Topics

Health, Medicine, & Biotechnology

Briefs : Medical
Positioning Technology for Digital Displays on Mobile Medical Equipment

As hospitals and surgical centers add more portable medical equipment, the precision and positioning of digital displays become critical to staff efficiency, comfort, and health. Dispensing quality healthcare depends on providers having easy access to the right tools and...

Briefs : Medical
Implantable Contact System for Medical Pulse Generation Devices

An integrated seal and electrical contact system for medical implantable pulse generators (IPGs) has been engineered to help large and small OEMs accelerate the development process, reduce device volume, and improve functionality.

Briefs : Medical
Dynamic Optical Phantom of a Living Body and Method for Producing It

An optical phantom enables dynamic changes in the physiological state of muscles, the brain, and blood flow to be measured. The medical diagnostic and treatment equipment that utilizes light is usually applied in order to establish the location of diseased tissue regions,...

Briefs : Materials
Self-Assembling Hydrophobin Useful for Coating Surfaces

This technology provides isolated polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding a mature thermophillic hydrophobin polypeptide suitable for a recombinant DNA technology production process. This compound self-assembles at interfaces and is applicable to a broad variety of...

Briefs : Medical
GigE-Vision®-Compliant Receivers for the Networked Operating Room

When vision system integrators are designing systems for hospital operating rooms, they have a number of technologies to choose from. The video interfacing technology with which the system will transmit imaging data to PCs or other system elements has traditionally been limited...

Briefs : Medical
Advanced Data Analysis for Resistance Weld Monitoring

Medical device manufacturers are experiencing an ever-increasing emphasis on process accountability. ADAM (Advanced Data Analysis Monitor) is a technology developed for resistance welding that gives manufacturers the information they need to support process development and production...

Briefs : Medical
Preserving Phase for Bionic Implants by Rearranging a Signal’s Components

Any signal can be decomposed into components of sinusoids. This pioneer technique expands the theory of interchangeability of phase and a shift of time (or a shift of another variable). It faithfully preserves phase information by mathematically rearranging the...

Briefs : Medical
Thermographic Printing Using Organic Silver Salts

The materials presented allow the writing on a single sheet of these materials without ink, but only by heat, thereby revealing a black and white image. This process is called thermographic writing or printing.

Briefs : Medical
Repeatable, Low-Cost UV Assembly of Biosensors

A biosensor is an analytical device that converts a biological response into an electrical signal. It is increasingly being used as a cost-effective diagnostic tool that offers the capability to render efficient, easy-to-use, and accurate diagnosis. While technological advances in biosensors are...

Briefs : Medical
Tethered Endoscope for Photographing the Esophagus

Conventional endoscopes are the “gold standard” for investigating and evaluating mucosal disease of the esophagus. Free-swimming camera pills are large because they must carry camera, batteries, memory, illumination, and some level of image processing power on board. A typical camera pill...

Briefs : Medical
Isolation of the 'Paenibacillus phoenicis', a Spore-Forming Bacterium

A microorganism was isolated from the surfaces of the cleanroom facility in which the Phoenix lander was assembled. The isolated bacterial strain was subjected to a comprehensive polyphasic analysis to characterize its taxonomic position. Both phenotypic and phylogenetic...

Briefs : Medical
Cell Radiation Experiment System

The cell radiation experiment system (CRES) is a perfused-cell culture apparatus, within which cells from humans or other animals can (1) be maintained in homeostasis while (2) being exposed to ionizing radiation during controlled intervals and (3) being monitored to determine the effects of radiation and the...

Briefs : Imaging
Monolithically Integrated, Mechanically Resilient Carbon-Based Probes for Scanning Probe Microscopy

Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is an important tool for performing measurements at the nanoscale in imaging bacteria or proteins in biology, as well as in the electronics industry. An essential element of SPM is a sharp, stable tip that possesses...

Briefs : Medical
Retractor System for Abdominal Surgery

Adjusting abdominal clamps to open up a larger operating field during surgery typically requires the use of two hands: one hand to unscrew the clamp, and the other hand to pull the clamp to increase the operating field. Furthermore, one hand has to retain the clamp in position while the other is used to...

Articles : Medical
2010 Create the Future Design Contest Medical Category Winner

(Winner of an HP Workstation)

IDEA Enhanced Pulse Oximetry

Rodrigo Teixeira, Alton Reich, and Stephen Malin

Huntsville, AL

Stroke volume, or how much volume of blood the heart pumps with each beat, demonstrates the organ’s efficiency...

Briefs : Medical
Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Technology for Minimally Invasive Devices

Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) has been used for decades as a biomaterial in joint replacements. Recently, this technology was refined to serve the needs of minimally invasive surgical applications, particularly cardiovascular implants. UHMWPE...

Briefs : Medical
Topical Compositions and Glove for Protection and Shielding Against Radiation Exposure

Over the past several decades, there has been a proliferation of medical diagnostic and treatment devices that involve the use of X-rays, beta rays, gamma rays, and radioactive isotopes. In addition, there has been recent concern regarding possible radiation...

Briefs : Software
Digital Microfluidics Sample Analyzer

Three innovations address the needs of the medical world with regard to microfluidic manipulation and testing of physiological samples in ways that can benefit point-of-care needs for patients such as premature infants, for which drawing of blood for continuous tests can be life-threatening in their own...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Circulatory Assist Pump for Implantable Artificial Heart Device

When a patient’s heart disease cannot be treated, heart transplantation is required, but only a few people can receive transplants. These rare opportunities for transplantation have created a demand for artificial hearts.

Briefs : Medical
Ultrasonic Echo Probe With Measurement of Contact Pressure Distribution

This ultrasonic echo apparatus can measure tissue inside living bodies, non-invasively. The developed probe has a film-like piezoelectric sensor installed on the contact surface of an ordinary medical ultrasonic probe, and it can measure the contact pressure distribution...

Briefs : Materials
Modifying Polyethylene Oxide for Melt-Processability

Generally, high-molecular-weight polyethylene oxide (PEO) can present processing challenges due to its high melt viscosity and poor melt drawability; it can be difficult to form into fine-gauge film or small-diameter fibers. There is the alternative technology of solution casting, which has...

Briefs : Medical
Process to Selectively Distinguish Viable From Non-Viable Bacterial Cells

The combination of ethidium monoazide (EMA) and post-fragmentation, randomly primed DNA amplification technologies will enhance the analytical capability to discern viable from non-viable bacterial cells in spacecraft-related samples. Intercalating agents have been widely...

Briefs : Medical
Radiation Protection Using Carbon Nanotube Derivatives

BHA and BHT are well-known food preservatives that are excellent radical scavengers. These compounds, attached to single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), could serve as excellent radical traps. The amino-BHT groups can be associated with SWNTs that have carbolyxic acid groups via acid-base...

Briefs : Medical
Orthotic Dynamically Adjusts to Changes in Foot Structure and Movement

Kinesthotic© orthotics are made to adapt to the foot by replicating, within footwear, an explicit quality of beach-sand surface dynamics on whatever surface the footwear is used. The resulting support complies with the biomechanically sound and functional supportive...

Briefs : Medical
Reusable Personal Radiation Dosimeter for Ultraviolet or Radioactive Radiation

Radiation dosimeters are important for people working with radioactive isotopes, as in analytical research laboratories, in nuclear medical applications, in medical X-ray imaging, in nuclear power-stations, or in non-destructive testing of materials by ionizing...

Briefs : Medical
Eye, Ear, and Skin Scope

A handheld, digitized ophthalmo scope, otoscope, or dermoscope takes digital images and video, and transmits the images to patients’ electronic medical records and/or to physicians for remote diagnosis. The device can be used for retinal (ophthalmoscopy), ear (otoscopy), or skin (dermatoscopy) imaging.

Briefs : Medical
Enhancing Tumor Drug Delivery by Laser-Activated Vascular Barrier Disruption

An obstacle to successful cancer drug therapy is the existence of drug delivery barriers, which result in insufficient and heterogeneous drug delivery to the tumor tissue. This drug delivery problem not only limits the clinical application of existing chemotherapeutics,...

Briefs : Medical
Fast, Quantitative Diagnostic Reader for Multiple Medical Tests

While most physicians have easy access to lab tests, those tests can be slow and expensive. Consumer versions of tests are inaccurate and have limited scope, and often involve sending a sample to a lab. Physicians, emergency rooms, EMTs, patients, visiting nurses, and caregivers may...

Briefs : Medical
Miniature Bioreactor System for Long-Term Cell Culture

A prototype miniature bioreactor system is designed to serve as a laboratory benchtop cell-culturing system that minimizes the need for relatively expensive equipment and reagents and can be operated under computer control, thereby reducing the time and effort required of human investigators...

Briefs : Medical
Fabrication and Modification of Nanoporous Silicon Particles

Silicon-based nanoporous particles as biodegradable drug carriers are advantageous in permeation, controlled release, and targeting. The use of biodegradable nanoporous silicon and silicon dioxide, with proper surface treatments, allows sustained drug release within the target site...

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