Semiconductors & ICs

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on semiconductors & ICs, from engineering experts at NASA and major government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Nanosized Foldable Robots
The machines fold themselves within 100 milliseconds and can flatten and refold thousands of times.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Air-Powered Robot Needs No Electronics
The walking quadruped is controlled and powered by pressurized air.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Large Integrated Circuits Produced in a Printing Press
Complete integrated circuits with more than 1,000 organic electrochemical transistors can be screen-printed.
Briefs: Semiconductors & ICs
Nanotransistors Stay Cool at High Voltages
The transistors enable power converters to perform at substantially improved efficiencies, especially in high-power applications.
The new material could help put more power in smaller microchips.
The technology could boost quantum computers and other superconducting electronics.
Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Synapse-Like Phototransistor
The technology could help computers process visual information more like the human brain.
The inexpensive cameras are easy to produce.
Briefs: Semiconductors & ICs
Smartphone-Based Medical Tests
A smartphone, combined with nanoscale porous silicon, enables inexpensive, simple, home diagnostics.

The promise of personalized medicine involves a simple device that keeps each person apprised of their level of health, identifies even trace amounts of undesirable biomarkers...

Normally an insulator, diamond becomes a metallic conductor when subjected to large strain.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Chip Delivers COVID-19 Test Results on a Smartphone
Programmed magnetic nanobeads are used to detect the virus in 55 minutes or less.
This compact beam steering technology has applications in autonomous navigation, AR, and neuroscience.
Assembling tiny chips into unique programmable surfaces dramatically increases the amount of data wireless systems can transmit.
Briefs: Materials
Ultrasonic Projector
A chip-based technology generates sound profiles with high resolution and intensity to make ultrasound therapy more effective and easier.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Quantum-Limit-Approaching Chemical Sensing Chip
Study shows improvements to chemical sensing chip that aims to quickly and accurately identify drugs and other trace chemicals.
This built-in security measure would prevent hackers from getting enough information about the circuit to reverse-engineer it.
The stretchable electronics are more stable as they change shape, which could lead to next-generation sensors for healthcare applications.
The device has applications in medical diagnostics and homeland security.
Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Compact Infrared Spectrometer
This device fits on a computer chip but can analyze infrared light in the same way as a conventional spectrometer.
The chip could provide low-voltage power for small devices or sensors.
The chip combines two functions — logic operations and data storage — into a single architecture, paving the way to more efficient devices.
Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Supercool Mini-Thermometer
Applications include monitoring the temperature of processor chips in superconductor-based quantum computers, which must stay cold to work properly.
This supercapacitor promises storage, high power, and fast charging.
The material, commonly found in house paint, can be used in a device to more efficiently process information.
Briefs: Semiconductors & ICs
Platform for All-Optical Computing
Computations are done solely with beams of light.
The system enables measurement of active or passive microstrip line devices with DC probing capability.
Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
High-Efficiency Megawatt Motor
This partially superconducting machine can be used as a motor or generator.
Invisible displays on walls and windows would be bright when turned on but invisible when turned off.