 185 million people use a wheelchair daily. A company based in Auckland, New Zealand, has developed an innovative robotic technology that helps people with mobility...

Briefs : Materials
Sterilization of Bioresorbable Polymers

Bioresorbable polymers for medical devices encompass a broad class of materials with two of the more common materials being poly(L-lactic acid) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid). Some terminal sterilization processes may result in changes in materials properties, thereby significantly impacting the...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Laser Marking for ID and Traceability Within the Medical Industry

The use of lasers to mark surgical instruments has become of greater significance, however, the parameters used in these applications are not always fully appreciated. The medical industry, in particular, has utilized laser technology primarily to mark, weld, and cut medical...

Briefs : Medical
FRET-Aptamer Assays for Bone Marker Assessment, C-Telopeptide, Creatinine, and Vitamin D

Astronauts lose 1.0 to 1.5% of their bone mass per month on long-duration spaceflights. NASA wishes to monitor the bone loss onboard spacecraft to develop nutritional and exercise countermeasures, and make adjustments during long space missions. On Earth,...

Briefs : Medical
Medicine Delivery Device With Integrated Sterilization and Detection

Sterile delivery devices can be created by integrating a medicine delivery instrument with surfaces that are coated with germicidal and anti-fouling material. This requires that a large-surface- area template be developed within a constrained volume to ensure good contact...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Wireless Body Area Networks for Health Monitoring

Faculty in the departments of electrical and computer engineering are leading research in mHealth at The University of Alabama in Huntsville. mHealth capitalizes on what Dr. Emil Jovanov, associate dean for graduate education and research in the College of Engineering, calls “major...

Briefs : Imaging
Visual Image Sensor Organ Replacement

This innovation is a system that augments human vision through a technique called “Sensing Super-position” using a Visual Instrument Sensory Organ Replacement (VISOR) device. The VISOR device translates visual and other sensors (i.e., thermal) into sounds to enable very difficult sensing tasks.

Briefs : Medical
Humanlike Articulated Robotic Headform for Respirator Fit Testing

The testing of individual respiratory protection (IRP) devices is now accomplished with panels of human wearers. Historical attempts to simulate the human face and head have been unsuccessful for a variety of reasons that include imprecision in reproduction of facial dimensions...

Briefs : Materials
100 Percent Solids: Superior Adhesive Technology for the Medical Industry

In the medical industry, adhesives play a crucial role in applications ranging from diagnostics and device assembly to transdermal and wound care. There are varying methods by which an adhesive can be coated onto a substrate, but solvent coating has dominated in the...

Briefs : Medical
Integrating Force Sensors into Robotic Surgery

Due to advances in electronics and technology, robotic surgery has become increasingly popular. Surgeons no longer have to operate directly on a patient, but instead can control a robot to carry...

Briefs : Medical
Addressing Compliance Mandates with Product Lifecycle Management

Regulations from the FDA impact every step of the medical device lifecycle from properly classifying a device and developing a regulatory strategy, to preparing FDA submissions. So, just how are successful medical device manufacturers cost effectively achieving compliance while, at...

Briefs : Materials
Improving Single-Patient-Use Model with Disposable Blood Pressure Cuff

Each year, hospital-acquired infections cost hospitals approximately $5 billion in the United States, according to a report in the American Journal of Infection Control. Reducing infection spread helps hospitals avoid these costs and improve patient safety. To help reduce...

Briefs : Medical
Automating a Bottling Plant for Reaction Vessels

Tasked with the design and build of a fully automated in vitro diagnostics (IVD) bottling plant, an engineering firm specializing in the development of analytical medical equipment found itself presented with a unique challenge.

Briefs : Medical
Intravenous Fluid Generation System

The ability to stabilize and treat patients on exploration missions will depend on access to needed consumables. Intravenous (IV) fluids have been identified as required consumables. A review of the Space Medicine Exploration Medical Condition List (SMEMCL) lists over 400 medical conditions that could present...

Briefs : Medical
The Next Generation of Cold Immersion Dry Suit Design Evolution for Hypothermia Prevention

A body at sea is vulnerable to hypothermia, which often leads to loss of life. Hypothermia is caused by the differences between the core body temperature and the surrounding air and seawater temperatures. The greater the differences between the body core...