January 2016

As NASA plans launches to Mars, Europa, and beyond, the agency's Office of Planetary Protection ensures that the environments are shielded against...

Podcasts
Dr. Catherine A. Conley, Planetary Protection Officer, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC

As NASA plans launches to Mars, Europa, and beyond, the agency's Office of Planetary Protection ensures that the environments are shielded against contamination, especially bacteria and microbes from Earth. Dr. Catherine Conley oversees and audits the...

Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) causes almost 100 deaths each year in the United States. Although warning systems have virtually eliminated CFIT for...

New technology combines the benefits of non-contact linear position sensing with the programmability of a programmable controller in a relatively small sensor package. This...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Polarizing Sun Sensor

For a number of applications, the pointing direction towards the Sun must be known or measured. Con ventional Sun sensors determine the pointing direction towards the Sun while the Sun is in the field of view of the...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Three-Axis Sun Sensor for Attitude Determination

A conventional Sun sensor determines the orientation of the Sun in two axes. If mounted on Earth in a known coordinate system, it can determine the azimuth and elevation of the Sun. When...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Venus Heat Flux Sensor

A sensor element that consists of a thermally resistive layer made of nand p-type semiconductor elements amplifies the temperature gradient in the resistive layer that results from heat flow through the sensor. The thermoelectric array provides greater accuracy and sensitivity over a traditional thermopile arrangement for...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
RFID Waveguide, Antenna, and Cavity Sensors

Radio frequency identification (RFID) tags consist of an antenna and an integrated circuit. The antenna is typically the more costly of the two components, and, by far, the largest. As antenna size...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensor Planning Service for Submitting Requests to Task the EO-1

A Web interface framework has been developed that implements the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Planning Service (SPS) specification. The OGC defines the SPS to “provide information concerning content and encoding of the parameter data that has to be provided in order to...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Transparent and Ubiquitous Sensing Technology

Traditionally, sensor systems are considered independent systems that are separately designed, manufactured, and integrated into a target system such as an aircraft. In most cases, this is a complex and costly process including sensor design, installation, wiring, testing, and maintenance. The sensor...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Position Sensing and Formation Flying Using Optical Beacons

One way of imaging exoplanets around nearby stars is to use a starshade in conjunction with a space telescope. Typically, the starshade, which resembles a sunflower in outline, is ~ 30 meters in diameter. The starshade is flown about 50,000 km in front of the telescope, and when...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Multiple-Frequency-Band Software-Defined Radiometer

Remote sensing — the use of spacebased satellite technologies to obtain information on environmental variables — in combination with other types of data, can provide information on changes in the Earth’s surface and atmosphere that are critical for weather forecasting and responding to...

All-solid-state, room-temperature, multipixel, sub milli meter-wave re ceiv ers are in demand for efficient spatial mapping of a planet’s atmosphere composition and...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
FPGA Reconfiguration with Accelerated Bitstream Relocation

Partial bitstream relocation (PBR) on field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) is a technique to re-scale parallelism of accelerator architectures at run time and enhance fault tolerance. PBR techniques have focused on reading inactive bitstreams stored in memory, on-chip or off-chip,...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Real-Time LiDAR Signal Processing FPGA Modules

A scanning LiDAR, by its inherent nature, generates a great deal of raw digital data. To generate 3D imagery in real time, the data must be processed as quickly as possible. One method of discerning time-of-flight of a laser pulse for a LiDAR application is correlating a Gaussian pulse with a...

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Advanced, Ultra-Low-Loss, High-Frequency Package Module

As electronic circuits approach submillimeter wavelength frequencies (300 GHz) and higher, the traditional low-loss method of packaging electronic circuits in waveguide modules for guiding the signal requires more attention. The reasons are that circuits at higher frequencies have lower...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Miniature, Multi-Functional, Self-Braking Vehicle

A novel, miniature, low-mass vehicle has been created that is driven by piezoelectric stacks and a resonance structure. Preliminary tests on similar mechanisms that are used to transmit...

The probe and its mounting fixture are critical parts of the health monitoring of steam pipes. A high-temperature, piezoelectric transducer generates and receives ultrasonic...

Inspection of the International Space Station and other manmade objects in space is difficult because of the microgravity environment. Robots are a promising...

During any winding or unwinding action, a tether may experience unexpected changes in tension. For example, the load being wound could become stuck and stop...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Aluminum Gas Tungsten Arc Orbital Tube Welding

JPL has been hand-welding aluminum tubing for decades in support of flight programs and ground support equipment, including thermal plates and shrouds. This hand-welding process is time-consuming, cumbersome, difficult, and unreliable in terms of repeatability and success, which leads to leaks,...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Contact State Estimation for Multi-Finger Robot Hands Using Particle Filters

A method, using a particle filter, has been created for identifying the location, orientation, and shape of an object that a robot hand touches. An appropriate motion model has been defined that characterizes the motion of the robot hand as it moves relative to an...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Tendon-Driven Finger, Wrist, and Thumb Actuation System

The Robonaut 2 (R2) Dexterous Robot is the result of an effort to build a two-armed, ten-fingered humanoid robot torso capable of assembly work. This invention concerns a multi-fingered hand, and is composed of several parts. One is a tendon-driven, four-link, four-degree-of-freedom robotic...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Visual-Aided Inertial Navigation for Computationally Constrained Aerial Vehicles

Micro aerial vehicles (MAVs) are lightweight, highly dynamic vehicles with limited payload, sensing, and computation capabilities. There is significant interest to automate MAVs for military surveillance, reconnaissance, and search-and-rescue missions. The current...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Robotic Surgical Devices, Systems, and Related Methods

Various advancements have been made in the development of miniature in vivo surgical robots. These robots are designed to perform Laparoendo scopic Single-Site Surgery (LESS). After being inserted through a single incision, these robots can perform surgical procedures in a dexterous...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Ship Classification Using Gnostic Fields

There are many applications for Autonomous Seaborne Vessels (ASVs). The seaborne cargo shipping industry moves over 9 billion tons of cargo per year, is worth $375 billion, and is responsible for 90 percent of world trade. Autonomous cargo ships could reduce the operating expenses of cargo ships by 44%....

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Tension-Stiffened and Tendon-Actuated Space Manipulators

The Space Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) and Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) have proven the benefit of long-reach manipulators, with the reach of both manipulators in the l5-18-m class. Manipulators with greater reach provide many benefits. The SRMS’s limited...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
NASA Tensegrity Robotics Toolkit (NTRT)

Tensegrity robots have many unique properties useful for robots intended to operate in natural settings, yet the exploration of how to build and control such robots is just beginning. Many of their positive qualities, such as multipath force distribution, compliance, and their oscillatory nature, also make...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
RoboSimian Software System from the DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals

A software architecture to allow semi-autonomous mobile manipulation of highly dexterous robots under degraded communications was developed to enable remote operation of a mobile manipulation robot as a first responder in a disaster-response scenario. The software architecture...

Briefs: Aerospace
Station/Orbiter Multibody Berthing/Docking Analysis Tool (SOMBAT)

The main objective of this work was to develop a high-fidelity, nonlinear simulation of complex flexible structures with active control systems. A multibody system can consist of several flexible articulating components. The system can also have multiple control systems. The main...

Briefs: Aerospace
Flight Deck Predicted Weather Display and Decision Support Interface

This innovation is a suite of three methods built into a prototype flight deck navigation display interface that supports the display of predicted weather and weather avoidance decision-making. Currently, the interface uses weather objects derived from various convective...

Briefs: Aerospace
Timed Injection of Simulation Data via Redundant Network Ports in Time Triggered Ethernet (TTE) Systems

Vehicle-scale integration and test requires closed-loop simulation using full-scale avionics systems or even entire vehicles. Incorporation of simulation data into real systems is problematic because real system sensors report the real...

Briefs: Aerospace
Method of Performing Computational Aeroelastic Analyses

When designing aerodynamic structures, it is important to understand if, and under what aerodynamic conditions, the structure will be stable and unstable. This is especially true if a structure is inherently flexible, such as a wing, where unstable response leads to oscillations of the...

Briefs: Aerospace
Graphical Acoustic Liner Design and Analysis Tool

The Interactive Liner Impedance Analysis and Design (ILIAD) tool is a software package used to design the composite surface impedance of an acoustic liner using resonant channels. ILIAD’s graphical user interface allows the acoustic channel geometry to be drawn in the liner volume while the...

Briefs: Aerospace
Open Vehicle Sketch Pad

The conceptual aircraft designer is faced with a dilemma on how to strike the best balance between productivity and fidelity. Attempts have been made to use computer-aided design packages to fill this void, but their cost and steep learning curve have made them unwieldy at best. Open Vehicle Sketch Pad (OpenVSP.org) has...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Thermal Spraying of Coatings Using Resonant Pulsed Combustion

Thermal spray coating is not a new process. There are different techniques utilized that depend on the objective function of the coating, the environment to which the coated piece will be subjected, and the coating material used. In any application, quality is ultimately measured by...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Plasma Treatments to Assist Fluid Manipulation in Microgravity

A recent innovation has made manipulation of hazardous laboratory reagents in microgravity easier, thus enabling even more scientific research to be performed on the International Space Station (ISS). Prior to this innovation, moving fluids from container to container was performed...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Stencil-less Jet Printing for PCB Assembly

For many years, stencil printing has been the standard method of depositing solder paste on surface mount assembly printed circuit boards (PCBs). It has provided a durable method of applying solder...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
In-Situ Mixing, Degassing, Decavitation, and Extrusion Modules for Fused Deposition Modeling 3D Printers

Additively manufactured 3D articles of certain high-temperature polymer composites such as ULTEM 1000 reinforced with chopped carbon fibers and printed by current state-of-the-art Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) printers, suffer significantly...

Briefs: Information Technology
DRAT: A Distributed Release Audit Tool

DRAT software overcomes limitations inherent in the Apache Release Audit Tool (RAT), and also brings code auditing and open-source license analysis into the realm of Big Data by using scalable, open-source Apache technologies. Distributed RAT (DRAT) leverages Apache Tika to automatically detect and classify...

Briefs: Software
Graphical Input-Output Visualization Tool for DAVE-ML Models

Adopters of the AIAA/ANSI Standard S119, “Flight Dynamics Model Exchange Standard,” are required to deal with models encoded using DAVE-ML, an XML grammar. While examining the model via a text editor, the ability to visualize nonlinear mappings between input and output signals is...

Briefs: Software
Synchronization and Visualization of Arbitrary Streams (SAVORS)

The purpose of SAVORS is to supercharge the command-line tools already used by administrators with powerful visualizations that help them understand the output much more rapidly and with far greater scalability across systems. SAVORS not only supports the output of existing...

Briefs: Software
Using a Moderate Ionospheric Storm Detector to Improve WAAS Availability

The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) broadcasts information that allows users to bound the positioning error that arises from ionospheric delay of signals emitted by Global Positioning System satellites. A critical objective of WAAS is to make ionospheric grid delays...

Briefs: Software
JLAB Tracking Tool (JTRAK)

The JLAB Tracking Tool (JTRAK) is a Web-enabled database tool designed to automate the tracking of James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Integrated Ground Support System (IGSS) and Integrated Test Support System (ITSS) configured items. These configured items consist of IGSS and ITSS equipment and materials; hardware and...

Briefs: Information Technology
Orbital Mechanics Simulation Program for Educational Outreach

AJava software program was developed that provides a solar system simulation, demonstrating the application of calculus to understanding and modeling how the real universe operates. The program can be modified by the user to study various changes in physical properties, and software...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Thermal Cycle Qualification of Radiated Solar Arrays for 50 to 133 K Temperatures in Vacuum

Solar arrays (radiated or non-radiated) and other technologies are candidate materials for projects in JPL. Some of the projects need to qualify these potential technologies to cryogenic extreme temperatures (from 133 to 50 K or lower). Those technologies...

Briefs: Imaging
Downhole Regolith Interrogation with Helium-Assisted Drill and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

It is of great interest to the scientific community to have the ability to analyze drilled boreholes in situ on the surfaces of the Moon and Mars. The goal of this work was to design and fabricate a Downhole Regolith Interrogation with...

Optical indexing wheels, sometimes called “filter wheels,” are used to locate various optics or filters in a beam path to change the observational mode. Large wheels a half-meter in size...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Web-Based Search Service to Support Imaging Spectrometer Instrument Operations

Imaging spectrometers yield rich and informative data products, but interpreting them demands time and expertise. There is a continual need for new algorithms and methods for rapid firstdraft analyses to assist analysts during instrument operations. Intelligent data...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Hermetic Phototube Housing

This innovation is a hermetically sealed case or very small chamber. A photomultiplier tube (PMT) is mounted inside the chamber. The circuit board is also installed inside the chamber with appropriate feedthroughs for signals. An adapter/floating mount called the phototube to light pipe system mount (PLPSM) allows the...

Briefs: Imaging
Design, Fabrication, and Test of WFIRST/AFTA GRISM Assembly

This work originated with the Wide Field InfraRed Survey Telescope (WFIRST) slitless spectrometer design (GRISM assembly), which attempted to follow the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) method of employing a singleelement GRISM as a slitless spectroscope. However, WFIRST’s field of view...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Spinal Ultrasound Just-in-Time Training Tool

Back pain and injury are recognized risks that can affect the well-being and performance of crewmembers during missions, as well as their long-term health. Spine elongation is a documented effect of microgravity, back pain is a common occurrence in early flight, and the post-flight incidence of spinal...

Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Wide-Spectrum Organic Mass Spectrometer Using Far-Ultraviolet Ionization

Two-step laser desorption/photoionization mass spectrometry (L2MS) represents a powerful tool for the organic analysis of astromaterials. The technique has high sensitivity and requires little to no sample preparation.

Articles: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Products of Tomorrow: January 2016

The technologies NASA develops don’t just blast off into space. They also improve our lives here on Earth. Life-saving search-and-rescue tools, implantable medical devices, advances in commercial aircraft...

In 1964, NASA’s Electronics Research Center (ERC) opened in Massachusetts, serving to develop the space agency’s in-house expertise in electronics during...

Energid Technologies
Cambridge, MA
617-401-7090
www.energid.com

For obvious reasons, conditions on lunar and planetary surfaces can...

Brimrose Corporation of America
Sparks, MD
410-472-7070
www.brimrose.com

Brimrose is developing radiation detectors that can improve NASA’s...

In 2007, Dr. Hrayr Shahinian was looking for an engineering team to help him develop an endoscopic device suitable for brain surgery, and capable of both steering its lens and producing a...

Dewetron, Wakefield, RI, announced the TRIONet compact data acquisition system that accepts any two of the company’s multi-channel TRION series plug-in modules. The system connects to any Windows computer...

In mid-October, a NASA-developed software called AEGIS was uploaded to the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover. The AEGIS technology, winner of NASA’s 2011 Software of the Year award, will soon...

MultiWave Hybrid Technology* combines multiple laser beams with various wavelengths into a single coaxial laser beam. There are existing systems using two different laser wavelengths...

Application Briefs: Imaging
Manufacturing OLED Lighting

Organic Light Emitting Diode (“OLED”) lighting panels are thin planar area light sources that are naturally diffuse, low glare, high color rendering, cool to the touch, highly energy efficient and highly...

A new technology developed by researchers from The Langevin Institute (Paris, France) enables subsurface imaging of the finger. The “internal fingerprint,” according to the...

The SPIE Photonics West 2016 technical conference and exhibition returns to The Moscone Center in San Francisco, February 13-18, offering attendees the opportunity to explore the latest innovations in lasers,...

Products: Photonics/Optics
THz-TDS and THZ-FDS Imaging Systems

Terasense (San Jose, CA), in collaboration with Toptica Photonics (Victor, NY), has unveiled the first imaging cameras enhanced for time-domain and frequency-domain generation systems. The new cameras, developed for specific use in TDS and FDS systems, operate in the 50 GHz to 0.7 THz frequency range. Both...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Frame Grabbers

The FireBird 1xCLD-2PE4 Camera Link frame grabber from Active Silicon (Iver, UK) conforms to both 8-bit/10-tap and 10-bit/8-tap modes. The Gen2 ×4 PCIe bus sustains a 1.7Gbytes/s throughput. Capture is supported from two...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Design Software

Zemax (Kirkland, WA) has announced Optic Studio™ 15, the next version of their optical and illumination design software. OpticStudio 15 builds upon previous versions with new features including: ZOS-API.NET, a completely...

Pleora Technologies (Ottawa, Canada) has expanded its GigE Vision® IP core platform to include support for field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) from both Xilinx and Altera. Customers are currently...

Products: Imaging
Infrared Cameras

Xenics (Leuven, Belgium) offers the Cheetah-640-CL SWIR camera. The new 800-Hz version outputs 12-bit images via a standard CameraLink medium interface. A TE1-cooled sensor allows the Cheetah-640-CL to achieve low dark...

The new IS-LEDc from Siskiyou Corporation (Grants Pass, OR) is a turnkey, flexible dual wavelength excitation light source for optongenetics and other life science applications. Specifically, the...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Frame Grabbers

PICOLO HD cards from Euresys (San Juan Capistrano, CA) are compatible with SDI, HDMI, DVI, and analog video sources. Able to acquire high-definition color 1080p video signals from one HD camera in a PC environment, the Euresys...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Vision Sensors

Cognex Corporation (Natick, MA) has announced the In- Sight® 2000 vision sensor series. The In-Sight 2000 products include an integrated image-formation system consisting of field interchangeable lenses and a patent-pending...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Infrared Cameras

FLIR Systems (Wilsonville, OR) offers the FLIR 1030sc High Definition (HD) Longwave Infrared (LW-IR) camera. Designed to help researchers and scientists, the T1030sc detects temperature differences of less than 20 mK at 30...

JEOL USA (Peabody, MA) has introduced a new entry-level, high-performance Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope. The JSM- 7200F features ultrahigh spatial resolution of 1.6nm at 1.0kV and...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
USB 3.0 Cameras

IDS Imaging Development Systems GmbH (Obersulm, Germany/Boston, MA) has released its USB 3 uEye CP series, featuring sensors from Aptina and e2v. The 5 MP Aptina sensors in the UI-3480CP Rev. 2 (monochrome) or UI-3580CP Rev....

Products: Photonics/Optics
High-Speed Cameras

The CB120, a 4K camera from XIMEA (Münster, Germany/Golden, CO), uses a PCI Express® (PCIe®) interface and delivers 12-Megapixel images. With the help of fiber-optic cable, 130 frames per second is achieved over...

Products: Photonics/Optics
Scientific CMOS Cameras

The Photometrics Prime scientific CMOS camera from Photometrics (Tucson, AZ) enables signal restoration and feature detection for localization-based Super Resolution Microscopy. The 4.2-Megapixel Prime features an...

Products: Photonics/Optics
CMOS Cameras

New ace models from Basler (Ahrensburg, Germany/Exton, PA) feature Sony's IMX249 global shutter CMOS sensor. The cameras deliver 40 frames per second at 2.3 megapixel resolution. Additionally, the models are available with both...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Open Source Software

Bitplane (Belfast, Northern Ireland) announced that its proprietary IMS file format would become Open Source. The IMS file format is based on Hierarchical Data Format (HDF5), which is designed to work with huge multidimensional data and is optimized to allow extremely fast visualization of huge volume data. To facilitate...

Products: Imaging
Spectral Test Station

The McPherson (Chelmsford, MA) Spectral Test Station (STS) is for wavelength testing and calibration from LWIR to 200 nanometers and less. It is for sensor testing, process control, and calibration.

Products: Imaging
Area-Scan Cameras

JAI (Glostrup, Denmark/San Jose, CA) has expanded its Spark Series of industrial area-scan cameras with two new models: Spark SP-12000C-CXP4 and Spark SP- 12000M-CXP4 (color camera and monochrome camera, respectively).

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Product of the Month: January 2016

Dewetron, Wakefield, RI, announced the TRIONet compact data acquisition system that accepts any two of the company’s multi-channel TRION series plug-in modules. The system connects to any Windows computer...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
High-Temperature Epoxy

Formulated for potting, encapsulation, bonding, and sealing applications, Master Bond EP17HT-100 from Master Bond, Hackensack, NJ, is a single-part epoxy system designed to cure in 60-90 minutes at 200-220 °F. The...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Acrylate-Based Sealants

DELO, Windach, Germany, offers three flexible acrylate-based sealants that can withstand temperatures up to 150 °C, and reach final strength within seconds of curing. DELO-PHOTOBOND GE4009 is a purely light-curing...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Ceramic Adhesive

Ceramabond™ 571 high-temperature magnesium oxide-based ceramic adhesive from Aremco Products, Valley Cottage, NY, bonds thermocouples to high-temperature molybdenum-rhenium heater tubes for applications to 1760 ºC. The...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
High-Strength Epoxy

Epoxyset, Lincoln, RI, introduced SetWorx 60 toughened epoxy for high bond strength even at elevated temperatures. It provides electrical insulating properties for electronic applications. SetWorx 60 produces bonds to...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Solder Paste

Henkel Corporation, Rocky Hill, CT, introduced LOCTITE GC 3W water-washable solder paste with temperature stability at 26.5 °C for six months, and at 40 °C for one month. The material offers stencil life of more than eight...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Plastic Bonding Adhesive

Bond-IT 7050 activated epoxies from Cotronics Corp., Brooklyn, NY, adhere to most plastic surfaces, and bond combinations of dissimilar materials such as metals, ceramics, plastic, and glass. The adhesive is mixed,...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Pressure Transmitters

The OMEGA® PX51-IS/PXM51-IS Series of intrinsically safe pressure transmitters from OMEGA Engineering, Stamford, CT, is designed, tested, and FM-certified for hazardous locations. They offer an all stainless steel...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Shock Recorder

DTS, Seal Beach, CA, has introduced the TSR 6DXC shock recorder that incorporates built-in sensors in a small, rugged system for high shock and vibration data collection. The self-powered system can capture up to 2,000...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Data Analysis Software

OriginLab, Northampton, MA, released Origin® and OriginPro 2016 data analysis and graphing software that features Apps in Origin to add specific graphing and analysis functionality, a Color Chooser, Smart...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Welding Simulator

The Gleeble Welding Simulator from Dynamic Systems, Poestenkill, NY, provides a complete platform for welding simulations and testing capabilities, including weld HAZ simulation, crack susceptibility, and nil-strength...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Plastic Enclosures

OKW Enclosures, Bridgeville, PA, offers PACONNECT compact plastic enclosures for wired applications. The cases are offered in three sizes and consist of two case shells that are snapped together. Either end can be fitted...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Prototyping Platform

Avnet, Phoenix, AZ, released the ONIXVU440 flexible platform based on the Xilinx Virtex® UltraScaleTM XCVU440 FPGA. The board is designed for rapid prototyping and ASIC emulation of high-performance, highcomplexity...

Products: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Spring Connectors

Harwin, Salem, NH, offers Spring Contact Connectors including extended C and Positive Stop models in nine heights that maintain a positive force against a mating surface. They are available in different widths for a choice of spring contact forces, and offer “positive stop” to prevent damage caused by over-compression. They...

News: Data Acquisition
Remote-Controlled Robot Inspects Suspicious Packages

Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques (FHR) have created a sensor suite that will help emergency services more effectively detect improvised explosive devices. The system records the shape of suspicious packages and creates 3D images of their...

News: Materials
Researchers Test New Mars Spacesuits

To support Mars exploration, new spacesuits must protect astronauts, supply air and water, and be flexible enough to allow for small required tasks like the digging of samples. Engineers from the University of North Dakota are evaluating new spacesuit design at Kennedy Space Center.

Question of the Week
Will virtual reality help astronauts?

This week's Question: Former astronaut and current Dartmouth University physician Jay Buckey and his team have sent Oculus Rift headsets to Canadian Force Station Alert, a military station in Canada located 500 miles from the North Pole. The researchers will ultimately test whether exposure to nature through...

For the past year, NASA’s Ames Research Center and Nissan have been collaborating on the development of autonomous driving technologies that could one day be used in future consumer vehicles,...

Antibodies combat viruses and bacteria. They also attach themselves to cancer cells. Scientists are using this property to detect cancer cells in tissue samples. This polymer-based rapid test...

News: Energy
New Solar Material Releases Heat on Demand

A layer-by-layer film developed by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology could harvest sunlight and release heat on demand hours or days later.

News: Electronics & Computers
Researchers Use Rust to Improve 3D-Printing Process

A team of Northwestern researchers has created a new way to print three-dimensional metallic objects using rust and metal powders.

News: Robotics, Automation & Control
'Mini Force Fields' Power Microbots

Purdue researchers are using "mini force field technology" to independently control individual microrobots operating within groups.

Dr. Catharine A. Conley, Planetary Protection Officer, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC

As NASA plans launches to Mars, Europa, and beyond, the agency's Office of Planetary Protection ensures that...

Question of the Week
Would you prefer to fly in a hybrid aircraft?

This week's Question: Researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center are developing a hybrid plane that will, like a hybrid car, rely on both fossil fuels and electricity to power itself through the sky. The NASA engineers are looking at power systems that generate electricity in place of, or in...

Just as hybrid or turboelectric power has improved fuel efficiency in cars, boats and trains, aeronautical engineers are exploring how planes can be redesigned and configured...

Researchers have created a lightweight, but very strong, structural metal made of magnesium because it is a light metal with two-thirds the density of aluminum, is abundant...

Microphones strung together on an unmanned aircraft system runway were used to record the sounds of remotely piloted aircraft flying overhead as part of a NASA project to measure full-scale aircraft...

News: Robotics, Automation & Control
Soft Robot Fingers Collect Delicate Coral

Most deep sea robotic manipulators are constructed from hard materials that are not geared to collect fragile coral. Researchers at the Wyss Institute, Harvard Paulson School, and City University of New York have developed a soft robotic gripper that can safely handle delicate specimens, including...

Question of the Week
Will a brain modem become a reality?

This week's Question: The U.S. military’s Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) unveiled plans last week to develop a "brain modem." The implantable neural interface allows wearers to transmit data from their brains to external digital devices. DARPA's goal is to achieve this communications link...

Researchers are using a technology likened to "mini force fields" to independently control individual microrobots operating within groups, an advance aimed at using the tiny machines in areas...

Biological systems are known to convert energy generated from the evaporation of water confined within nanoscale compartments into muscle-like mechanical work in response to changes in...

The automotive and aeronautic industries often rely on shape optimization, an approach that uses modeling to create a framework for making devices as smooth and efficient as possible....

News: Materials
Scientists Print in 4D

Scientists at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have brought a fourth dimension to their microscale 3D printing technology.

News: Materials
Beetle-Inspired Patterning Prevents Frost

Taking a page from the beetle's playbook, Virginia Tech biomedical engineers created a way to control condensation and frost growth on airplane parts, condenser coils, and windshields.

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