July 2013

Products: Photonics/Optics
Laser Cutting System

The new CL-400 CO2 laser cutting system from Cincinnati Incorporated (Harrison, OH) uses the water-cooled, high-speed linear motor drives pioneered by Cincinnati, and the same powerful HMI touchscreen control and nesting...

Products: Photonics/Optics
10 to 1000eV Spectrometer

The new McPherson (Chelmsford, MA) Model 248/310 spectrometer can easily make spectral measurements around 13 nanometers and throughout the extreme vacuum ultraviolet and soft x-ray wavelength region. It is ideal...

The LJ-V7000 Series High-Speed Laser Scanner from Keyence (Itasca, IL) offers a wide range of heads that provide scan areas as wide as 9.45 inches (240 mm) and Z-axis repeatability as high as 20 millionths of an...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Optical Fiber

Polymicro Technologies (Lisle, IL) has successfully developed a broad spectrum optical fiber with a low -OH pure silica core that demonstrates significantly reduced content of UV defects and other UV absorption centers....

Products: Photonics/Optics
Fast Axis Collimators

Edmund Optics (EO) (Barrington, NJ) has introduced new fast axis collimators. These versatile lenses are designed for beam shaping or laser diode collimation applications. Fast Axis Collimators are compact, high...

Products: Photonics/Optics
45W UV Laser

Spectra-Physics® (Santa Clara, CA), a Newport Corporation brand, recently introduced Quasar 355-45, a UV laser that delivers >45W (225 μJ) at exceptionally high repetition rates. The laser features TimeShift™ technology for...

Techs for License
Safety Glass Offers Near-Infrared Heat Reflection

New safety glass technology reflects 50% of solar radiation and transmits 70% of visible light. A non-micellar twisted nematic liquid crystal features cholesteric near-infraredreflecting properties, along with at least one near-infrared absorptive material. The composition can be used as a layer...

Techs for License
Microwave System Accelerates Concrete Curing

A Microwave Irradiated Pyrogen (MIP) system speeds up the concrete curing process. The use of a microwave allows the technology to operate in cold weather. Because the MIP accelerates the heating point, colder countries like Russia and Canada can use the curing system to build roads, tunnels, and...

Tech Needs
Industrial-Scale Gas Separation

A company has a process stream made up of a variety of gases and molecules. They seek effective industrial-scale technologies that separate methane from other hydrocarbons in the stream, as well as from lighter and heavier molecules. The large-scale gas streams must be separated into their constituent molecules at...

Tech Needs
Low-Water Cleaning

The manufacturing of consumer products, foods, and pharmaceuticals requires the implementation of stringent cleaning requirements of all batch, semi-continuous, and continuous processes equipment. High standards of hygienic quality must be maintained, and the cleaning process must ensure that there is no cross-contamination of...

Dr. Lora Koenig, an expert in remote sensing of ice sheets and snow, provided scientific input for the design of the Goddard Remotely Operated Vehicle for Exploration and...

More than two decades ago, NASA started looking for a new way to keep astronauts comfortable in their space gloves. During a spacewalk, temperatures can range between 250 °F and -250 °F. One...

From the high-resolution glow of flat screen televisions to light bulbs that last for years, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) continue to transform technology. The celebrated...

In a process comparable to squeezing an elephant through a pinhole, researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have designed a way to engineer atoms capable of...

LED tube lights, designed as replacements for T8/T10/T12 fluorescent bulbs, represent a significant portion of the growing commercial LED lighting market. According to the United States...

Articles: Lighting
Adhesives for Optoelectronics

The beginning of the 21st century finds optoelectronics being one of the key disciplines on technological development. Substantial progress in computer technology, communication, imaging, illumination...

Recently Penn State researchers working with the Army Research Office showed that tungstenite, or WS2, formed from layers of sulfur and tungsten atoms, has...

Ming Ma, a doctoral student in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has developed a new method to...

As demand for computing and communication capacity surges, the global communication infrastructure struggles to keep pace. The problem is that light signals...

Fulfilling the brainchild of Ben Davis, chairman of Illuminate the Arts (ITA) and the vision of acclaimed artist Leo Villareal, The Bay Lights, a new LED lighting system that was...

Libelium recently announced the availability of a new smart lighting solution for Smart Cities deployments based on the modular Waspmote Plug & Sense! wireless sensor...

Streetlights illuminate the night, shining upon roadways and sidewalks across the world, but these ubiquitous elements of the urban environment are notoriously inefficient and major...

Products: Lighting
LED Downlight Dimming Driver

Lutron Electronics (Cooper sburg, PA) is introducing a higher power LED driver that significantly expands the capabilities of its A-Series driver family. The new 50W Hi-lume® A-Series LED driver is designed for...

Products: Lighting
35W T5 LED Driver

Thomas Research Products (Huntley, IL) has introduced a line of 35W LED drivers that feature form factor matching T5 fluorescent ballasts. These 35W drivers are an expansion of TRP's standard LED series. Input voltage...

Products: Lighting
Mid-Power LED Package

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Seoul, Korea) has begun producing a new lineup of middlepower LED packages with 160lm/W light efficacy, for use in a wide variety of LED lighting applications including LED tubes, LED...

Products: Lighting
120/240 VAC Panel Mount LEDs

Wilbrecht LEDCO (St. Paul, MN), has introduced new bipolar LEDs. The pre-wired assembly of a red, green or yellow bipolar LED and a resistor will work directly off a 120 VAC or 240 VAC line as a LED power...

Products: Lighting
LED Lighting Units

The LF2B series of LED lighting units from IDEC (Sunnyvale, CA) is available in a universal 100-240V AC input, making it suitable for use anywhere in the world. And the LF2B LUMIFA series does not produce a flicker-affect...

Products: Lighting
Universal Lighting Controller

ST Microelectronics (Geneva, Switzerland) has introduced the STLUX385 (Masterlux™ platform), the world’s first programmable digital controller specifically optimized for lighting and power-supply...

Products: Lighting
LED-Downlight Reference Design

Power Integrations (San Jose, CA) recently introduced the RDR-347, an LED-downlight reference design. The new circuit demonstrates the capabilities of the recently launched LYTSwitch™ IC family, which offers...

Products: Lighting
Dual Color LED Light Bar

Larson Electronics (Kemp, TX) has announced the release of a high power LED light bar designed to provide blue or white light output.

Products: Lighting
Buck LED Controller IC

Alpha and Omega Semiconductor Limited (AOS) (Sunnyvale, CA) has released the AOZ1948, a single channel buck LED controller that features LED dimming resolution with full linearity from 100% to 1%. The device is able to...

Green Watt Power, a division of Calex Mfg. Co. (Concord, CA), recently introduced the GLV-24-150, a constant voltage LED power supply with a universal AC input range, 100 - 277 VAC. The GLV-24-150 has an...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Dielectrophoresis-Based Particle Sensor Using Nanoelectrode Arrays

A method has been developed for concentrating, or partly separating, particles of a selected species from a liquid or gas containing these particles, and flowing in a channel. An example of this is to promote an accumulation (and thus concentration) of the selected particle...

News
Soft, Clothing-Like Exosuit for Walking Assistance

Exoskeletons often fail to allow the wearer to perform natural joint movements, and are also generally heavy, which causes fatigue. For applications where a person only needs partial gait assistance from a robot, researchers from Harvard University's Wyss Institute researchers are pursuing the...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Global Shutter Imaging

In order to deliver crisp images in high-speed machine vision applications, image sensors require high-speed shuttering ability. The industry has traditionally relied on charge-coupled device (CCD) image sensors using...

Briefs: Software
ULTRA: Underwater Localization for Transit and Reconnaissance Autonomy

This software addresses the issue of underwater localization of unmanned vehicles and the inherent drift in their onboard sensors. The software gives a 2 to 3 factor of improvement over the state-of-the-art underwater localization algorithms.

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Multi-Dimensional Damage Detection for Surfaces and Structures

Current designs for inflatable or semirigidized structures for habitats and space applications use a multiple-layer construction, alternating thin layers with thicker, stronger layers, which produces a layered composite structure that is much better at resisting damage. Even though...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Autonomous Cryogenic Leak Detector for Improving Launch Site Operations

NASA, military, and commercial satellite users need launch services that are highly reliable, less complex, easier to test, and cost effective. This project has developed a tapered optical fiber sensor for detecting hydrogen. The invention involves incorporating chemical...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Submillimeter Planetary Atmospheric Chemistry Exploration Sounder

A report describes the Submillimeter Planetary Atmospheric Chemistry Exploration Sounder (SPACES), a highsensitivity laboratory breadboard for a spectrometer targeted at orbital planetary atmospheric analysis. The frequency range is 520 to 590 GHz, with a target noise temperature...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Silicon Micromachined Microlens Array for THz Antennas

A 5×5 silicon microlens array was developed using a silicon micromachining technique for a silicon-based THz antenna array. The feature of the silicon micromachining technique enables...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Method for Reduction of Silver Biocide Plating on Metal Surfaces

Silver ions in aqueous solutions (0.05 to 1 ppm) are used for microbial control in water systems. The silver ions remain in solution when stored in plastic containers, but the concentration rapidly decreases to non-biocidal levels when stored in metal containers. The silver...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Forward-Looking IED Detector Ground Penetrating Radar

There have been many developments of mine or metal detectors based on ground penetrating radar techniques, usually in handheld or rover-mounted devices. In most mine or metal detector applications, conditions are in a stationary mode and detection speed is not an important factor.

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Battery Charge Equalizer with Transformer Array

High-power batteries generally consist of a series connection of many cells or cell banks. In order to maintain high performance over battery life, it is desirable to keep the state of charge of all the cell banks equal. A method provides individual charging for battery cells in a large,...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
An Efficient, Highly Flexible Multi-Channel Digital Downconverter Architecture

In this innovation, a digital downconverter has been created that produces a large (16 or greater) number of output channels of smaller bandwidths. Additionally, this design has the flexibility to tune each channel independently to anywhere in the input bandwidth to...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Fully Printed, Flexible, Phased Array Antenna for Lunar Surface Communication

NASA’s future exploration missions focus on the manned exploration of the Moon, Mars, and beyond, which will rely heavily on the development of a reliable communications infrastructure from planetary surface-to-surface, surface-to-orbit, and back to Earth. Flexible...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Dimmable Electronic Ballast for a Gas Discharge Lamp

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is the most efficient photocatalyst for organic oxidative degradation. TiO2 is effective not only in aqueous solution, but also in nonaqueous solvents and in the gas phase. It is photostable, biologically and chemically inert, and non-toxic....

Muon tomography has been used to seek hidden chambers in Egyptian pyramids and image subsurface features in volcanoes. It seemed likely that...

Briefs: Materials
Conductive Carbon Nanotube Inks for Use with Desktop Inkjet Printing Technology

Inkjet printing is a common commercial process. In addition to the familiar use in printing documents from computers, it is also used in some industrial applications. For example, wire manufacturers are required by law to print the wire type, gauge, and safety...

Briefs: Materials
Enhanced Schapery Theory Software Development for Modeling Failure of Fiber-Reinforced Laminates

Progressive damage and failure analysis (PDFA) tools are needed to predict the nonlinear response of advanced fiber-reinforced composite structures. Predictive tools should incorporate the underlying physics of the damage and failure mechanisms...

Briefs: Materials
High-Performance, Low-Temperature-Operating, Long-Lifetime Aerospace Lubricants

The synthesis and characterization of six new ionic liquids, with fluoroether moeties on the imidazolium ring, each with vapor pressures shown to be

Briefs: Materials
Carbon Nanotube Microarrays Grown on Nanoflake Substrates

This innovation consists of a new composition of matter where single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are grown in aligned arrays from nanostructured flakes that are coated in Fe catalyst. This method of growth of aligned SWNTs, which can yield well over 400 percent SWNT mass per unit...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Microgravity Drill and Anchor System

This work is a method to drill into a rock surface regardless of the gravitational field or orientation. The required weight-on-bit (WOB) is supplied by a self-contained anchoring mechanism. The system...

Shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators provide the highest force-to-weight ratio of any known actuator. They can be designed for a wide variety of form factors from flat, thin packages,...

A complete, tested, and tunable shock and vibration suppression device is composed of statically compressed chains of spherical particles. The device superimposes a combination of...

In situ analysis of rock chemistry is a fundamental tool for exploration of planets. To meet this need, a high-spatial- resolution micro x-ray fluorescence (Micro-XRF) instrument...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Hydrogen-Enhanced Lunar Oxygen Extraction and Storage Using Only Solar Power

The innovation consists of a thermodynamic system for extracting in situ oxygen vapor from lunar regolith using a solar photovoltaic power source in a reactor, a method for thermally insulating the reactor, a method for protecting the reactor internal components from...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Miniaturized, High-Speed, Modulated X-Ray Source

A low-cost, miniature x-ray source has been developed that can be modulated in intensity from completely off to full intensity on nanosecond timescales. This modulated x-ray source (MXS) has no filaments and is extremely rugged. The energy level of the MXS is adjustable from 0 to more than 100...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Uplift of Ionospheric Oxygen Ions During Extreme Magnetic Storms

Research reported earlier in literature was conducted relating to estimation of the ionospheric electrical field, which may have occurred during the September 1859 Carrington geomagnetic storm event, with regard to modern-day consequences.

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Hollow-Fiber Spacesuit Water Membrane Evaporator

The hollow-fiber spacesuit water membrane evaporator (HoFi SWME) is being developed to perform the thermal control function for advanced spacesuits and spacecraft to take advantage of recent advances in micropore membrane technology in providing a robust, heat-rejection device that is less...

Briefs: Software
SynGenics Optimization System (SynOptSys)

The SynGenics Optimization System (SynOptSys) software application optimizes a product with respect to multiple, competing criteria using statistical Design of Experiments, Response-Surface Methodology, and the Desirability Optimization Methodology. The user is not required to be skilled in the...

Briefs: Software
CFD Script for Rapid TPS Damage Assessment

This grid generation script creates unstructured CFD grids for rapid thermal protection system (TPS) damage aeroheating assessments. The existing manual solution is cumbersome, open to errors, and slow.

Briefs: Information Technology
radEq Add-On Module for CFD Solver Loci-CHEM

The radEq software module allows Loci-CHEM to be applied to flow velocities where surface radiation due to heating from compression and friction becomes significant. The module adds a radiation equilibrium boundary condition to the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code to produce accurate results....

Briefs: Software
Science Opportunity Analyzer (SOA) Version 8

SOA allows scientists to plan spacecraft observations. It facilitates the identification of geometrically interesting times in a spacecraft’s orbit that a user can use to plan observations or instrument-driven spacecraft maneuvers. These observations can then be visualized multiple ways in both two-...

Briefs: Software
Autonomous Byte Stream Randomizer

Net-centric networking environments are often faced with limited resources and must utilize bandwidth as efficiently as possible. In networking environments that span wide areas, the data transmission has to be efficient without any redundant or exuberant metadata.

Briefs: Information Technology
Risk-Constrained Dynamic Programming for Optimal Mars Entry, Descent, and Landing

A chance-constrained dynamic programming algorithm was developed that is capable of making optimal sequential decisions within a user-specified risk bound. This work handles stochastic uncertainties over multiple stages in the CEMAT (Combined EDL-Mobility Analyses...

Briefs: Information Technology
Dynamic Server-Based KML Code Generator Method for Levelof-Detail Traversal of Geospatial Data

Geospatial data servers that support Web-based geospatial client applications such as Google Earth and NASA World Wind must listen to data requests, access appropriate stored data, and compile a data response to the requesting client application. This...

Briefs: Information Technology
Automated Planning of Science Products Based on Nadir Overflights and Alerts for Onboard and Ground Processing

A set of automated planning algorithms is the current operations baseline approach for the Intelligent Payload Module (IPM) of the proposed Hyper spectral Infrared Imager (HyspIRI) mission. For this operations concept, there are only...

Briefs: Information Technology
Distributed Engine Control Empirical/Analytical Verification Tools

NASA’s vision for an intelligent engine will be realized with the development of a truly distributed control system featuring highly reliable, modular, and dependable components capable of both surviving the harsh engine operating environment and decentralized functionality. A...

Podcasts
Lora Koenig, Glaciologist, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD

Dr. Lora Koenig, an expert in remote sensing of ice sheets and snow, provided scientific input for the design of the Goddard Remotely Operated Vehicle for Exploration and Research, or GROVER. The autonomous vehicle will rove through Summit, Greenland and monitor how much...

Articles: Information Technology
Network Interface Links Sensor-Web Instruments

NASA Airborne Science operates a fleet of aircraft in conjunction with orbiting satellites for Earth observations. In 2004, NASA started planning missions to employ constellations of instruments...

Articles: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensor-Web Experiments Advance Earth Science

NASA funds more atmospheric research by far than any other government agency or private concern internationally. More than 100 different instruments have been developed and flown in support of...

Application Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Thermal Management Technologies Keep Satellite Cool

NASA’s Landsat 8 Earth-observation satellite, part of the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM), launched into orbit on February 11, 2013. The satellite is intended to monitor...

Application Briefs: Test & Measurement
LIDAR System Enables Global Mapping of Carbon Sources

As a step toward taking active global measurements from space, ITT Exelis and NASA Langley Research Center completed a flight campaign that calculated carbon dioxide over various surfaces...

Briefs: Information Technology
Linked Autonomous Interplanetary Satellite Orbit Navigation

A navigation technology known as LiAISON (Linked Autonomous Interplanetary Satellite Orbit Navigation) has been known to produce very impressive navigation results for scenarios involving two or more cooperative satellites near the Moon, such that at least one satellite must be in an...

Briefs: Information Technology
Deepak Condenser Model (DeCoM)

Development of the DeCoM comes from the requirement of analyzing the performance of a condenser. A component of a loop heat pipe (LHP), the condenser, is interfaced with the radiator in order to reject heat. DeCoM simulates the condenser, with certain input parameters. Systems Improved Numerical Differencing...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Flight Software Math Library

The flight software (FSW) math library is a collection of reusable math components that provides typical math utilities required by spacecraft flight software. These utilities are intended to increase flight software quality reusability and maintainability by providing a set of consistent, well-documented, and tested...

Briefs: Information Technology
Scheduling Operations for Massive Heterogeneous Clusters

High-performance computing (HPC) programming has become increasingly difficult with the advent of hybrid supercomputers consisting of multicore CPUs and accelerator boards such as the GPU. Manual tuning of software to achieve high performance on this type of machine has been performed by...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Recirculating 1-K-Pot for Pulse-Tube Cryostats

A paper describes a 1-K-pot that works with a commercial pulse tube cooler for astrophysics instrumentation testbeds that require temperatures

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Method for Processing Lunar Regolith Using Microwaves

A paper describes a method of using microwave heating experiments on lunar simulants to determine the mechanism that causes lunar regolith to be such an excellent microwave absorber. The experiments initially compared the effects of sharp particle edges to round particle edges on the heating...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Wells for In Situ Extraction of Volatiles from Regolith (WIEVR)

A document discusses WIEVRs, a means to extract water ice more efficiently than previous approaches. This water may exist in subsurface deposits on the Moon, in many NEOs (Near- Earth Objects), and on Mars. The WIEVR approach utilizes heat from the Sun to vaporize subsurface ice;...

Briefs: Information Technology
Estimating the Backup Reaction Wheel Orientation Using Reaction Wheel Spin Rates Flight Telemetry from a Spacecraft

A report describes a model that estimates the orientation of the backup reaction wheel using the reaction wheel spin rates telemetry from a spacecraft. Attitude control via the reaction wheel assembly (RWA) onboard a spacecraft...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
High-Power Single-Mode 2.65-μm InGaAsSb/AlInGaAsSb Diode Lasers

Central to the advancement of both satellite and in-situ science are improvements in continuous-wave and pulsed infrared laser systems coupled with integrated miniaturized optics and electronics, allowing for the use of powerful, single- mode light sources aboard both satellite and...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
A Hybrid Fiber/Solid-State Regenerative Amplifier with Tunable Pulse Widths for Satellite Laser Ranging

A fiber/solid-state hybrid seeded regenerative amplifier, capable of achieving high output energy with tunable pulse widths, has been developed for satellite laser ranging applications. The regenerative amplifier cavity uses a pair of Nd:YAG...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
X-Ray Diffractive Optics

X-ray optics were fabricated with the capability of imaging solar x-ray sources with better than 0.1 arcsecond angular resolution, over an order of magnitude finer than is currently possible.

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Optical Device for Converting a Laser Beam Into Two Co-aligned but Oppositely Directed Beams

Optical systems consisting of a series of optical elements require alignment from the input end to the output end. The optical elements can be mirrors, lenses, sources, detectors, or other devices. Complex optical systems are often difficult to align...

Features: Photonics/Optics
Using Vacuum Technology to Cool CCDs

Imagine a CCD camera operating on a long exposure and seeing only 1 electron per pixel every 16 minutes. That equates to dark current of less than 0.000001 electrons/pixel/sec. Imagine the same camera...

Application Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Using Adaptive Optics to Perform Deep-Tissue Cell Imaging

In biological imaging, the object of interest is not always in plain sight. This is especially true when performing microscopy of cells buried deep within tissues. The tissues...

News
Army Harnesses Sun And Wind To Reduce Sniper Casualties

The U.S. Army is harnessing the elements to help reduce casualties from sniper attacks on forward operating bases. The U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command's research laboratory and aviation missile and communications-electronics RD&E centers - the Army Research...

News
Blue Force Tracking System Provides Two-Way Situational Awareness

For the first time on the battlefield, maneuver and logistics forces will share situational awareness and messaging, forming a complete and seamless operational picture. The new capability, delivered by integrating the vehicle-based Movement Tracking System (MTS) into the Army's...

News
Tracking Moving People Through Walls Using Wi-Fi Signals

Fadel Adib and Dina Katabi of MIT have developed Wi-Vi, a new technology that can track moving people through walls and behind closed doors using Wi-Fi signals. It can determine with high accuracy up to three moving objects.

News
Apache Helicopters Get New “Eyes”

The Army is incorporating a new sensor capability into its Apache helicopters. The Apache Sensors Product Office has accepted delivery of the new Modernized Day Sensor Assembly (M-DSA) Laser Rangefinder Designator (LRFD), the first component to be fielded in the Modernized Day Sensor Assembly. The laser...

Question of the Week
Is Twitter More Valuable Than Newswires?

A University of Edinburgh study, supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, found that news agencies continue to have an edge over Twitter in breaking news first. Over an 11-week period, researchers compared millions of tweets to the output from major news websites. The study...

News
Prototype Harnesses Energy from Ocean Currents

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), within the framework of PROCODAC-GESMEY project, have participated in the construction of the prototype of a device to harness energy from ocean currents.

News
Network of Cameras Tracks People in Complex Indoor Settings

Carnegie Mellon University has developed a method for tracking the locations of multiple individuals in complex, indoor settings using a network of video cameras. The method was able to automatically follow the movements of 13 people within a nursing home, even though individuals...

News
New System Transforms Communications for Airline Pilots

Under the leadership of the German Aerospace Center, a new system that will lead pilots into the digital world of the 21st century has been tested in flight trials. A single device transmits communications with the ground and via satellite, digitally at high speed. Detailed information,...

News
NASA’s Polar Rover Passes First Greenland Test

Defying 30 mph gusts and temperatures down to -22 °F, NASA’s new polar rover recently demonstrated that it could operate completely autonomously in one of Earth’s harshest environments.

News
Researchers Create Lighter, Stronger Metallic 'Bubble Wrap'

Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new metallic bubble wrap that is lighter, stronger and more flexible than sheet metal and more heat- and chemical-resistant than plastic or other polymer-based bubble wraps. Potential applications include automobile body...

News
Cry Analyzer Seeks Clues to Babies’ Health

A team of researchers from Brown University and Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island has developed a new computer-based tool to perform finely tuned acoustic analyses of babies’ cries. The team hopes their baby cry analyzer will lead to new ways for researchers and clinicians to use cry in...

News
Building More Sustainable Aircraft with Analysis Software

By the year 2020, the European aviation industry wants to reduce emissions of gases harmful to the climate – carbon dioxide by 50 percent and nitrogen oxide by 80 percent – and also improve the lifecycles of the aircrafts themselves. “Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)” is the term...

News
Simulation Helps Solve Mysteries of Water

Simulation Helps Solve Mysteries of Water A research team from the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center achieved a major breakthrough in the modeling of water that could shed light on its mysterious properties.

News
Software Helps Army Analyze Weapon Performance

Military analysts now have a tool that brings together unprecedented modeling and simulation features to help them better choose, or build weapons to overpower future threats. Such features allow military researchers to analyze, for example, how a grenade, artillery round or any other weapon...

Question of the Week
Do You Believe Humanoid Robots Can Effectively Aid Humans with Difficult and Dangerous Tasks?

A Pentagon-financed humanoid robot named Atlas made its debut last week. The hydraulically-powered robot, with its oversized chest and powerful long arms, is seen as a new tool that can help humans in natural and man-made disasters. Similarly, an...

News
Researchers Build 3D Structures from Liquid Metal

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed three-dimensional (3D) printing technology and techniques to create free-standing structures made of liquid metal at room temperature.

News
Researchers Move Closer to Implantable Electronics

New technology under development at The Ohio State University is paving the way for low-cost electronic devices that work in direct contact with living tissue inside the body. The first planned use of the technology is a sensor that will detect the very early stages of organ transplant...

News
Brain-Computer Interfaces Offer Hope For Paralysis Victims

Small electrodes placed on or inside the brain allow patients to interact with computers or control robotic limbs simply by thinking about how to execute those actions. This technology could improve communication and daily life for a person who is paralyzed or has lost the ability to...

Water is one of the most crucial provisions an astronaut will need to live and work in space. Whether orbiting Earth, working at a lunar base, or traveling to Mars, astronauts...

News
Repairing Turbines With Robots

The blades in compressors and turbines are subject to particularly high levels of stress and strain. The job of the blades is to convert fluid energy into mechanical energy. They ensure that aircraft engines generate the required thrust and that power plant generators produce sufficient electricity.

News
Researchers Use Thermocell to Harvest 'Waste Heat'

A small team of Monash University researchers working under the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES) has developed an ionic liquid-based thermocell.

News
Supercomputers Help Microfluidics Researchers Make Waves

In May 2013, researchers from UCLA, Iowa State and Princeton found a new way of sculpting tailor-made fluid flows by placing tiny pillars in microfluidic channels. By altering the speed of the fluid and stacking many pillars with different widths, placements, and orientations in the...

News
Understanding Dark Lightning Radiation Could Protect Crew and Passengers

Scientists now know that thunderstorms, working as powerful natural terrestrial particle accelerators, produce intense flashes of ionizing radiation called "dark lightning." To further their understanding of this phenomenon, researchers at the U.S. Naval Research...

News
Modular Plane Provides Glimpse of Tomorrow’s Aircraft

The Clip-Air project envisions an airplane consisting of a single flying wing onto which capsules carrying passengers or freight can be attached. More than a new type of flying device, its innovative concept could revolutionize the airports of the future. Go to the train station to take the...

News
Energy Department, Navy, and Industry Join to Make Jet Fuel from Switchgrass

The Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is partnering with Cobalt Technologies, U.S. Navy, and Show Me Energy Cooperative to demonstrate that jet fuel can be made economically and in large quantities from a renewable biomass feedstock such...

Question of the Week
Will You Ever Make Payments Using Facial Recognition Technology?

Technologies like Google Wallet allow users to walk into a store and pay for goods with the swipe of a smartphone. Now, some companies, including the Finland-based startup Unqul, are creating payment systems that use facial recognition to handle all kinds of transactions. Instead...

News
NASA Engineer Advances Nanotechnology for Tiny Satellites

A NASA engineer has achieved a milestone in his quest to advance an emerging super-black nanotechnology that promises to make spacecraft instruments more sensitive without enlarging their size.

News
Computer-Designed Algorithms Control Network Congestion

TCP, the transmission control protocol, is one of the core protocols governing the Internet. One of TCP’s main functions is to prevent network congestion by regulating the rate at which computers send data.

At the annual conference of the Association for Computing Machinery’s Special...

News
Paper-Thin E-Skin Responds to Touch

A UC Berkeley research team led by Ali Javey, associate professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences, has created the first user-interactive sensor network on flexible plastic. The new electronic skin, or e-skin, responds to touch by instantly lighting up. The more intense the pressure, the...

News
Imaging Method Makes Nanoscale Measurements of Plasmonic Materials

Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials — the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the interaction of...

News
Measuring Drivers’ Brain and Eye Activity Could Lead to Fewer Accidents

Latest advances in capturing data on brain activity and eye movement are being combined develop a system that can detect when drivers are in danger of falling asleep at the wheel. The technique combines high-speed eye tracking that records eye movements in unprecedented...

Question of the Week
Will We Travel Faster Than the Speed of Light?

NASA engineers at Johnson Space Center have been designing instruments to slightly warp the trajectory of a photon, changing the distance it travels in a certain area, and then observing the change with an interferometer. The team is experimenting with photons to see if warp drive — traveling...

News
Researchers Generate Invisible Tag for 3D-Printed Objects

The same 3D printing process used to produce an object can simultaneously generate an internal, invisible tag, say scientists at Carnegie Mellon University and Microsoft Research.

Lantronix, Irvine, CA, has introduced the Lantronix® xSenso™ Controller with analog and relay outputs that control industrial processes and equipment based on the sensor readings...

News
NASA Uses GPS Signals to Measure Hurricane Winds

By figuring out how messed up GPS satellite signals get when bouncing around in a storm, NASA Langley researchers have found a way to do something completely different with GPS: measure and map the wind speeds of hurricanes.

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