Mechanical & Fluid Systems

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on mechanical and fluid systems, from engineering experts at NASA and government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
The algorithm speeds up the planning process robots use to adjust their grip on objects for picking and sorting or tool use.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
A production-based X-ray solution performs product quality evaluation directly on the manufacturing line.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
The soft material demonstrates autonomous, heartbeat-like oscillating properties.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Terrestrial uses include physical therapy, clinical diagnosis, athletic training and performance, and robust exercise equipment.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
This wearable device is placed on the skin to measure a variety of body responses, from electrical to biomechanical signals.
Briefs: Photonics/Optics
The size and shape of the nanostructure can be controlled as it is assembled piece by piece.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
These tiny aerial robots can operate in cramped spaces and withstand collisions.
Briefs: Medical
This could make possible embedded devices like a spinal cord-stimulating unit with a battery-powered magnetic transmitter on a wearable belt.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Injection of air at the trailing edge of a winglet further reduces drag.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
A catalytic reaction causes a two-dimensional, chemically coated sheet to spontaneously morph into a three-dimensional gear.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
The machines fold themselves within 100 milliseconds and can flatten and refold thousands of times.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
The walking quadruped is controlled and powered by pressurized air.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Researchers have developed a millimeter-thick accelerometer.
Briefs: Motion Control
New high bus voltage stepper motor systems avoid the complexity and expense of servo motors.
Briefs: Test & Measurement
The device uses load frames to test bonded structures in aerospace, automotive, defense, and energy storage applications.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Applications include portable aerospace structures and terrestrial structures such as cleanrooms and field hospitals.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
This work could lead to much more robust devices that continue to operate in spite of damage.
Briefs: Energy

Due to the chemical stability and durability of industrial polymers, plastic waste does not easily degrade in landfills and is often burned, which produces carbon dioxide and other hazardous gases. In...

Briefs: Nanotechnology
The technology could boost quantum computers and other superconducting electronics.
Briefs: Aerospace

NASA Marshall Space Flight Center developed designs for two micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) motion and position sensors: a single-axis accelerometer and a gyroscope....

Briefs: Materials
The paper-like material could be useful in soft robots, sensors, artificial muscles, and electric generators.
Briefs: Motion Control
The new hinge is the key to get loadbearing, large quadrotors to climb a few dozen feet in seconds.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
The sensors could be used in medical applications such as neuroscience and metabolism processes.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Potential applications include parachutes, hot air balloons, weather balloons, blimps, sails, and parasails.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
The structures’ small size and porosity make them well-suited for building components such as replacement joints.
Briefs: Wearables
A flexible, free-standing THz sensor array images blind ends of irregularly shaped objects.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
A prototype version could be demonstrated on a large cargo lunar lander.
Briefs: Energy
Shape and environment can cause materials to move without motors or hands.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
These actuators can compete with electrical and pneumatic systems.

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