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Scientists Launch Advanced Crowd Simulation and Evacuation Software

Scientists at the University of Greenwich (UK) have released the next generation of buildingEXODUS evacuation and crowd simulation software, already one of the world’s leading design tools for simulating evacuations of people from buildings in both normal and emergency...

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Simulations Slice an Electron in Half

No matter how high the energy, electrons won't break apart. But that doesn't mean they are indestructible. Using several massive supercomputers, a team of physicists has split a simulated electron perfectly in half. In the simulations, physicists from Duke University, the University of Zurich, and the...

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Human Surrogate Head Model Tests Brain's Response to Blast

Today, nearly 80% of all combat injuries to U.S. service personnel are the result of explosive weapon blasts (such as those created by improvised explosive devices, or IEDs), and one-quarter of those injuries involve head trauma. In particular, IED exposure has led to a large increase in...

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New Test Method Uses Mass Spectrometry to Detect Staph Infections

Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have developed a new laboratory test that can rapidly identify the bacterium responsible for staph infections. This new test takes advantage of unique isotopic labeling...

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Researchers Use Magnetism to Create Nanometer Data Storage Unit

Scientists from IBM and the German Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) have built the world's smallest magnetic data storage unit. It uses twelve atoms per bit, the basic unit of information, and squeezes a byte (8 bit) into as few as 96 atoms.

For the first time, the...

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'Nanoears' Detect Tiny Acoustic Vibrations

Physi­cists at the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM) have managed to detect sound waves at minuscule length scales. Their nanoear is a single gold nanoparticle that is kept in a state of levitation by a laser beam. Upon weak acoustic excitation the particle oscillates parallel to the direction of...

News: Green Design & Manufacturing

Researchers with the UK's Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) Sustainable Bioenergy Center (BSBEC) have discovered a family of genes that could help breed...

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Biological Coating Stops the Bleeding

MIT engineers have developed a nanoscale biological coating that can halt bleeding nearly instantaneously, an advance that could dramatically improve survival rates for soldiers injured in battle.

The researchers, led by Paula Hammond and funded by MIT’s Institute of Soldier Nanotechnologies and a...

News: Energy
Researchers Design Batteries that Self-Repair

A team of researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are exploring ways to design batteries that heal themselves when damaged.

The idea is to station tiny microspheres, each smaller than a single red...

Question of the Week
Will there be mass acceptance of the electric and hybrid vehicles before 2025?

Despite uncertainty, automakers are still making a big push for electric vehicles in 2012. Ford, for example, will have five such cars by the end the year, including the 2013 Ford Fusion hybrid and 2013 Ford Fusion Energi plug-in electric, which were both shown at...

News: Energy

A new superconducting current limiter based on YBCO strip conductors has been installed at a power plant. At the Boxberg power plant of the Swedish company Vattenfall, the current limiter protects the grid...

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Next-Generation Helicopter Boasts Cutting-Edge Sensors and Electronics

The Army-led science and technology Joint Multi-Role (JMR) Demonstrator effort to design a next-generation vertical-lift aircraft by 2030 is heavily focused on leveraging advanced electronic and avionics capabilities. Sensors, electronics, avionics and cutting-edge mission...

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Improved Turbine Simulation Software Could Yield Better Engines

Dr. Jen-Ping Chen, associate professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at The Ohio State University, is working to improve the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software that engineers use to simulate and evaluate the operation of turbomachinery. Chen was the chief...

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Electronic Flight Bags Could Boost Air Crew Safety and Effectiveness

Improved safety, operational effectiveness and efficiency are a few reasons Air Force Air Mobility Command (AMC) officials are looking into using tablet devices such as electronic flight bags (EFBs) for aircrew members’ reference materials in the cockpit during in-flight...

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Simulation Model Tests Shale Gas Reservoirs

A University of Oklahoma interdisciplinary research team will field test a newly developed ‘quad porosity model’ for shale gas reservoirs in the next few months. The three-year, $1.5 million project was funded by the Research for Partnership to Secure Energy for America and a consortium of nine...

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Theorists Quantify Graphene Friction

Graphene, a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon, slows down an object sliding across its surface. New software from the National Institute of Standards and Technologies (NIST) simulates the tip of an atomic force microscope moving across a stack of graphene sheets. Research using this software indicates that...

News: Software

There are only a handful of concentrated solar power (CSP) plants in the world. The technology could potentially generate enough renewable energy to power the entire U.S.,...

Briefs: Green Design & Manufacturing
Sustainable Remediation Software Tool Evaluation

To advance the acceptance and incorporation of sustainable remediation metrics into the larger body of remedial work, the Center for Sustainable Groundwater and Soil Solutions (CSGSS) within the Savannah River National Laboratory (SNRL) created the Sustainable Remediation Initiative (SRI).

Question of the Week
Do the benefits of hydraulic fracturing outweigh the risks?

According to a seismologist investigating regional earthquakes, a northeast Ohio well used to dispose of wastewater from oil and gas drilling almost certainly caused a series of 11 minor quakes. Some environmentalists are already critical of the drilling method known as hydraulic...

News: Energy

A new geospatial application developed by the DOE’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) allows users to map potential renewable energy resources in the United States. The interactive tool is...

News: Green Design & Manufacturing
Pollution Reducer & Heat Generator

New technology from North Carolina State University and West Virginia University can reduce air pollutant emissions from some chicken and swine barns while also reducing their energy use by recovering and possibly generating heat. A proof-of-concept unit incorporates a biofilter and a heat exchanger to reduce...

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Leaping Lizards and DInosaurs Inspire Robot Design

Leaping lizards and agile dinosaurs may have used their tails as stabilizers, a technique that UC Berkeley biologists and researchers are studying in hopes of developing robots with increased capabilities.

The interdisciplinary team focused on testing the value of a tail. In the lab, lizards...

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Scientists Uncover Tunable Graphene Nanomaterials

Scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have usedthe capabilities of the Rensselaer Center for Nanotechnology Innovations (CCNI) supercomputer touncover the properties of a promising form of graphene, known as graphenenanowiggles. The graphitic nanoribbons can be segmented into several...

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Interactive Toolkit May Revolutionize Materials Research

An online toolkit developed at MIT and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been designed to make it easier for researchers to find materials with specific properties. The Web site, the Materials Project, allows users to explore an ever-growing database of more than 18,000...

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Navy Researchers Develop Autonomous Microrovers

Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory are looking into a novel approach that could some day aid scientific space and planetary research without the need for power-intense options often used today.

Integrating the NRL-developed technologies in microrobotics, microbial fuel cells,...

News: Electronics & Computers

An Office of Naval Research (ONR)-funded solar generator has recently entered full production, with several systems already in the field. The Ground Renewable Expeditionary ENergy System (GREENS) is a...

News: Energy

DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has granted Natcore Technology Inc. a patent license agreement to develop new black silicon products. Natcore and NREL also will enter a...

Articles: Software

In our annual poll of executives in the Design and PLM Software market, we asked our experts about topics ranging from mobile applications and CAD in the cloud, to improving productivity and enhancing the...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Energy-Based Tetrahedron Sensor for High-Temperature, High-Pressure Environments

An acoustic energy-based probe has been developed that incorporates multiple acoustic sensing elements in order to obtain the acoustic pressure and threedimensional acoustic particle velocity. With these quantities, the user can obtain various energy-based...

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