Materials & Coatings

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on materials and coatings, from engineering experts at NASA and government, university, and commercial laboratories.

A stretchable system can harvest energy from human breathing and motion.
Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Method Tracks What Happens Inside Batteries
The method could be key to designing more efficient batteries for specific uses such as electric cars and airplanes.
This technology charges lithium batteries faster and reduces the risk of device explosions.
Briefs: Materials
Flexible, Thin-Film Battery

Computers or smartphones with folding screens, smart clothing, and wearable sensors all require an energy source, which is usually a lithium-ion battery. These are typically heavy and rigid, making them...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
3D Printing with Wood-Based Ink
By emulating the natural cellular architecture of wood, green products such as clothes, packaging, and furniture can be manufactured with unique properties.
This tool provides faster and more detailed composite damage simulation results.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Wafer-Scale Membrane Release Process
This process fabricates thin dielectric membranes with high mechanical yields.
A newly developed architected metamaterial has the ability to change shape in a tunable fashion.
The material could help protect both civilian and military personnel in earthquakes.
Briefs: Nanotechnology
Printable Chemical Nanosensor
This integrated nanosensor is printed on a daughter board using 3D printing techniques.

Rectennas convert electromagnetic fields at optical frequencies directly to electrical current. Optical rectennas operate by coupling light’s electromagnetic field to an...

Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
Technology Remedies 3D Printing’s “Weak Spot”
The technology welds adjacent 3D-printed layers more effectively, thereby increasing the reliability of the final part.
Ultra-thin and flexible metalenses could replace traditional camera lenses.
These nanomaterial strain sensors are ten times more sensitive when measuring minute movements compared to existing technology.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
4D Printing of Morphing Structures
A new method manufactures complex shapeshifters for soft robots and biomedical implants.
Applications include terahertz medical imaging and communications.
This rapid and cost-effective technique yields a uniform etched surface with 99.5 percent emissivity.
Briefs: Materials
Material for Wearable Biosensors
Electrospinning is used to make porous silicone that allows sweat to evaporate.
This system treats light-responsive disorders or deficits such as eating disorders, sleep problems, hormone-sensitive cancers, and cardiovascular disorders.
Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Linking Materials May Transform Robots Made of Robots
A new method of linking materials with unique mechanical properties could enable robots made of robots.
Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Wearable, Stretchable Gas Sensor
The stretchable sensor has applications in environmental monitoring and healthcare.
A smart fiber being tested on the International Space Station could be used to develop space dust telescopes and allow astronauts to feel through their pressurized suits.
Briefs: Photonics/Optics
Sensing Magnetic Fields
Applications include detection of explosives, navigation, and aerospace altitude sensing.
The material could enable cheaper and more environmentally friendly displays and large-area lighting.
A technique enables manufacturing of minuscule robots by interlocking multiple materials in a complex way.
This system can track the motion of the entire body with a small sensory network.
Briefs: Manufacturing & Prototyping
3D-Printed Composites for High-Temperature Uses
The polyimide composites have uses in aerospace, automotive, construction, electronics, mechanical systems, and industrial machinery.
This device for harnessing terahertz radiation might enable self-powering implants, cellphones, and other portable electronics.
The material, commonly found in house paint, can be used in a device to more efficiently process information.

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