Spinoff: Industrial Productivity & Manufacturing Technology
Camera Systems Rapidly Scan Large Structures
Camera Systems Rapidly Scan Large Structures

NASA Technology

Aging aircraft are an increasing concern at the national level. Commercial and government vehicles are being flown past their originally intended service life in order...

Camera Systems Rapidly Scan Large Structures
Spinoff: Industrial Productivity & Manufacturing Technology
Terahertz Lasers Reveal Information for 3D Images
Terahertz Lasers Reveal Information for 3D Images

NASA Technology

After taking off her shoes and jacket, she places them in a bin. She then takes her laptop out of its case and places it in a separate bin. As the items move...

Terahertz Lasers Reveal Information for 3D Images
Spinoff: Industrial Productivity & Manufacturing Technology
Thin Films Protect Electronics from Heat and Radiation
Thin Films Protect Electronics from Heat and Radiation

NASA Technology

Back in 1972, Anne St. Clair worked side by side with Langley Research Center colleague Vernon Bell as part of NASA’s research and development efforts to...

Thin Films Protect Electronics from Heat and Radiation
Spinoff: Industrial Productivity & Manufacturing Technology
Interferometers Sharpen Measurements for Better Telescopes
Interferometers Sharpen Measurements for Better Telescopes

NASA Technology

Over the last decade, there have been a number of innovations that have made possible the largest and most powerful telescope of its time: the James Webb...

Interferometers Sharpen Measurements for Better Telescopes
Spinoff: Industrial Productivity & Manufacturing Technology
Vision Systems Illuminate Industrial Processes

NASA Technology

When NASA designs a spacecraft to undertake a new mission, innovation does not stop after the design phase. In many cases, these spacecraft are firsts of their kind, requiring not only remarkable imagination and expertise in their conception but new technologies and methods...

Spinoff: Issues
Spinoff 2010

Health and Medicine

Burnishing Techniques Strengthen Hip Implants Signal Processing Methods Monitor Cranial Pressure Ultraviolet-Blocking Lenses Protect, Enhance Vision Hyperspectral Systems Increase Imaging Capabilities

Transportation

Programs Model the Future of Air Traffic Management Tail Rotor Airfoils...
Spinoff: Health and Medicine
Bioreactors Drive Advances in Tissue Engineering

It was an unlikely moment for inspiration. Engineers David Wolf and Ray Schwarz stopped by their lab around midday. Wolf, of Johnson Space Center, and Schwarz, with NASA contractor Krug Life Sciences (now Wyle Laboratories Inc.), were part of a team tasked with developing a unique technology...

Spinoff: Health and Medicine
Tooling Techniques Enhance Medical Imaging

They can release as much energy as tens of billions of hydrogen bombs exploding at the same time. They send protons and electrons rocketing at near the speed of light. They heat gas in the Sun’s atmosphere to tens of millions of degrees Celsius. They send a blast of gas and particles toward...

Spinoff: Health and Medicine
Ventilator Technologies Sustain Critically Injured Patients

Consider this scenario: A soldier has been critically wounded in a sudden firefight in a remote region of Afghanistan. The soldier’s comrades attend to him and radio for help, but the soldier needs immediate medical expertise and treatment that is currently miles away.

Spinoff: Health and Medicine
Protein Innovations Advance Drug Treatments, Skin Care

Dan Carter carefully layered the sheets of tracing paper on the light box. On each sheet were renderings of the atomic components of an essential human protein, one whose structure had long been a mystery. With each layer Carter laid down, a never-before-seen image became clearer.

Spinoff: Health and Medicine
Mass Analyzers Facilitate Research on Addiction

The famous “go/no go” command for Space Shuttle launches comes from a place called the Firing Room. Located at Kennedy Space Center in the Launch Control Center (LCC), there are actually four Firing Rooms that take up most of the third floor of the LCC. These rooms comprise the nerve...

Spinoff: Health and Medicine
Frameworks Coordinate Scientific Data Management

Voyager 2 sailing beyond the far boundary of the solar system. The rover Opportunity churning across the red soil of Mars. Cassini-Huygens imaging the moons of Saturn. Capable of journeying well beyond the reach of human explorers, NASA’s robotic missions have probed the distant reaches...

Spinoff: Transportation
Cameras Improve Navigation for Pilots, Drivers

After 10 months of traveling through deep space to Mars, the Phoenix Lander finally approached its destination. The last 7 minutes of the spacecraft’s 423 million-mile-journey—the entry, descent, and landing (EDL) phase—were the most critical and also the most difficult. In the history...

Spinoff: Transportation
Integrated Design Tools Reduce Risk, Cost

As NASA designs new spacecraft for its science missions and begins designs for the next generation of human spaceflight vehicles, it also works to revolutionize Earth’s airspace with safer, more efficient air vehicles. Throughout its research and development activities, NASA employs the best...

Spinoff: Transportation
Advisory Systems Save Time, Fuel for Airlines

Heinz Erzberger never thought the sky was falling, but he knew it could benefit from enhanced traffic control. Throughout the 1990s, Erzberger led a team at Ames Research Center to develop a suite of automated tools to reduce restrictions and improve the efficiency of air traffic control...

Spinoff: Transportation
Modeling Programs Increase Aircraft Design Safety

“Flutter” may sound like a benign word when associated with a flag in a breeze, a butterfly, or seaweed in an ocean current. When used in the context of aerodynamics, however, it describes a highly dangerous, potentially deadly condition.

Spinoff: Transportation
Fly-by-Wire Systems Enable Safer, More Efficient Flight

In 1961, not long after NASA received the imperative from President John F. Kennedy to land a man on the Moon within the decade, then-NASA administrator James Webb posed a question to Charles Stark “Doc” Draper, head of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)...

Spinoff: Public Safety
Modified Fittings Enhance Industrial Safety

Kennedy Space Center is not only home to one of the largest buildings in the world—the massive Vehicle Assembly Building—it also hosts a number of one-of-a-kind facilities. The more than 30-mile-long campus has witnessed every launch from the Space Shuttle Launch Pad, as well as many...

Spinoff: Public Safety
Simulation Tools Model Icing for Aircraft Design

Here’s a simple science experiment to try: Place an unopened bottle of distilled water in your freezer. After 2–3 hours, if the water is pure enough, you will notice that it has not frozen. Carefully pour the water into a bowl with a piece of ice in it. When it strikes the ice, the...

Spinoff: Public Safety
Information Systems Coordinate Emergency Management

The rescue crews have been searching for the woman for nearly a week. Hurricane Katrina devastated Hancock County, the southernmost point in Mississippi, and the woman had stayed through the storm in her beach house. There is little hope of finding her alive; the search teams know she is...

Spinoff: Public Safety
Imaging Systems Provide Maps for U.S. Soldiers

Spanning nearly four decades, the remarkable Landsat program has continuously provided data about the Earth’s surface, including detailed maps of vegetation, land use, forest extent and health, surface water, population distribution, as well as how these features have changed over time....

Spinoff: Public Safety
High-Pressure Systems Suppress Fires in Seconds

Much deserved attention is given to the feats of innovation that allow humans to live in space and robotic explorers to beam never-before- seen images back to Earth. In the background of these accomplishments is a technology that makes it all possible—the rockets that propel NASA’s space...

Spinoff: Public Safety
Alloy-Enhanced Fans Maintain Fresh Air in Tunnels

NASA Technology

The Partnership for Next Generation Vehicles (PNGV) is not a NASA initiative to develop powerful new rockets and spacecraft, even though it may sound like one. PNGV was a partnership established by the Clinton administration between the Federal government and the U.S....

Spinoff: Consumer, Home, and Recreation
Control Algorithms Charge Batteries Faster
Control Algorithms Charge Batteries Faster

NASA Technology

On March 29, 2011, NASA’s Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft beamed a milestone image to Earth: the first photo of...

Control Algorithms Charge Batteries Faster
Spinoff: Consumer, Home, and Recreation
Software Programs Derive Measurements from Photographs

Even under the most unfortunate circumstances, NASA continues on a path of innovation. After the Space Shuttle Columbia reentered the atmosphere on February 1, 2003, it experienced a catastrophic failure, and the entire crew and vehicle were lost. For the two weeks prior to the...

Spinoff: Consumer, Home, and Recreation
Retrofits Convert Gas Vehicles into Hybrids

Successful space missions can rarely be attributed to a single thing. Rather, they are the result of a system of systems: integrated elements functioning effectively in their individual roles and together with related components, then those systems interacting with and supporting other systems...

Spinoff: Consumer, Home, and Recreation
NASA Missions Inspire Online Video Games

Fast forward to 2035. Imagine being part of a community of astronauts living and working on the Moon. Suddenly, in the middle of just another day in space, a meteorite crashes into the surface of the Moon, threatening life as you know it. The support equipment that provides oxygen for the entire...

Spinoff: Consumer, Home, and Recreation
Monitors Track Vital Signs for Fitness and Safety

Have you ever felt nauseous reading a book in the back seat of a car? Or woken from a deep sleep feeling disoriented, unsure which way is up? Momentary mixups like these happen when the sensory systems that track the body’s orientation in space become confused. (In the case of the...

Spinoff: Consumer, Home, and Recreation
Thermal Components Boost Performance of HVA C Systems

As the International Space Station (ISS) travels 17,500 miles per hour, normal is having a constant sensation of free-falling. Normal is no rain, but an extreme amount of shine—with temperatures reaching 250 ˚F when facing the Sun. Thanks to a number of advanced control systems...

Spinoff: Environmental and Agricultural Resources
World Wind Tools Reveal Environmental Change

“Who has more satellite data than NASA?” asks Patrick Hogan.

The question is a rhetorical one. After dozens of Earth-observing satellite launches and missions to other planets, NASA has accumulated an unmatched amount of planetary science information, including satellite imagery,...