Mechanical & Fluid Systems

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on mechanical and fluid systems, from engineering experts at NASA and government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Briefs: Nanotechnology
Researchers have developed a millimeter-thick accelerometer.
Briefs: Motion Control
New high bus voltage stepper motor systems avoid the complexity and expense of servo motors.
Briefs: Materials
The device uses load frames to test bonded structures in aerospace, automotive, defense, and energy storage applications.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Applications include portable aerospace structures and terrestrial structures such as cleanrooms and field hospitals.
Briefs: Motion Control
This work could lead to much more robust devices that continue to operate in spite of damage.
Briefs: Materials

Due to the chemical stability and durability of industrial polymers, plastic waste does not easily degrade in landfills and is often burned, which produces carbon dioxide and other hazardous gases. In...

Briefs: Nanotechnology
The technology could boost quantum computers and other superconducting electronics.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems

NASA Marshall Space Flight Center developed designs for two micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) motion and position sensors: a single-axis accelerometer and a gyroscope....

Briefs: Materials
The paper-like material could be useful in soft robots, sensors, artificial muscles, and electric generators.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
The new hinge is the key to get loadbearing, large quadrotors to climb a few dozen feet in seconds.
Briefs: Test & Measurement
The sensors could be used in medical applications such as neuroscience and metabolism processes.
Briefs: Motion Control
Potential applications include parachutes, hot air balloons, weather balloons, blimps, sails, and parasails.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
The structures’ small size and porosity make them well-suited for building components such as replacement joints.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
A flexible, free-standing THz sensor array images blind ends of irregularly shaped objects.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
A prototype version could be demonstrated on a large cargo lunar lander.
Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Shape and environment can cause materials to move without motors or hands.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
These actuators can compete with electrical and pneumatic systems.
Briefs: Photonics/Optics
The tiny device accurately measures acceleration in smaller navigation systems and other devices.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Edge computing, focused applications, and open connectivity let designers start with little data on their digital transformation journey.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
The sensor monitors the oil circulation ratio in real time for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration systems.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensors need to be flexible, stretchable, biodegradable, safe, and stable for use in the body.
Briefs: Test & Measurement
The technology could continuously monitor fluid flow in pipes on the International Space Station and prevent satellites from colliding.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
This technology has potential across many industries including water reclamation and treatment, and waste destruction in liquid waste streams.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems

Researchers have demonstrated that they can attract, capture, and destroy perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), a group of federally regulated substances nicknamed “the forever...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
A stretchable system can harvest energy from human breathing and motion.
Briefs: Aerospace
The polyimide composites have uses in aerospace, automotive, construction, electronics, mechanical systems, and industrial machinery.
Briefs: Motion Control
The integrated tool eliminates the need for manual operators or additional custom fixtures.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Applications include aiding patients with impaired hand muscle strength and in manufacturing for operating tools for extended periods of time.
Briefs: Photonics/Optics
This system provides low-cost, reliable 3D LiDAR images in nearly any lighting condition.

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