Environment

KSC Weather Data Archive

The Spaceport Weather Data Archive provides a fully searchable database of weather data gathered at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Not only can the user easily retrieve data and download it, but the user can also view graphically the weather data on a map overlay. The data are updated every hour for certain instruments, and as frequently as every 5 minutes for others. Data is available 24/7 over a publicly accessible Web site. The data is used by researchers to validate launch commit constraint criteria, and to ensure safe operations at KSC. The site provides links to technical publications and other resources, and allows data to be downloaded for further investigation.

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BOPPERS: Autonomous Underwater Environmental Monitoring System

A device has been developed that is capable of relatively lengthy unattended operations and high sampling frequency of underwater environmental data anywhere in the world. The Bio-Optical Physical Pop-Up Environmental Reconnaissance System (BOPPERS) is housed in a trawl-resistant case that has been field-tested to 90 m.

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Electromagnetic Mop (EMop) for Oil Spill Cleanup

The spillage of oil into the environment is an ongoing concern. Marine oil spills draw much attention because the oil harms marine animals and floral life. Current methods to aid in cleaning up the oil include containment booms, oil skimmers, and dispersants. Chemical dispersants are a tradeoff between exposing coastal life to surface oil, and exposing aquatic life to dispersed oil. Traditional containment/diversion booms are very commonly used, but they alone cannot recover the oil. Additional machinery is necessary to aid in getting the oil out of the water. Other things such as large waves and wind can make the oil slip under or over the boom, causing it to become ineffective.

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Detecting Low-Level Harmful Substances in a Large Volume of Fluid

There are many applications requiring the detection and concentration of harmful substances in a fluid; for example, detecting the presence and concentration of a microbial pathogen in a source of drinking water such as a lake, reservoir, river, stream, storage tank, water main, or well. Some harmful substances may be difficult to detect using conventional methods at lower concentrations. Certain microbial pathogens may be harmful to human health at concentrations that are too low to accurately, reliably, and economically detect using conventional methods.

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Flood Impact Analysis Tool

NASA Langley resides in an area prone to tidal flooding. During events that were expected to lead to flooding, there were requests for maps showing the predicted flood level and what infrastructure may be impacted, as well as the magnitude of the impact. In order to assess the impact of storm surge tidal flooding, the Flood Impact Analysis Tool was developed to enhance the decision-making process with regard to storm preparation. The tool is based on ArcGIS software, and is Web-enabled to broadly disseminate the analysis capability. Using predictions from local weather sources such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), a range of scenarios can be displayed.

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Innovators Recognized for "Creating the Future"

The Create the Future Design Contest has helped stimulate and reward engineering innovation over the past 16 years, drawing more than 14,000 product designs from engineers, students, and entrepreneurs worldwide. Top prizes in the 2017 contest — including the Grand Prize and winning designs in seven categories — were awarded on November 10 in New York City.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Aviation, Batteries, Electronics & Computers, Energy, Renewable Energy, Solar Power, Environmental Monitoring, Green Design & Manufacturing, Greenhouse Gases, Remediation Technologies, LEDs, Lighting, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Rapid Prototyping & Tooling, Medical, Automation, Robotics, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement, Transportation
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Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, WA, has been operated by Battelle and its predecessors since the lab’s inception in 1965. For more than 50 years, PNNL has advanced the frontiers of science and engineering, making fundamental scientific discoveries and solving problems in energy, the environment, and national security.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Defense, Energy, Energy Storage, Green Design & Manufacturing, Remediation Technologies, Displays/Monitors/HMIs, Imaging, Composites, Materials, Plastics, Implants & Prosthetics, Medical, Research Lab, Robotics, Detectors, Sensors
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2017 Create the Future Design Contest: Grand Prize Winner

Hi-Light - Solar Thermal Chemical Reactor Technology for Converting CO2 to Hydrocarbons

Xiangkun (Elvis) Cao, Jessica Akemi Cimada da Silva, David Erickson, and Tobias Hanrath,
Cornell University;
Jason Salfiand and Clayton Poppe,
Dimensional EnergyIthaca, NY

The extraction and consumption of fossil carbon to run our daily lives accounts for more than 6 billion metric tons of CO2 emissions each year; driving climate change. Creating high-value products from CO2 can be achieved using energy from all parts of the solar spectrum to photocatalytically produce liquid hydrocarbons at high temperatures, making CO2 capture and conversion economical.

Posted in: Articles, Energy, Energy Storage, Greenhouse Gases, Recycling Technologies, Remediation Technologies
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2017 Create the Future Design Contest: Sustainable Technologies Category Winner

Energy Saving Filter for Removal of Heavy Metals from Water

Volodymyr Khranovskyy, R. Yakimova, Ivan Shtepliuk, P. Lima de Carvalho, and A. Pinto
Talent Molecule LDA
Braga, Portugal

Pollution by heavy metals (HMs) is a crucial environmental issue. With the modern growth of chemical, mining, energy, tanning, and dye industries, residual HMs — such as Hg, Pb, Cd, Cr and others — are discharged into the ambient air. These toxic contaminants end up in potable water. Since they are invisible and tasteless to humans, they bio-accumulate in organisms, causing chronic diseases and death around the world.

Posted in: Articles, Products, Recycling Technologies, Fluid Handling
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Process Produces Renewable Car Tires from Trees and Grasses

A team of researchers has invented a new technology to produce automobile tires from trees and grasses. Conventional car tires are viewed as environmentally unfriendly because they are predominantly made from fossil fuels. The car tires produced from biomass that includes trees and grasses would be identical to existing car tires, with the same chemical makeup, color, shape, and performance.

Posted in: Briefs, Green Design & Manufacturing, Tires and traction, Environmental technologies, Biological sciences, Manufacturing processes, Chemicals
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