Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Heat Shield Employing Cured Thermal Protection Material Blocks Bonded in a Large-Cell Honeycomb Matrix

A document describes a new way to integrate thermal protection materials on external surfaces of vehicles that experience the severe heating environments of atmospheric entry from space. Cured blocks of thermal protection materials are bonded...

Briefs : Materials
Asymmetric Supercapacitor for Long-Duration Power Storage

A document discusses a project in which a series of novel hybrid positive electrode materials was developed and tested in asymmetric capacitors with carbon negative electrodes. The electrochemical performance of the hybrid capacitors was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and a DC...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Airborne Hyperspectral Imaging System

A document discusses a hyperspectral imaging instrument package designed to be carried aboard a helicopter. It was developed to map the depths of Greenland’s supraglacial lakes. The instrument is capable of telescoping to twice its original length, allowing it to be retracted with the door closed during...

Briefs : Medical
Cloud-Based Product Lifecycle Management for the Medical Industry

The medical industry stands to benefit immensely from cloud-based product lifecycle management (PLM). The mountains of information that medical companies must manage when bringing a new product to market are truly massive. Every aspect of the product — and every change made to...

Briefs : Motion Control
High-Accuracy Closed Loop Force Feedback

Hand-driven press assemblies, which require a specific amount of force applied for a given amount of time, present challenges when attempting to accurately measure or replicate results in production or quality control processes. In contrast, servo-driven digital presses are able to provide accurate,...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Ultra-Sensitive Biosensor for Medical Diagnostics

Researchers have created an ultrasensitive biosensor that could open up new opportunities for early detection of cancer and “personalized medicine” tailored to the specific biochemistry of individual patients. The device, which could be several hundred times more sensitive than other...

Briefs : Medical
Beat-to-Beat Blood Pressure Monitor

This device provides non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure measurements and can be worn over the upper arm for prolonged durations. Phase and waveform analyses are performed on filtered proximal and distal photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveforms obtained from the brachial artery. The phase analysis is used...

Articles : Automotive
The Engineering of IndyCar Racing

IndyCar racing features some of the most technologically sophisticated automobiles in the world today. Weighing just 1,565 pounds and powered by single- or twin-turbocharged 2.2L V6 engines that produce anywhere from 550 to 700 HP, the sleek, aerodynamic vehicles are capable of speeds in excess of 220...

Articles : Photonics/Optics
Ensuring Safe Operation and Accurate Characterization of Laser Diodes

Laser diodes are very sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD), current/ voltage transients, and temperature changes, and extra care must be taken to ensure the laser diode is protected during all operating conditions. Unlike general-purpose power supplies or current...

Application Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Comparing Apples to Oranges: Self-Service Scales With USB Cameras Auto-Detect Fruits and Vegetables

From apples to oranges, from avocado to zucchini — the fruit and vegetable departments of large supermarkets offer an overwhelming choice of fresh products. Consumers benefit from this broad selection, as most fruits are now available year...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
885-nm Pumped Ceramic Nd:YAG Master Oscillator Power Amplifier Laser System

The performance of a traditional diode pumped solid-state laser that is typically pumped with 808-nm laser diode array (LDA) and crystalline Nd:YAG was improved by using 885-nm LDAs and ceramic Nd:YAG. The advantage is lower quantum defect, which will improve the thermal...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser With Efficient Coupling and Beam Profile

Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are unipolar semiconductor lasers, where the wavelength of emitted radiation is determined by the engineering of quantum states within the conduction band in coupled multiple-quantum-well heterostructures to have the desired energy separation....

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Measurement Via Optical Near-Nulling and Subaperture Stitching

A subaperture stitching interferometer system provides near-nulling of a subaperture wavefront reflected from an object of interest over a portion of a surface of the object. A variable optical element located in the radiation path adjustably provides near-nulling to facilitate...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Stereo Vision Camera Reference Design

e-con Systems Inc. (St. Louis, MO) has introduced the world’s first stereo vision camera reference design based on Texas Instruments’ OMAP/DM37x family of processors and Gumstix® Overo® computer-on-module (COM) series. The stereo camera reference design, code-named Capella, includes a DM3730-based...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Laser System

Carl Zeiss Microscopy (Peabody, MA) has launched the AURIGA® Laser, a new system that combines the AURIGA® CrossBeam (FIB-SEM) workstation with a pulsed micro-focus laser for fast ablation of material. The AURIGA® Laser examines samples where the target structure is buried under material layers. Ablation with a pulsed micro-focus...

Products : Photonics/Optics
PoE Cameras

Edmund Optics® (Barrington, NJ) has introduced new Power over Ethernet (PoE) cameras. Each device includes software that allows the user to set area of interest (AOI), gain, exposure, white balance, frame rate, trigger delay, and digital output (flash) delay and duration. The software can also implement edge enhancement, image...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Laser Beam Analysis System

Spiricon (North Logan, UT) has introduced BeamMic™, a new laser beam analyzer that combines the essentials for beam analysis in a low-cost, entry-level system. BeamMic includes easy-to-use software that measures a beam’s size, shape, uniformity, and mode content. Beam intensity profiles are displayed simultaneously...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Optical Sensor

Maxim Integrated Products (Sunnyvale, CA) offers the MAX44000, a digital ambient-light and infrared proximity sensor that detects light like a human eye. Designed using the company’s proprietary BiCMOS technology, the IC integrates three optical sensors, two ADCs, and digital functionality into a 2mm x 2mm x 0.6mm package.

Products : Photonics/Optics
3D Polarizing Filters

American Polarizers (Reading, PA) has introduced glass 3D circular polarizing filters for use with dual projection systems. API filters feature a range of sizes up to 14" x 20". Tight control of transmission characteristics gives the filters low ghosting properties when used with high-light-output projection systems of up...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Laser Diode

Renesas Electronics (Tokyo, Japan) and California Eastern Laboratories (Santa Clara, CA) are now sampling the 405-nm Blue-Violet Laser Diode, the NV4V31MF. The NV4V31MF provides precise laser emission supporting particle measurement, industrial precision measurement including location measurement and surface uniformity detection,...

Articles : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Think Outside the Chip: MEMS-Based Systems Solutions

MEMS is an acronym for Microelectro mechanical Systems; however, most MEMS implementations to date have not been systems at all, but rather devices. This article reports the constituents and some applications of what is defined as MEMS-based systems solutions, or MBSS. In Europe, this concept...

Application Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensors Enable Precision Mounting of X-Ray Optics

NASA is developing the next generation of X-ray optics that could be used in an orbiting X-Ray Observatory. The “lens” consists of thousands of mirrors positioned to reflect X-rays at a shallow angle at focal length of 3-10 meters. Locating and fixing the mirrors in position is the primary...

Application Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Inlet Funnels on Mars Rover Are Validated Using Scanning Laser Vibrometry

NASA’s latest mission to Mars in November 2011 sent the Mars Science Laboratory rover “Curiosity” to assess whether Mars ever had, or still has, an environment able to support life. While on Mars, Curiosity will collect soil and environmental samples, and analyze the...

Techs for License
Piezo-Powered Actuators Offer Reduction in Weight

A set of piezoelectric actuators weighs 4 to 50 times less than other robotic actuators in end-effectors, including hydraulic or solenoid devices. The small piezos use ultra-low power: 3 mA holding current at 6.8 VDC, 7.5 mW. The piezo technology is a scalable actuator moved by a pre-loaded piezo...

Techs for License
Microscopic Sphere Production Process Eliminates Classification Needs After Processing

A new process produces microspheres of an extremely narrow size distribution and high homogeneity, measuring between 2 and 10 μm. The process can make the microscopic spheres from any material that can be polymerized; acrylic and styrene spheres have been...

NASA Tech Needs
Creation of Novel Optical Effects

A client seeks transformative technologies that will enable a variety of optical effects or hidden messaging to be created directly onto consumer products and its packaging. Reversible effects that are triggered by external stimuli, such as water (hydrochromic) and light (photochromic), are of interest....

NASA Tech Needs
Reduction of Plastics Used in Packaging

An organization must reduce the amount of plastic resin used in packaging, while maintaining the package’s structural integrity and functionality through the supply chain. It may be possible, for example, to inject air bubbles into plastic resin in such a way as to maintain container size, shape, and...

Who's Who
Sandeep Yayathi, Robotics Engineer, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX

NASA robotics engineer Sandeep Yayathi works on Robonaut 2, or R2, a humanoid robot built and designed at Johnson Space Center in Houston. As a robotics engineer, Sandeep Yayathi is developing a battery-based power system that will allow the Robonaut 2, now aboard the...

Products
Product of the Month: the tPac (TM) Telomonitoring System

The tPac™ Telemonitor ing System from Dataforth Corp., Tucson, AZ, provides a complete remote-access monitoring solution in a box. Users connect sensors to the tPac system terminals, connect their modem or switch to the Ethernet socket, and can immediately access their process,...

News : Lighting
Discovery Could Lead to More Efficient Solar Cells and Super Bright LEDs

Ateam of physicists headed by Dr. Vinod M. Menon, who is a member of The City University of New York Photonics Initiative and teaches at Queens College, has discovered a new method to manipulate light that could eventually result in more efficient solar cells, super bright...

Technology Leaders