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Health, Medicine, & Biotechnology

News : Medical
Transparent Skull Implant Could Replace Craniotomy

Researchers from several US and Mexican institutions are developing a transparent skull implant that will allow doctors to deliver laser-based treatments to the brain on demand and on a recurring basis without the need for surgeons to open up the skull, a highly invasive procedure called a...

News : Medical
New “4D” MRI Technique Identifies Stroke Risk

A new imaging technique has been developed that can help predict who is most at risk for stroke. This breakthrough could lead to better treatment and outcomes for patients with atrial fibrillation. The cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging test can detect the blood’s velocity through the...

News : Medical
Visible-Light-Based Imaging for Medical Devices

MIT researchers have developed a technique for recovering visual information from light that has scattered because of interactions with the environment — such as passing through human tissue. The technique could lead to medical imaging systems that use visible light, which carries much more...

News : Imaging
Wearable Microscope Measures Fluorescent Dyes through Skin

UCLA researchers working with a team at Verily Life Sciences have designed a mobile microscope that can detect and monitor fluorescent biomarkers inside the skin with a high level of sensitivity, an important tool in tracking various biochemical reactions for medical diagnostics and...

News : Semiconductors & ICs
Next Generation of Ultrathin Batteries Could Advance Medical Implantables

A University of Rochester researcher is helping develop next-generation miniature batteries that would expand the use of medical implantables and other devices.

News : Materials
Nanoscale Sculpturing of Metals Can Improve Biocompatibility for Implants

How metals can be used depends particularly on the characteristics of their surfaces. A research team at Kiel University has discovered how they can change the surface properties without affecting the mechanical stability of the metals or changing the metal characteristics...

News : Medical
Light Tames Lethal Heart Disorders

Using high-tech human heart models and mouse experiments, scientists at Johns Hopkins and Germany’s University of Bonn have shown that beams of light could replace electric shocks in patients reeling from a deadly heart rhythm disorder.

News : Medical
Small Implanted Device Could Improve Breast Cancer Survival

A small device implanted under the skin can improve breast cancer survival by catching cancer cells. The implantable scaffold device is made of FDA-approved material commonly used in sutures and wound dressings. It’s biodegradable and can last up to two years within a patient.

News : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Flexible Electronic Skin Patch Monitors Alcohol Levels

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a flexible wearable sensor that can accurately measure a person’s blood alcohol level from sweat and transmit the data wirelessly to a laptop, smartphone or other mobile device. The device can be worn on the skin and could...

News : Medical
Therapeutic Target for Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, the most common of pancreatic cancers, is extraordinarily lethal, with a 5-year survival rate of just 6 percent. Chemotherapy treatments are poorly effective, in part due to a high degree of drug-resistance to currently used regimens.

News : Medical
Laser Treatment Supports New Paper Electronics

By using lasers to treat graphene, Iowa State University researchers have found new ways to enable flexible, wearable, and low-cost electronics. Fabricating inkjet-printed, multi-layer graphene electric circuits and electrodes with a pulsed-laser process improves electrical conductivity without...

News : Medical
Shortwave Infrared Instrument Could Improve Ear Infection Diagnosis

A new device could greatly improve doctors’ ability to accurately diagnose ear infections. The new device, whose design is still being refined by the team, is expected ultimately to look and function very much like existing otoscopes, the devices most doctors currently use to...

News : Electronics & Computers
Edible Batteries Power Ingestible Medical Devices

Non-toxic, edible batteries could one day power ingestible devices for diagnosing and treating disease. The batteries are made with melanin pigments naturally found in the skin, hair, and eyes.

Briefs : Medical
A Simplified Production of Organic Compounds Containing High Enantiomer Excesses

NASA has developed a novel approach for producing sugars and sugar acids enriched with one of the two enantiomers of individual compounds. This approach can also be adapted for other compounds, such as amino acids. All objects, including chemical compounds, have...

Briefs : Medical
Generation of High-Pressure Oxygen Via Electrochemical Pumping in a Multi-Stage Electrolysis Stack

Innovators at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have developed a method for producing pure high-pressure oxygen via an electrochemical pumping process through a solid oxide electrolysis (SOE) cell stack. Glenn’s device can either concentrate the...

Briefs : Medical
Tension Distribution in Tendon-Driven Fingers

Researchers at the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC), in collaboration with General Motors and Oceaneering, have designed a state-of-the-art, highly dexterous, humanoid robot called Robonaut 2 (R2). R2 is made up of multiple component technologies and systems encompassing nearly 50 patented and...

Briefs : Medical
Rapid Polymer Sequencer

Solid-state nanopore-based analysis of nucleic acid polymers is revolutionary. No other technique can determine information content in single molecules of genetic material at speeds of 1 subunit per microsecond. Since individual molecules are counted, the output is intrinsically quantitative. The nanopore approach is more...

News : Imaging
New MRI Technology Eliminates Longtime Limits

A new technology harnesses imperfections that typically compromise MRI exams to create images resolved enough to enable consistent diagnoses across populations for the first time. Traditional MRI radio waves “light up” some parts of a sample better than others, with imperfections blacking out...

News : Imaging
Microscope Imaging System Integrates Virtual Reality

A neurosurgeon at Mount Sinai Health System is the first to use CaptiView – a microscope image injection system from Leica Microsystems that overlays critical virtual reality imaging directly onto the brain when viewed through the eyepiece, known as the ocular, during surgery. This new...

News : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Microfluidic Chip Replicates Muscle-Nerve Connection

MIT engineers developed a microfluidic device that replicates the neuromuscular junction — the vital connection where nerve meets muscle. The device, about the size of a U.S. quarter, contains a single muscle strip and a small set of motor neurons.

News : Medical
Wave-Propelled Robot Swims, Crawls, Climbs

The first single actuator wave-like robot (SAW) has been developed by engineers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. The 3D-printed robot can move forward or backward in a wave-like motion, moving much like a worm would in a perpendicular wave.

News : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Wristband Sensor Predicts and Prevents Asthma Attacks

Researchers have developed an integrated, wearable system that monitors a user’s environment, heart rate, and other physical attributes with the goal of predicting and preventing asthma attacks. The system, called the Health and Environmental Tracker (HET), is composed of a suite of new...

News : Aerospace
Researchers Develop Self-Healing, Shape-Changing Smart Material

Washington State University researchers have created a multi-functional smart material that changes shape when subjected to heat or light; the material then assembles and disassembles itself.

Briefs : Medical
Computer-Controlled Solid-State Lighting Assembly to Emulate Diurnal Cycle and Improve Circadian Rhythm Control

The Lighting System to Improve Circadian Rhythm Control was designed and built to help regulate the sleep cycles of astronauts working on the International Space Station (ISS) and during long-duration spaceflight. In space, the lack of...

Briefs : Medical
Capillary Driven Microorganism Cultivation Platform for Human Life Support

The high water-to-biomass ratio characteristic of conventional algae cultivation systems requires large energy inputs for pumping and mixing the culture during cultivation, as well as for dewatering and harvesting the resultant biomass. In light of this challenge, the...

Briefs : Medical
Device and Method for Healing Wounds

This technology is a device that uses electrical activity to facilitate the wound healing process while protecting the wound. The bandage is made of an electroactive material (see figure) that is stimulated by the heat of the body and the pressure of cell growth, thus no external power source is required.

Briefs : Medical
Portable Acoustic Holography Systems for Therapeutic Ultrasound Sources

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a rapidly developing medical technology that relies on focusing acoustic waves to treat remote tissue sites inside the body without damaging intervening tissues. HIFU can be used to treat benign and malignant tumors, dissolve blood...

Briefs : Medical
Probiotic Therapy for Astronauts, and During Radiation Therapy

A new method to screen the gastrointestinal (GI) tract for radiation sensitivity and radiation-induced gene damage has a number of applications. This technology could be used to assess radiation susceptibility in individuals, such as astronauts, nuclear reactor workers, those...

Briefs : Medical
Methods of Manufacturing Bioactive Gels from Extracellular Matrix Material

Biologic scaffolds composed of extracellular matrix material (ECM) have been used for the repair of a variety of tissues including the lower urinary tract, esophagus, myocardium, and musculotendinous tissues, often leading to tissue-specific constructive remodeling with...

Briefs : Medical
Multi-Parameter Biodosimetric HemoDose Tools

There are continuous concerns about the possibility of nuclear and radiological terrorism or accidents that may result in mass casualties in densely populated areas. To guide medical personnel in their clinical decisions for effective medical management and treatment of exposed individuals, biomarkers...

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