UpFront

Editor's Choice: July 2015

NASA has developed a food bar for astronauts that replaces breakfast or lunch, and is nutritionally balanced, has a shelf life of at least two years, and can be rehydrated before eating, if necessary. The bars replace multiple food items that are usually combined to form a meal. Emergency relief organizations, food banks, and the military could all use the bars. Find out more HERE.

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NASA Releases Global Climate Change Projections

NASA has released data showing how temperature and rainfall patterns worldwide may change through the year 2100 because of growing concentrations of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere. The data shows projected changes worldwide on a regional level in response to different scenarios of increasing carbon dioxide simulated by 21 climate models.

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RoboSimian Drives, Walks, and Drills

The ape-like RoboSimian robot, developed at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, took fifth place in the DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Finals. RoboSimian squared off against 22 other robots in the international robotics competition, which promoted the development of robots that could respond to disaster scenarios too dangerous for humans.

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Editor's Choice: June 2015

A new technique verifies and identifies a person based on features drawn from electrocardiographic (ECG) leads. It can identify a person from a group of known subjects, or verify a person to allow access to a secure facility or access to Internet control of computers, airplanes, weapons, and alarms. It uses the ECG signals generated by the heart during contraction and relaxation that are characteristic to an individual. The method can be used by homeland security personnel and law enforcement, and in airports and other high-security locations. Find out more HERE.

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Robonaut 2 Wins 2014 Government Invention of the Year

Robonaut 2, NASA’s first humanoid robot in space, was selected as the NASA Government Invention of the Year for 2014. The NASA selection committee evaluated the robot in the following areas: aerospace significance, industry significance, humanitarian significance, technology readiness level, NASA use, industry use, and creativity.

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Meanwhile on the Space Station…

NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko have begun a one-year mission in space. The mission will help researchers better understand how the human body reacts and adapts to long-duration spaceflight. While on the ISS, Kelly’s identical twin brother, retired NASA astronaut Mark Kelly, will undergo comparative genetic studies. Differences, or lack thereof, between the Kelly brothers after Scott’s year in space and Mark’s year on Earth could shed new light on the effects of spaceflight on the human body.

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Editor's Choice: May 2015 - NASA Tech Briefs

A MEMS micro-translation stage features large linear travel capability, and can translate across long distances using just three-phase power. Essentially a linear motor built from a silicon base using microfabrication techniques, the device can be as small as 100 mm and can house lenses, mirrors, absorbers, and sampling compartments for applications in optics, communications, sensors, and biotechnology. Find out more here.

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