Mechanical & Fluid Systems

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on mechanical and fluid systems, from engineering experts at NASA and government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Lightweight Crane Technology for the Moon
A prototype version could be demonstrated on a large cargo lunar lander.
Briefs: Motion Control
Materials Capable of Self-Propulsion
Shape and environment can cause materials to move without motors or hands.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
High-Torque Light-Powered Actuator
These actuators can compete with electrical and pneumatic systems.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Laser-Light-Based Accelerometer
The tiny device accurately measures acceleration in smaller navigation systems and other devices.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Building Big Data from Little Data
Edge computing, focused applications, and open connectivity let designers start with little data on their digital transformation journey.
The sensor monitors the oil circulation ratio in real time for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration systems.
Sensors need to be flexible, stretchable, biodegradable, safe, and stable for use in the body.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Prototype Fuel Gauge for Orbit
The technology could continuously monitor fluid flow in pipes on the International Space Station and prevent satellites from colliding.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Advanced Supercritical Water Oxidation Reactor
This technology has potential across many industries including water reclamation and treatment, and waste destruction in liquid waste streams.

Researchers have demonstrated that they can attract, capture, and destroy perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), a group of federally regulated substances nicknamed “the forever...

A stretchable system can harvest energy from human breathing and motion.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
3D-Printed Composites for High-Temperature Uses
The polyimide composites have uses in aerospace, automotive, construction, electronics, mechanical systems, and industrial machinery.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Locking Side Pull Hoist Ring
The integrated tool eliminates the need for manual operators or additional custom fixtures.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
New Capabilities for Grasp-Assisting Gloves
Applications include aiding patients with impaired hand muscle strength and in manufacturing for operating tools for extended periods of time.
Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Kodiak 3D LiDAR
This system provides low-cost, reliable 3D LiDAR images in nearly any lighting condition.
A technique enables manufacturing of minuscule robots by interlocking multiple materials in a complex way.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Biocontainment Unit for Virus-Sized Particles
The unit could help healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Liquid Sorbent Carbon Dioxide Removal System
Applications include aerospace, automotive, commercial spaceflight, scuba diving equipment, and for first responders.
This system provides low-cost monitoring for machine health with audio-based artificial intelligence.
The system uses off-the-shelf materials combined with ultraviolet lights to decontaminate N95 masks.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Human-Like Hands with Flexible, Hybrid Pneumatic Actuators
These hands, with a large grasping force, enable safer human-robot interactions.
Briefs: Motion Control
Compact, Long-Reach Robotic Arm
Applications include retractable covers and awnings, camera booms, and spacecraft and astronaut positioning.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
16-Atom Molecular Motor
The tiny motor can be powered by both thermal and electrical energy.
This can be used in energy-recovery systems in industrial, space, automotive, and military applications.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Multirotor Aircraft Noise Reduction
NASA's phase-locked rotors reduce noise.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Glove-Like Device Mimics Sense of Touch
The soft, wearable device simulates the sense of touch and has wide potential in medical and industrial applications.
Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Nanoscale Thermal Switches
These switches are key to thermal management of nanoscale devices, refrigeration, data storage, thermal computing, and heat management of buildings.

Researchers developed a wearable technology that can hide its wearer from heat-detecting sensors such as night vision goggles, even when the ambient temperature changes. The technology...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
SpaceCube 2.0 Flight Card Mechanical System
Applications include mechanical aerospace manufacturing and thermal structure manufacturing.

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