Special Coverage

Converting from Hydraulic Cylinders to Electric Actuators
Automating Optimization and Design Tasks Across Disciplines
Vibration Tables Shake Up Aerospace and Car Testing
Supercomputer Cooling System Uses Refrigerant to Replace Water
Computer Chips Calculate and Store in an Integrated Unit
Electron-to-Photon Communication for Quantum Computing
Mechanoresponsive Healing Polymers
Variable Permeability Magnetometer Systems and Methods for Aerospace Applications
Evaluation Standard for Robotic Research

Q&A: Photonics Breakthrough 'Tunes' Wireless Communications

A chip-scale optical device, developed by a team from the University of Sydney’s Australian Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, achieves radio frequency signal control at sub-nanosecond time scales. The photonics breakthrough has the potential to provide broader bandwidth instantaneously to more users.

Posted in: News, Communications, Optical Components, Optics, Photonics

A Novel Orbiting Cloud Imager System for IR/UV/ X-Ray Bands

Applications include telecommunications involving satellite links, agile military communication, reconnaissance, and surveillance of ground assets from orbit.

Typically, the cost of a spaceborne imaging system is driven by the size and mass of the primary aperture. Innovative solutions for imagers that are less complex and are lightweight are very desirable. Currently, telescopes such as JWST and ATLAST are very expensive and very complex.

Posted in: Briefs, Photonics, Downsizing, Optics, Lightweighting, Satellites

Point Mechanic Piezoelectric Sensor System

This passive, low-cost system detects extremely small vibrations.

Posted in: Briefs, Sensors, Measurements, Architecture, Sensors and actuators, Vibration, Reliability

Products of Tomorrow: April 2017

This column presents technologies that have applications in commercial areas, possibly creating the products of tomorrow. To learn more about each technology, see the contact information provided for that innovation.

Posted in: Articles, Products, Manufacturing & Prototyping

High-Throughput Multiphysics and Multiscale Simulations in COMSOL®

If you want to learn about high-throughput multiphysics and multiscale simulations, then tune into this webinar with guest speaker Ed Furlani from the University at Buffalo.

Posted in: Upcoming Webinars, Software

DO-254 Benefits Versus Costs

DO-254, the design assurance guideline for airborne electronic hardware, is considered by many to be a simple cut/paste of DO-178, its avionics software sibling. Surely, as with wine and beer, both are fermented liquids which become increasingly expensive with increased complexity. While similarities abound, so do their many differences. And truly, DO-254 is the benefactor, or bane, of avionics projects the world over. But is DO-254 really unduly expensive? Does it add value? Will it improve safety and reliability? Does it have benefits? What are the true costs versus benefits? These important questions are answered herein.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Aerospace, Software

Overcoming RF Signal Generation Challenges with New DAC Technologies

This features our new AWG5200, with high signal fidelity and the ability to scale up to 32 or more channels with multi-unit synchronization, all at an affordable price.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Aerospace, Electronics & Computers, RF & Microwave Electronics

Advancing Bioabsorbable Scaffolds with Polymer Technology

In this White Paper, you will find information on:

Bioabsorbable scaffolds and the next revolution in endovascular therapy Advances in polymer technology to treat coronary artery disease Challenges to creating bioresorbable stents
Posted in: White Papers, Materials, Medical

New Products: May 2017 Photonics & Imaging Insider

High Efficiency Double Spot Beam Splitter

LASER COMPONENTS (Bedford, NH) has introduced the HEDS (High Efficiency Double Spot) beam splitter. Double spot beam splitters are diffractive optical elements (DOE) used for separating an incoming laser beam into two identical beams. They are most commonly used in lithography as well as high power applications such as cutting and perforation. Until now, a small portion of light was lost in higher diffraction orders. Some applications cannot tolerate even a 1% loss, so this DOE boasts an efficiency well above the standard value of 81%. HEDS is available in wavelengths between 193 nm and 10.6 µm.

Click here to learn more.

Scanning Electron Microscope

JEOL USA (Peabody, MA) has introduced a new Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) that combines the performance of a Field Emission SEM with the simplicity of the JEOL InTouchScope™ SEM series. The new JSM-IT300HR features a rugged in-chamber specimen stage and large chamber to accommodate a wide variety of samples of different shapes, sizes, and weights. The specimen chamber’s twelve geometrically-optimized analytical ports allow for multiple detectors, creating a virtual nano-lab inside the SEM. Low vacuum capability is a standard feature and allows for imaging and analysis of all types of samples in their native state.

Click here to learn more.

Optical Transmitter

The Micro ATx high-fidelity optical transmitter from APIC Corporation (Culver City, CA) combines an ultra-low-RIN (-168 dB/Hz) continuous wavelength (CW) laser (1530-1565 nm), a low Vπ amplitude modulator, a low noise amplifier, power conditioning and control electronics into a small yet rugged package (14 x 5 x 2 cm). When used in combination with APIC’s highly linear 20 GHz analog receiver, the resultant link performance, with a selectable low noise amplifier (LNA), has a gain greater than 8 dB; a noise figure (NF) lower than 8 dB; an SFDR ~ 111 dBHz2/3; and an RF bandwidth from DC through 20 GHz.

Click here to learn more.

20 GHz Realtime Spectrum Analyzer

Saelig Company, Inc. (Fairport, NY) has introduced the Spectran HF-80200 V5 RSA rack-mounted real-time 9kHz-20GHz Spectrum Analyzer that can capture even intermittent signal transmissions. The Spectran HF-80200 V5 RSA scans from 9kHz to 20GHz in less than 20mS, so that even erratic transmissions or interference can be captured. The HF-80200 V5 is controllable through a USB interface or LAN/Ethernet, allowing continuous logging and streaming of almost any frequency range, and direct access to the analyzer through an Internet-connected PC. It offers AM and FM demodulation. All V5 rackmount spectrum analyzers are housed in a durable aluminum case and feature a built-in 20dB preamplifier.

Click here to learn more.

Line Scan Cameras

Teledyne e2v (Chelmsford, UK) has developed OctoPlus, a new range of line scan cameras for Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) applications. OctoPlus is based on new image sensor pixel architecture and is specifically tuned to provide the most accurate images of the retina and cornea; mapping tissue structure, measuring thickness and visualizing blood flow dynamics for diagnostics. Specific advantages of OctoPlus include a 250 percent larger field of view compared to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved commercial Swept Source OCT (SS-OCT) and a +5dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in comparison with equipment currently available in Spectral-Domain OCT (SD-OCT).

Click here to learn more.

Red to Near-IR Enhanced Photodiode

Opto Diode Corporation (Camarillo, CA) has introduced the NXIR-5C, a red to near-infrared (NIR) enhanced photodiode with a circular active area of 5 mm2. With a spectral response from 320 nm to 1100 nm, the rugged photodiode is housed in a custom 4.7 mm x 4.9 mm ceramic carrier surface-mount device (SMD) package. The NXIR-5C provides superior responsivity with low reverse bias and high sensitivity at 0.62 A/W @ 850 nm and 0.35 A/W at 1064 nm. It has low dark current at 1nA, low capacitance of 5 pico-farads (pF) at 10 volts, and high shunt resistance greater than 100 MΩ.

Click here to learn more.

E-Arm Focus Mount with LED Ring Light

Aven’s (Ann Arbor, MI) E-Arm Focus Mount with Integrated LED Ring Light and independent brightness Controller provides ease of use for inspection purposes. An eco-friendly 60 LED ring light provides even, shadow-free illumination, and a variable light control adds flexibility. These energy-efficient LEDs provide a minimum of 20,000 hours of high-output illumination. The adjustable tilt of the E-arm permits a variety of inspection angles. The E-Arm Focus Mount is compatible with all Aven Binocular and Trinocular Stereo Zoom Microscopes, Boom and Articulating Arm Stands.

Click here to learn more.

Programmable Light Source

The RS-7-4 SpectralLED™ is a new digitally programmable, color tunable, calibrated light source from Gamma Scientific (San Diego, CA) that bolts directly on to existing image sensor testers from manufacturers such as Teradyne and National Instruments, and can be readily adapted to test head manipulators and handler instrumentation custom built by end users. The LED-based RS 7 4 offers a longer calibrated, stable lifetime than tungsten sources. Plus, the color temperature and spectral power distribution of the RS-7-4 can be rapidly varied through software control, and the output is extremely linear over its entire output range.

Click here to learn more.

Posted in: Products, Photonics

Coming to a Lab Bench Near You: Femtosecond X-Ray Spectroscopy

Upon light activation (in purple, bottom row’s ball-and-stick diagram), the cyclic structure of the 1,3-cyclohexadiene molecule rapidly unravels into a near-linear shape in just 200 femtoseconds. Using ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy, researchers have captured in real time the accompanying transformation of the molecule’s outer electron “clouds” (in yellow and teal, top row’s sphere diagram) as the structure unfurls. (Credit: Kristina Chang/Berkeley Lab)

The ephemeral electron movements in a transient state of a reaction important in biochemical and optoelectronic processes have been captured and, for the first time, directly characterized using ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). Like many rearrangements of molecular structures, the ring-opening reactions in this study occur on timescales of hundreds of femtoseconds (1 femtosecond equals a millionth of a billionth of a second). The researchers were able to collect snapshots of the electronic structure during the reaction by using femtosecond pulses of X-ray light on a tabletop apparatus.

Posted in: News, Lasers & Laser Systems, Optics, Photonics, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement

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