Special Coverage


Oxygen Containers Transport Tank Assembly to ISS

Oxygen shipping containers Americase Waxahachie, TX 800-972-2737 www.americase.biz Americase designed, developed, and completed the first HM224B/DOT31FP shipping containers for the NORS (Nitrogen Oxygen Recharge System) program, a part of NASA’s Orbital Replacement Unit Project. Working in concert with The Boeing Company in Huntsville, AL, Americase created containers that will resupply the International Space Station with nitrogen and oxygen.

Posted in: Application Briefs


Laser Spider Web Sensor Used With Portable Handheld Devices

This device can be used for monitoring of greenhouse gases and tailpipe emissions, and for breath analysis. A powerful tool in understanding the role that greenhouse gasses play in climate change would be real-time data from laser chemical sensors providing concentrations and locations of key gasses. The adoption and widespread use of smart mobile phones is an ideal platform on which to create an international web of data collection devices. Because long path lengths often mean more space, many precision instruments are too large to be useful anywhere outside of a lab or test bench environment. A more compact method of achieving long path lengths is needed to advance the field of trace chemical detection.

Posted in: Physical Sciences, Sensors, Briefs


Adaptive Periodic-Correlation Algorithm for Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensing

Conventional Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensing requires a point source such as a star to perform wavefront sensing. This software allows one to conduct such sensing using an extended-scene or scene-based image. The software allows a Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor (SH-WFS) to be used with an extended scene. It estimates the shift between the positions of a reference and test extended-scene sub-images or cells.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Sensors, Briefs


Self-Aligning Lug for Adapting Carbon Fiber Rods to a Bolted Metallic Connection

Joint strength is controlled through precise bond line control. Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California The enormous strength of unidirectional carbon fiber composite rods is difficult to take advantage of at their ends because of inadequate joining technology. Bolting does not work with unidirectional composites, and bonding is difficult due to stiffness mismatches between the metallic and composite connections. Ideally, a thick bond is desired so that the relatively softer adhesive can shear and distribute shear stresses instead of peaking at the ends of the bond. Thick bonds are difficult to obtain and repeatedly control with conventional methods of beads, bonding wire, shim, or tooling. Most of these methods control the minimum thickness of the bond, but do not control the maximum thickness. In addition, traditional joint types such as lap, strap, and scarf are not ideal for this application.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs


Growth Method for Chalcongenide Phase-Change Nanostructures

Nanometer-scale materials can provide smaller devices than those currently available. Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California Recently, one-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures such as nanowires and nanotubes have become the focal point of research in nanotechnology due to their fascinating properties. These properties are intrinsically associated with low dimensionality and small diameters, which may lead to unique applications in various nanoscale devices. It is generally accepted that 1-D nanostructures provide an excellent test ground for understanding the dependence of physical, electrical, thermal, optical, and mechanical properties on material dimensionality and physical size. In particular, 1-D semiconductor nanostructures, which exhibit different properties as compared with their bulk or thin film counterparts, have shown great potential in future nanoelectronics applications in data storage, computing, and sensing devices.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs


Dual-Channel Electromechanical Shutter Driver (ESD)

This device controls the electromechanical shutter in a digital or photographic camera. This electronic device is designed to provide optimal control of an electromagnetically actuated shutter used on a digital or photographic camera. The SD36B1 Electromechanical Shutter Driver is designed to provide the drive pulses for opening and closing an electromagnetically actuated shutter. Electromechanical shutters are used when the exposure period for an electronic camera needs to be controlled outside of the range of electronic shuttering capabilities offered by the camera itself.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Briefs


Sub-Nanosecond, Compact, Low-Power Time-Interval Measurement

This innovation is a sub-nanosecond time-interval measurement that is compact and inexpensive, implemented in a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). Currently, high-speed count ers or semi-custom or custom ASICs (application specific integrated circuits) are used for time-interval measurements. They are not nearly as powerful for automatic delay control for the environment (manufacturing, temperature, voltage, aging, and radiation).

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Semiconductors & ICs, Briefs