July 2012

Articles: Lighting Technology
LED Binning Using a Single Pulse Tester

LEDs are considered to be the light technology of the future due to their low energy consumption and long lifetime compared to traditional light sources. As LED luminous intensity levels increase, the...

Ateam of physicists headed by Dr. Vinod M. Menon, who is a member of The City University of New York Photonics Initiative and teaches at Queens College, has discovered...

Research being done at North Carolina State University will allow the development of energy-efficient LED devices that use ultraviolet (UV) light to kill pathogens such as bacteria...

The solid-state lighting industry continues to develop LEDs with higher lumens per watt, in alignment with Haitz Law, which states that the cost per lumen falls by a factor of 10 every decade...

Techs for License: Lighting
Brighter, More Efficient LED-Based Lighting

Code 3’s TriCore is an LED-based optical lighting technology that is 2X brighter than other technology currently on the market using only 1/3 the power of conventional lighting systems, yielding...

Matrix-addressed displays, which include LCDs, LEDs, and almost every kind of display except the CRT, are currently refreshed one row or one column at a time. This is required for...

Briefs: Lighting
New Technique Allows Simulation of Noncrystalline Materials

A multidisciplinary team of researchers at MIT and in Spain has found a new mathematical approach to simulating the electronic behavior of noncrystalline materials, which may eventually play an important part in new devices including solar cells, organic LED lights, and printable,...

A team of nanomaterials researchers at Sandia National Laboratories has developed a new technique that could make radiation detection in cargo and baggage more effective and less costly...

The gallium nitride nanowires grown by PML scientists may only be a few tenths of a micrometer in diameter, but they promise a very wide range of applications, from new light-emitting diodes and diode lasers...

Las Vegas is best known for the bright lights of ‘The Strip’ but thanks to new LED fixtures from GE Lighting, the city’s surrounding streets are starting to take on a...

As part of its preparations to host the London 2012 Olympic Games, the ExCeL London International Exhibition & Convention Centre expanded its efforts to convert the facility to greener,...

Briefs: Materials
Asymmetric Supercapacitor for Long-Duration Power Storage

A document discusses a project in which a series of novel hybrid positive electrode materials was developed and tested in asymmetric capacitors with carbon negative electrodes. The electrochemical performance of the hybrid capacitors was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and a DC...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Airborne Hyperspectral Imaging System

A document discusses a hyperspectral imaging instrument package designed to be carried aboard a helicopter. It was developed to map the depths of Greenland’s supraglacial lakes. The instrument is capable of telescoping to twice its original length, allowing it to be retracted with the door closed during...

Articles: Automotive
The Engineering of IndyCar Racing

IndyCar racing features some of the most technologically sophisticated automobiles in the world today. Weighing just 1,565 pounds and powered by single- or twin-turbocharged 2.2L V6 engines that produce...

Laser diodes are very sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD), current/ voltage transients, and temperature changes, and extra care must be taken to ensure the laser...

From apples to oranges, from avocado to zucchini — the fruit and vegetable departments of large supermarkets offer an overwhelming choice...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
885-nm Pumped Ceramic Nd:YAG Master Oscillator Power Amplifier Laser System

The performance of a traditional diode pumped solid-state laser that is typically pumped with 808-nm laser diode array (LDA) and crystalline Nd:YAG was improved by using 885-nm LDAs and ceramic Nd:YAG. The advantage is lower quantum defect, which will improve the thermal...

Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are unipolar semiconductor lasers, where the wavelength of emitted radiation is determined by the engineering of quantum states within the...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Measurement Via Optical Near-Nulling and Subaperture Stitching

A subaperture stitching interferometer system provides near-nulling of a subaperture wavefront reflected from an object of interest over a portion of a surface of the object. A variable optical element located in the radiation path adjustably provides near-nulling to facilitate...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Stereo Vision Camera Reference Design

e-con Systems Inc. (St. Louis, MO) has introduced the world’s first stereo vision camera reference design based on Texas Instruments’ OMAP/DM37x family of processors and Gumstix® Overo®...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Laser System

Carl Zeiss Microscopy (Peabody, MA) has launched the AURIGA® Laser, a new system that combines the AURIGA® CrossBeam (FIB-SEM) workstation with a pulsed micro-focus laser for fast ablation of material. The AURIGA® Laser...

Products: Photonics/Optics
PoE Cameras

Edmund Optics® (Barrington, NJ) has introduced new Power over Ethernet (PoE) cameras. Each device includes software that allows the user to set area of interest (AOI), gain, exposure, white balance, frame rate, trigger delay,...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Laser Beam Analysis System

Spiricon (North Logan, UT) has introduced BeamMic™, a new laser beam analyzer that combines the essentials for beam analysis in a low-cost, entry-level system. BeamMic includes easy-to-use software that measures...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Optical Sensor

Maxim Integrated Products (Sunnyvale, CA) offers the MAX44000, a digital ambient-light and infrared proximity sensor that detects light like a human eye. Designed using the company’s proprietary BiCMOS technology, the IC integrates three optical sensors, two ADCs, and digital functionality into a 2mm x 2mm x 0.6mm package.

Products: Photonics/Optics
3D Polarizing Filters

American Polarizers (Reading, PA) has introduced glass 3D circular polarizing filters for use with dual projection systems. API filters feature a range of sizes up to 14" x 20". Tight control of transmission...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Laser Diode

Renesas Electronics (Tokyo, Japan) and California Eastern Laboratories (Santa Clara, CA) are now sampling the 405-nm Blue-Violet Laser Diode, the NV4V31MF. The NV4V31MF provides precise laser emission supporting particle...

Articles: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Think Outside the Chip: MEMS-Based Systems Solutions

MEMS is an acronym for Microelectro mechanical Systems; however, most MEMS implementations to date have not been systems at all, but rather devices. This article reports the constituents...

Application Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensors Enable Precision Mounting of X-Ray Optics

NASA is developing the next generation of X-ray optics that could be used in an orbiting X-Ray Observatory. The “lens” consists of thousands of mirrors positioned to reflect X-rays at a...

NASA’s latest mission to Mars in November 2011 sent the Mars Science Laboratory rover “Curiosity” to assess whether Mars ever had, or still has, an environment...

Techs for License
Piezo-Powered Actuators Offer Reduction in Weight

A set of piezoelectric actuators weighs 4 to 50 times less than other robotic actuators in end-effectors, including hydraulic or solenoid devices. The small piezos use ultra-low power: 3 mA holding current at 6.8 VDC, 7.5 mW. The piezo technology is a scalable actuator moved by a pre-loaded piezo...

Techs for License
Microscopic Sphere Production Process Eliminates Classification Needs After Processing

A new process produces microspheres of an extremely narrow size distribution and high homogeneity, measuring between 2 and 10 μm. The process can make the microscopic spheres from any material that can be polymerized; acrylic and styrene spheres have been...

Tech Needs
Creation of Novel Optical Effects

A client seeks transformative technologies that will enable a variety of optical effects or hidden messaging to be created directly onto consumer products and its packaging. Reversible effects that are triggered by external stimuli, such as water (hydrochromic) and light (photochromic), are of interest....

Tech Needs
Reduction of Plastics Used in Packaging

An organization must reduce the amount of plastic resin used in packaging, while maintaining the package’s structural integrity and functionality through the supply chain. It may be possible, for example, to inject air bubbles into plastic resin in such a way as to maintain container size, shape, and...

NASA robotics engineer Sandeep Yayathi works on Robonaut 2, or R2, a humanoid robot built and designed at Johnson Space Center in Houston. As a robotics engineer,...

The tPac™ Telemonitor ing System from Dataforth Corp., Tucson, AZ, provides a complete remote-access monitoring solution in a box. Users connect sensors to the tPac system...

Products: Lighting
Parking Garage/Utility Light

Light Efficient Design (North Barrington, IL) recently introduced its new LED-8025 Garage / Utility light. Designed for low bay applications in parking structures and warehouses, this patent pending lamp replaces...

Products: Lighting
27-Watt LED Bulb

GE Lighting (East Cleveland, OH) recently announced a light-emitting diode replacement for the 100-watt incandescent light bulb that packages 27 watts of input power in a standard “A-19” bulb shape. The GE Energy...

Products: Lighting
Blasting Gun Light

Magnalight.com from Larson Electronics (Kemp, TX) has announced its explosion-proof BLG-LED-4 LED blasting gun light. Battery powered and mounted to a standard industrial blasting gun, the BLG-LED-4 LED includes a lens...

Products: Lighting
LED Drivers

Texas Instruments (Dallas, TX) has introduced the TPS92311, an off-line primary side sensing controller. AC input voltage supports all common line voltages (100V, 120V, 230V, 240V, 277V), and adaptive constant on-time (COT)...

Products: Lighting
Remote Phosphor LED

Intematix Corporation (Fremont, CA) has announced the availability of ChromaLit™ Contour. Lighting manufacturers can implement ChromaLit Contour to produce 60, 75 and 100 watt-equivalent omni-directional light in an LED...

Products: Lighting
LED Array Holder

Molex Incorporated (Lisle, IL) recently announced that its new LED array holder will support Citizen Electronics’ recently introduced Chip on Board (COB) series of arrays: CLL010, CLL020, CLL030, CLL040 and CLL050. Molex...

Products: Lighting
LED Selector App

Osram Opto Semiconductors (Sunnyvale, CA) has built an Automotive Signal LED Selector, a new Webbased smart phone app for designers of exterior automotive lighting. Available for the iPhone, Android, Blackberry OS, or other...

Products: Lighting
Digital Fade Dimmer

Light control manufacturer Lutron Electronics (Coopersburg, PA) recently announced the addition of the Maestro ® digital fade dimmer to its C•L™ dimmer collection. C•L dimmers work not only with today’s most...

Products: Lighting
Flat Panel Downlight

Global Lighting Technologies (Brecksville, OH) has improved the performance of its standard 2×2 ft.-square, edgelit, LED-based flat panel downlight assembly by developing a brighter and more efficient SSL for ceiling...

Products: Lighting
High Brightness LEDs

Everlight Electronics (Taipei, Taiwan) has introduced the “Shwo D” LED series of surface-mount, high-power devices. With standard operating current of 350mA, the LEDs measure 3.5 × 3.5 × 0.58 mm. When driven at...

Products: Lighting
AC/DC LED Drivers

The PDA080B-48VG LED driver from Phihong USA (Fremont, CA) is rated for inputs of 100 VAC to 304 VAC. The driver, which has a maximum output of 80W at 48 VDC and 1.67A, is compliant with UL8750 and bears safety approvals...

austriamicrosystems (Unterpremstaetten, Austria) has released the AS3674 and AS3490 LED backlight drivers for smartphone LCD displays. The LED drivers enable application efficiency at a peak level of 90%,...

Products: Lighting
Ceiling Mount LEDs

The ZELARA series from Zenaro Lighting (Boynton Beach, FL) offers LED-recessed light fixtures with two diameters of 118 and 170 mm. The ZELARA downlights achieve light beams of at least 15°, 35°, and 50°. Two light...

Podcasts
Sandeep Yayathi, Robotics Engineer, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX

The Robonaut is a humanoid robot, so it’s a robot that looks very much like a person. It has two arms, similar degrees of freedom, and some complex dexterous hands. The hands are also very similar to what we have on our arms. The goal is for the Robonaut to be able to...

If remote sensors are to be autonomous and report their data in real time, they must have a reliable power source and a stable Ethernet connection. The United States Geological Survey (USGS),...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Ultra-Low-Power MEMS Selective Gas Sensors

This innovation is a system for gas sensing that includes an ultra-low-power MEMS (microelectromechanical system) gas sensor, combined with unique electronic circuitry and a proprietary algorithm for operating the sensor. The electronics were created from scratch, and represent a novel design capable of...

Briefs: Information Technology
Pattern Recognition Algorithm for High- Sensitivity Odorant Detection in Unknown Environments

In a realistic odorant detection application environment, the collected sensory data is a mix of unknown chemicals with unknown concentrations and noise. The identification of the odorants among these mixtures is a challenge in data recognition. In...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Terahertz Radiation Heterodyne Detector Using Two- Dimensional Electron Gas in a GaN Heterostructure

High-resolution submillimeter/terahertz spectroscopy is important for studying atmospheric and interstellar molecular gaseous species. It typically uses heterodyne receivers where an unknown (weak) signal is mixed with a strong signal from the...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Versatile Controller for Infrared Lamp and Heater Arrays

A paper describes a modular design for new controllers for infrared heating during cruise stage solar thermal vacuum test of the Mars Science Laboratory. The controllers had to be easy to use and maintain, used with a wide variety of different control schemes, and made using commercial...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Instrument Suite for Vertical Characterization of the Ionosphere-Thermosphere System

A document describes a suite that provides four simultaneous ion and neutral-atom measurements as a function of altitude, with variable sensitivity for neutral atmospheric species. The variable sensitivity makes it possible to extend the measurements over the...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Determining Performance Acceptability of Electrochemical Oxygen Sensors

A method has been developed to screen commercial electrochemical oxygen sensors to reduce the failure rate. There are three aspects to the method: First, the sensitivity over time (several days) can be measured and the rate of change of the sensitivity can be used to predict...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
High-Speed Scanning Interferometer Using CMOS Image Sensor and FPGA Based on Multifrequency Phase- Tracking Detection

A sub-aperture stitching optical interferometer can provide a cost-effective solution for an in situ metrology tool for large optics; however, the currently available technologies are not suitable for high-speed and real-time...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Compact Receiver Front Ends for Submillimeter-Wave Applications

The current generation of submillimeter- wave instruments is relatively massand power-hungry. The receiver front ends (RFEs) of a submillimeter instrument form the heart of the instrument, and any mass reduction achieved in this subsystem is propagated through the instrument. In the...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Blocking Losses With a Photon Counter

It was not known how to assess accurately losses in a communications link due to photodetector blocking, a phenomenon wherein a detector is rendered inactive for a short time after the detection of a photon. When used to detect a communications signal, blocking leads to losses relative to an ideal detector,...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Dynamically Reconfigurable Systolic Array Accelerator

A polymorphic systolic array framework has been developed that works in conjunction with an embedded microprocessor on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA), which allows for dynamic and complimentary scaling of acceleration levels of two algorithms active concurrently on the FPGA. Use is...

Briefs: Software
Motion-Capture-Enabled Software for Gestural Control of 3D Models

Current state-of-the-art systems use general-purpose input devices such as a keyboard, mouse, or joystick that map to tasks in unintuitive ways. This software enables a person to control intuitively the position, size, and orientation of synthetic objects in a 3D virtual...

Briefs: Software
Orbit Software Suite

Orbit Software Suite is used to support a variety of NASA/DM (Dependable Multiprocessor) mission planning and analysis activities on the IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) platform. The suite of Orbit software tools (Orbit Design and Orbit Dynamics) resides on IPS/Linux workstations, and is used to perform mission design and...

Briefs: Software
CoNNeCT Baseband Processor Module Boot Code SoftWare (BCSW)

This software provides essential startup and initialization routines for the CoNNeCT baseband processor module (BPM) hardware upon power-up. A command and data handling (C&DH) interface is provided via 1553 and diagnostic serial interfaces to invoke operational, reconfiguration, and...

Briefs: Software
Trajectory Software With Upper Atmosphere Model

The Trajectory Software Applications 6.0 for the Dec Alpha platform has an implementation of the Jacchia- Lineberry Upper Atmosphere Density Model used in the Mission Control Center for International Space Station support. Previous trajectory software required an upper atmosphere to support...

Briefs: Software
ALSSAT Version 6.0

Advanced Life Support Sizing Analysis Tool (ALSSAT) at the time of this reporting has been updated to version 6.0. A previous version was described in “Tool for Sizing Analysis of the Advanced Life Support System” (MSC- 23506), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 29, No. 12 (December 2005), page 43. To recapitulate: ALSSAT is a...

Projects that utilize large volumes of nonmetallic materials of planetary protection concern pose a challenge to their bioburden budget, as the most...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Demonstration of Minimally Machined Honeycomb Silicon Carbide Mirrors

Honeycomb silicon carbide composite mirrors are made from a carbon fiber preform that is molded into a honeycomb shape using a rigid mold. The carbon fiber honeycomb is densified by using polymer infiltration pyrolysis, or through a reaction with liquid silicon. A chemical...

Briefs: Materials
Nanoengineered Thermal Materials Based on Carbon Nanotube Array Composites

State-of-the-art integrated circuits (ICs) for microprocessors routinely dissipate power densities on the order of 50 W/cm2. This large power is due to the localized heating of ICs operating at high frequencies and must be managed for future highfrequency...

Briefs: Materials
Polyimide Aerogel Thin Films

Polyimide aerogels have been cross-linked through multifunctional amines. This invention builds on “Polyimide Aerogels With Three-Dimensional Cross-Linked Structure,” (LEW-18486-1), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 34, No. 8 (August 2010), page 38, and may be considered as a continuation of that invention, which results in...

Briefs: Materials
Composite Laminate With Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Matching D263 Glass

The International X-ray Observatory project seeks to make an X-ray telescope assembly with 14,000 flexible glass segments. The glass used is commercially available SCHOTT D263 glass. Thermal expansion causes the mirror to distort out of alignment. A housing material is...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Robust Tensioned Kevlar Suspension Design

One common but challenging problem in cryogenic engineering is to produce a mount that has excellent thermal isolation but is also rigid. Such mounts can be achieved by suspending the load from a network of fibers or strings held in tension. Kevlar fibers are often used for this purpose owing to their...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Focal Plane Alignment Utilizing Optical CMM

In many applications, an optical detector has to be located relative to mechanical reference points. One solution is to specify stringent requirements on (1) mounting the optical detector relative...

Briefs: Medical
Purifying, Separating, and Concentrating Cells From a Sample Low in Biomass

Frequently there is an inability to process and analyze samples of low biomass due to limiting amounts of relevant biomaterial in the sample. Furthermore, molecular biological protocols geared towards increasing the density of recovered cells and biomolecules of...

Briefs: Medical
Virtual Ultrasound Guidance for Inexperienced Operators

Medical ultrasound or echocardiographic studies are highly operatordependent and generally require lengthy training and internship to perfect. To obtain quality echocardiographic images in remote environments, such as on-orbit, remote guidance of studies has been employed. This technique...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Method to Remove Particulate Matter From Dusty Gases at Low Pressures

Future human exploration of Mars will rely on local Martian resources to reduce the mass, cost, and risk of space exploration launched from Earth. NASA’s In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) Project seeks to produce mission consumables from local Martian resources, such as...

A new method has been developed for monitoring and control of automated sample processing and preparation especially focusing on desalting of samples before...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
An MSK Radar Waveform

The minimum-shift-keying (MSK) radar waveform is formed by periodically extending a waveform that separately modulates the in-phase and quadraturephase components of the carrier with offset pulse-shaped pseudo noise (PN) sequences. To generate this waveform, a pair of periodic PN sequences is each passed through a...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Telescope Alignment From Sparsely Sampled Wavefront Measurements Over Pupil Subapertures

Alignment of two-element telescopes is a classic problem. During recent integration and test of the Space Interferometry Mission’s (SIM’s) Astrometric Beam Combiner (ABC), the innovators were faced with aligning two such telescope subsystems in the...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Heat Shield Employing Cured Thermal Protection Material Blocks Bonded in a Large-Cell Honeycomb Matrix

A document describes a new way to integrate thermal protection materials on external surfaces of vehicles that experience the severe heating environments of atmospheric entry from space. Cured blocks of thermal protection materials are bonded...

News
Researchers Use 3D Printing to Improve Living Tissue

University of Pennsylvania researchers have shown that 3D printed templates of filament networks can be used to rapidly create vasculature and improve the function of engineered living tissues.

Rather than trying to print a large volume of tissue and leave hollow channels for vasculature in...

News
NASA 'Webb Cam' Features Double Vision

NASA's special "Webb-cam," the camera in a giant clean room at NASA Goddard, now has "double vision." Two video cameras focus on what's happening with the very first completed instrument that will fly onboard the James Webb Space Telescope.

The James Webb Space Telescope contains four science...

News
Software Simulates How Liquid Droplets Behave on Surfaces

It would make life a lot easier if the surfaces of window panes, corrosion coatings, or microfluidic systems could keep themselves free of water and other liquids. A new simulation software has been developed by researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials in Germany...

News
Algorithm Simulates Particle Collisions on Quantum Computers

Quantum computers are still years away, but a trio of theorists has already figured out at least one talent they may have. According to the theorists, including one from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), physicists might one day use quantum computers to study...

News
Researchers Identify Precise Measurement of Radiation Damage

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have for the first time simulated and quantified the early stages of radiation damage that will occur in a given material.

Researchers creating electricity through photovoltaics want to convert as many of the sun’s wavelengths as possible to achieve maximum efficiency. For this reason, they see...

News
New Tactical Network Set To Begin Fielding

New networking equipment and training that is part of the Army's "Capability Set 13" will begin fielding in October. The 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division at Fort Bliss, Texas, will be the first recipients of more than 15 new systems included in the set. Over the next two years, a total of...

News
Picatinny Engineers Design New Laser Weapon

Scientists and engineers at Picatinny Arsenal are developing a device that will shoot lightning bolts down laser beams to destroy its target. The Laser- Induced Plasma Channel, or LIPC, is designed to take out targets that conduct electricity better than the air or ground that surrounds them. How did...

News
Lab Develops Air-Cleansing System for Submarines

Creators of a nanotech-based system that captures carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere within a submarine, while providing a more environmentally friendly removal process, have won the Federal Laboratory Consortium Interagency Partnership Award for 2012. The technology — Self Assembled...

Racing fans who read NASA Tech Briefs already know about a unique contest being run by circuit protection manufacturer Littelfuse called Speed2Design that gives five lucky engineers the chance to win an all-expenses...

Question of the Week
Will the growing number of personal smartphones and tablets in the workplace (and growing expectations) create greater security problems for organizations?

A recent survey from the network security company Fortinet found that Gen-Y employees in the workplace have an expectation that they will be able to use their own mobile smartphones and...

News
Researchers Develop New Eyes in the Sky

University of Iowa scientists have created a technique to help satellites "see" through the clouds and better estimate the concentration of pollutants, such as soot.

The finding is important, because, like GPS systems, clouds block remote-sensing satellites' ability to detect, and thus calculate, the...

Electrical energy storage is the obstacle preventing more widespread use of renewable energy sources. Due to the unpredictable nature of wind and solar energy, the ability to store this...

News
New Device Enables Eye-Controlled Computers

Millions of people suffering from Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s, muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injuries or amputees could soon interact with their computers and surroundings using just their eyes, thanks to a new device.

Composed from off-the-shelf materials, the new device can work out exactly...

News
Semiautonomous System Takes the Wheel

A new semiautonomous safety system uses an onboard camera and laser rangefinder to identify hazards in a vehicle’s environment. An engineering team devised an algorithm to analyze the data and identify safe zones — avoiding, for example, barrels in a field, or other cars on a roadway. The system allows a...

News
Georgia Tech Transforms Trainer Plane Into a Light Attack Aircraft

Researchers from the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) are helping convert an aircraft used to train pilots into one with intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (ISR), and light attack capabilities. The new aircraft would provide a less expensive alternative to legacy...

News
Army Radar System Will Allow Unmanned Systems to Fly in National Air Space

By March 2014, the MQ-1C Gray Eagle, an Army unmanned aerial system (UAS), will be able to train in the same airspace as the Boeing 747, with the help of the Army-developed Ground Based Sense and Avoid (GBSAA) system.

News
NASA Concept Plane Combines Three Aircraft Design Features

With its pair of jet engines riding on top, it looks like an airplane that has its wings bolted on upside down. But this innovative 1/11th-scale model recently tested by NASA in a California wind tunnel might represent the future of commercial aviation. Nicknamed AMELIA (Advanced Model...

News
Research Paves the Way for Accurate Manufacturing of Complex Aerospace Parts

Producing strong, lightweight, and complex parts for car manufacturing and the aerospace industry is set to become cheaper and more accurate thanks to a new technique developed by engineers from the University of Exeter (UK). The research team has developed a new method...

Question of the Week
Is the traditional resume becoming obsolete?

Facebook plans to launch its own jobs board, working with some existing sites to let users search listings. Similar online developments have led job experts to say that the traditional resume is turning into a thing of the past.

News
Musical Glove Improves Sensation, Mobility

Georgia Tech researchers have created a wireless, musical glove that may improve sensation and motor skills for people with paralyzing spinal cord injury (SCI).

The device is called Mobile Music Touch (MMT). The glove, which looks like a workout glove with a small box on the back, is used with a piano...

News
Synthetic Pores Mimic Important Natural Features

Inspired by nature, an international research team has created synthetic pores that mimic the activity of cellular ion channels, which play a vital role in human health by severely restricting the types of materials allowed to enter cells.

The pores the scientists built are permeable to...

News
Bioengineers Develop Endurance-Improving Smart Suit

A $2.6 million contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard will enable bioengineers to develop a smart suit that helps improve physical endurance for soldiers in the field.

The novel wearable system...

News
Fully Functional Fleet of Battleships Recreated for Museums and Ports

Donn McKinney never served aboard the U.S.S. Missouri, but has had a soft spot for the historic battleship since he was a child. McKinney’s dream is to see the ship in action, and how the vessel served its country from World War II to Operation Desert Storm. With the help of...

News
Autonomous Robot Maps Ship Hulls for Mines

For years, the U.S. Navy has employed human divers, equipped with sonar cameras, to search for underwater mines attached to ship hulls. The Navy has also trained dolphins and sea lions to search for bombs on and around vessels.

News
Robotics Rodeo Showcases New Military Technologies

More than 40 vendors and five universities showcased nearly 75 different technologies during the 2012 Robotics Rodeo at Fort Benning, GA.

News
Navy Tests Hybrid Hydraulic Technologies with Heavy Construction Equipment

Hybrid hydraulic technologies were tested by Navy and Army engineers seeking to achieve greater energy efficiencies and reduce costs among the Department of Defense's heavy construction fleet.

Researchers who are studying a new magnetic effect that converts heat to electricity have discovered how to amplify it a thousand times over, which is the first step toward...

Tightening or relaxing the tension on a drumhead will change the way the drum sounds. The same goes for drumheads made from graphene, only instead of changing the sound,...

INSIDER Product: Electronics & Computers
Accelerated Processing Unit

The AMD (Sunnyvale, CA) Embedded G-Series processor is the world’s first integrated circuit to combine a low-power CPU and a discrete-level GPU into a single embedded Accelerated Processing Unit (APU). The AMD...

INSIDER Product: Electronics & Computers
Video and Audio Capture Card

WinSystems (Arlington, TX) introduced a 12.1-inch open-frame, color flat panel PC and 1.66GHz single board computer (SBC) based on the Intel® Atom™ processor. The PPC3-12 panel PC is a compact, ready-to-mount...

INSIDER Product: Electronics & Computers
XMC Module

Acromag’s (Wixom, MI) new XMC-6VLX mezzanine modules feature a configurable Xilinx® Virtex™-6 FPGA enhanced with multiple high-speed memory buffers, I/O, and numerous high-bandwidth serial interfaces. The FPGA provides rapid...

INSIDER Product: Electronics & Computers
Open-Frame Panel PC

WinSystems (Arlington, TX) introduced a 12.1-inch open-frame, color flat panel PC and 1.66GHz single board computer (SBC) based on the Intel® Atom™ processor. The PPC3-12 panel PC is a compact, ready-to-mount flat...

Question of the Week
Do you believe that geoengineering efforts, like ocean fertilization processes, are valuable tactics that will reduce global warming?

An international team of scientists has published the results of a 2004 experiment to fertilize oceans with iron. The ocean fertilization was an effort to reduce the carbon at the water’s surface and potentially...

News
NASA Successfully Tests Hypersonic Inflatable Heat Shield

Three years of their hard work plunged in the Atlantic Ocean on a Monday in July and a group of NASA engineers could not have been more thrilled.

They were part of the Inflatable Reentry Vehicle Experiment (IRVE-3) team that is working to develop an inflatable heat shield. The...

News
First Seabed Sonar to Measure Marine Energy Effect

FLOWBEC (Flow and Benthic Ecology 4D) is a National Oceanography Centre (NOC)-led project that brings together a consortium of UK researchers to investigate the effects of devices that harness tide and wave energy by monitoring environment and wildlife behavior at various test sites. The...

News
Improved Method for Detecting and Measuring Bridge Damage

Kansas State University researchers Hayder Rasheed, associate professor of civil engineering, and Yacoub Najjar, professor of civil engineering, are collaborating to better detect and measure damage in concrete bridges. The researchers have created a bridge health index - a rating system...

News
New Rapid Diagnostic Test for Pathogens and Contaminants

A University of Georgia research team has developed a single-step method to rapidly and accurately detect viruses, bacteria, and chemical contaminants. Yiping Zhao, professor of physics in the UGA Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, along with doctoral students Jing Chen and Justin...

News
'Mechanical Ray' Prototype Mimics Nature

Batoid rays, such as stingrays and manta rays, are fast and highly maneuverable, and can cruise for long distances in the open ocean. Engineers are now trying to emulate the seemingly effortless but powerful swimming motions of rays by engineering their own ray-like machine modeled on nature.

The team...

News
Motion Sensors Detect Horse Lameness Earlier Than Veterinarians

A University of Missouri equine veterinarian, Kevin Keegan, has developed a way to detect lameness in horses using a motion detection system called the “Lameness Locator.” It also detects lameness earlier than veterinarians using the traditional method of a subjective eye...

News
Muscle-Like Action Allows Camera to Mimic Human Eye Movement

Using piezoelectric materials, Georgia Tech researchers have replicated the muscle motion of the human eye to control camera systems in a way designed to improve the operation of robots. This new muscle-like action could help make robotic tools safer and more effective for MRI-guided...

Podcasts
Stephen Freeman, Vice President of International Business Development, Materion Corporation

Recently, NASA Tech Briefs spoke with Stephen Freeman, Vice President of International Business Development for Materion Corporation, which is the new name for advanced materials manufacturer Brush Engineered Materials and all of its businesses....

News
New Coating Gives Slime the Slip

A team of Harvard scientists has developed a slick way to prevent the troublesome bacterial communities from ever forming on a surface.

The researchers used their recently developed technology, dubbed SLIPS (slippery-liquid-infused porous surfaces), to effectively create a hybrid surface that is smooth and...

Researchers from the University of Toronto (U of T) and King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) have made a breakthrough in the development of colloidal quantum dot...

Question of the Week
Would You Use a ‘SwingBot?’

Webcasts

On-Demand Webinars: Automotive

Metal Injection Molding’s Role in Automotive

Upcoming Webinars: Materials

Technical Ceramics: The Powerhouse of Advanced Materials

Upcoming Webinars: Software

PPAP Reviews Using AI and Machine Learning

Upcoming Webinars: Motion Control

Customizing Actuators Using COTS Drive Components for Martian...

Webinars: Robotics, Automation & Control

2020 Create the Future Contest Awards

Upcoming Webinars: RF & Microwave Electronics

Advancement of Spectrum Analysis Techniques for Tracking,...

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