Imaging

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on imaging, from engineering experts at NASA and major government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Transparent, Self-Healing Electronic Skin

Scientists have taken inspiration from underwater invertebrates like jellyfish to create an electronic skin with similar functionality. Like a jellyfish, the electronic skin is transparent, stretchable, touch-sensitive, and self-healing in aquatic environments.

Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Polarization Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Scene Analysis
Polarization Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Scene Analysis

Along with intensity and color, polarization is a property of light that can provide useful information for scene analysis; however, the human eye and most cameras cannot detect...

Polarization Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Scene Analysis
Briefs : Imaging
The Teletenna — a Hybrid Telescope Antenna System
The Teletenna — a Hybrid Telescope Antenna System

Innovators at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have developed a hybrid telescope antenna system — Teletenna — to deliver high-data-rate communication over great distances. Teletenna has...

The Teletenna — a Hybrid Telescope Antenna System
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Using Common WiFi to Detect Weapons, Bombs, and Chemicals in Bags
Using Common WiFi to Detect Weapons, Bombs, and Chemicals in Bags

Ordinary WiFi can easily detect weapons, bombs, and explosive chemicals in bags at museums, stadiums, theme parks, schools, and other public venues using a low-cost suspicious...

Using Common WiFi to Detect Weapons, Bombs, and Chemicals in Bags
Briefs : Data Acquisition
Virtual Test Laboratory
Virtual Test Laboratory

The mechanical properties of sheet metal materials are directional. Their deformation behavior and their strength differ significantly depending on the viewing direction; for example, in the direction of rolling, or...

Virtual Test Laboratory
Briefs : Lighting
Text Tech: Navy Vessels Use Shipboard Signal Lamps for Text Messaging
Text Tech: Navy Vessels Use Shipboard Signal Lamps for Text Messaging

Sponsored by the Office of Naval Research's (ONR) TechSolutions program, the Flashing Light to Text Converter (FLTC) features a camera that can be mounted atop a signal...

Text Tech: Navy Vessels Use Shipboard Signal Lamps for Text Messaging
Briefs : Test & Measurement
New Fast, Economical Bioimaging Technique
New Fast, Economical Bioimaging Technique

Researchers at Rensselaer Poytechnic Institute (RPI) have developed a new approach to optical imaging that makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a...

New Fast, Economical Bioimaging Technique
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Researchers Combine Metalens With an Artificial Muscle
Researchers Combine Metalens With an Artificial Muscle

Inspired by the human eye, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed an adaptive metalens that is essentially a flat,...

Researchers Combine Metalens With an Artificial Muscle
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Efficient Security for Cloud-Based Machine Learning
Efficient Security for Cloud-Based Machine Learning

Outsourcing machine learning is a rising trend in industry. Major tech firms have launched cloud platforms that conduct computation-heavy tasks, such as running data through a convolutional...

Efficient Security for Cloud-Based Machine Learning
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Optimal Computational Vision Pipeline (OCVP)

Optimal Computational Vision Pipeline (OCVP) software uses a novel algorithm that allows overlapping point clouds obtained from sensors with displaced position and orientation to be fused together in a common coordinate system with a rigorously linear solution for position and orientation parameters;...

Briefs : Medical
Using Inkjet Printers to Build a New Biosensor for Less Invasive Breast Cancer Detection
Using Inkjet Printers to Build a New Biosensor for Less Invasive Breast Cancer Detection

Researchers at the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NBIB) have created a novel, low-cost biosensor to detect Human Epidermal...

Using Inkjet Printers to Build a New Biosensor for Less Invasive Breast Cancer Detection
Briefs : Energy
Individual Quantum Dots Imaged in 3-D for the First Time
Individual Quantum Dots Imaged in 3-D for the First Time

Researchers have developed an imaging technique that uses a tiny, super sharp needle to nudge a single nanoparticle into different orientations and capture 2-D images to help...

Individual Quantum Dots Imaged in 3-D for the First Time
Briefs : Semiconductors & ICs
X-Ray Study of Low-Density Materials
X-Ray Study of Low-Density Materials

It's hard to get an X-ray image of low-density material like tissue between bones because X-rays just pass right through like sunlight through a window. Sandia studies myriads of low-density materials,...

X-Ray Study of Low-Density Materials
Briefs : Imaging
Precision Low-Speed Motor Controller

Innovators at NASA Johnson Space Center have developed a method for controlling precise motion of a brushless DC (BLDC) motor using relatively inexpensive components. Precision motors are usually quite expensive and inefficient when operating at slow speeds. Current motors are only capable of operating at...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Artificial Intelligence Device Identifies Objects at the Speed of Light
Artificial Intelligence Device Identifies Objects at the Speed of Light

Numerous devices in everyday life use computerized cameras to identify objects — think of automated teller machines that can “read” handwritten dollar amounts when...

Artificial Intelligence Device Identifies Objects at the Speed of Light
Briefs : Imaging
Decoding Multiple Frames From a Single Scattered Exposure
Decoding Multiple Frames From a Single Scattered Exposure

Engineers at Duke University have developed a way to extract a sequence of images from light scattered through a mostly opaque material — or even off a wall — from one long...

Decoding Multiple Frames From a Single Scattered Exposure
Briefs : Imaging
New X-Ray Scanning Method Reveals How Particles Move in Solution
New X-Ray Scanning Method Reveals How Particles Move in Solution

A new method of X-ray scanning will allow for the visualization of many more biological molecules, providing critical information about what is inside molecules to scientists...

New X-Ray Scanning Method Reveals How Particles Move in Solution
Briefs : Imaging
Computer Detects and Understands Body Language
Computer Detects and Understands Body Language

Detecting the nuances of nonverbal communication between individuals will allow robots to serve in social spaces, enabling them to perceive what people around them are doing, what moods they are...

Computer Detects and Understands Body Language
Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Large-Scale Robotic Inkjet Printing System
Large-Scale Robotic Inkjet Printing System

Painting of surfaces having numerous facets and/or curved surfaces is a time-consuming process that requires the application of several coats (layers) of paint. Such surfaces are often found on...

Large-Scale Robotic Inkjet Printing System
Briefs : Imaging
Modular Cross-Platform System Gives High-Speed Pilots Better Visual Aids
Modular Cross-Platform System Gives High-Speed Pilots Better Visual Aids

The ability to fly at supersonic speed without producing unsettling sonic booms would re-open a path to faster commercial aviation. In pursuit of aerodynamics that...

Modular Cross-Platform System Gives High-Speed Pilots Better Visual Aids
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Imaging System Makes Back Surgery Safer, Faster, Less Expensive
Imaging System Makes Back Surgery Safer, Faster, Less Expensive

Researchers at Dartmouth have found a way to make back surgery safer, faster, and more cost effective. MRIs and CT scans can help surgeons identify spine problems such as...

Imaging System Makes Back Surgery Safer, Faster, Less Expensive
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Ultra-Thin “Meta-Lens” Enables Full-Color Imaging
Ultra-Thin “Meta-Lens” Enables Full-Color Imaging

Light of different colors travels at different speeds in different materials and structures. This is why we see white light split into its constituent colors after refracting through a...

Ultra-Thin “Meta-Lens” Enables Full-Color Imaging
Briefs : Medical
Imaging Technique Detects Skin Cancer Without Invasive Biopsy
Imaging Technique Detects Skin Cancer Without Invasive Biopsy

Researchers funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) have developed a non-invasive imaging technique that accurately detects skin cancer...

Imaging Technique Detects Skin Cancer Without Invasive Biopsy
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Enhanced X-Ray Imaging Determines Molecular Structure
Enhanced X-Ray Imaging Determines Molecular Structure

For more than 100 years, X-rays have been used in crystallography to determine the structure of molecules. At the heart of the method are the principles of diffraction and superposition,...

Enhanced X-Ray Imaging Determines Molecular Structure
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Microscopy Technique Works at Extreme Heat
Microscopy Technique Works at Extreme Heat

A stainless steel alloy — alloy 709 — has potential for elevated-temperature applications such as nuclear reactor structures. It is exceptionally strong and resistant to damage when exposed to...

Microscopy Technique Works at Extreme Heat
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Computed Tomography Inspection Applications in Additive Manufacturing
Computed Tomography Inspection Applications in Additive Manufacturing

The ability of additive manufacturing to manage small volumes, create complex designs, and fabricate lightweight but strong structures makes it a natural fit for aerospace...

Computed Tomography Inspection Applications in Additive Manufacturing
Briefs : Medical
Compact Device for Detecting Rheumatoid Arthritis
Compact Device for Detecting Rheumatoid Arthritis

A device that shows the difference between healthy fingers and arthritic fingers has been developed that combines ultrasound and photoacoustics medical imaging techniques. Combining these...

Compact Device for Detecting Rheumatoid Arthritis
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Method and Means to Analyze Thermographic Data Acquired During Automated Fiber Placement
Method and Means to Analyze Thermographic Data Acquired During Automated Fiber Placement

Automated Fiber Placement (AFP) machines can be susceptible to tow-tape defects such as gaps and overlaps. These can reduce strength between 7% and 32%....

Method and Means to Analyze Thermographic Data Acquired During Automated Fiber Placement
Briefs : Semiconductors & ICs
Sensor Combination Detects People by Smell
Sensor Combination Detects People by Smell

Trained rescue dogs are the best disaster workers — their sensitive noses help them track down people buried by earthquakes or avalanches. But dogs need breaks. A new measuring device is always...

Sensor Combination Detects People by Smell
Briefs : Materials
Compound-Lens Camera for Industry and Smartphones
Compound-Lens Camera for Industry and Smartphones

A process has been developed that enables the production of a 2-mm flat camera. The lens is partitioned into 135 tiny facets, similar to the eyes of an insect. The facetVISION camera is...

Compound-Lens Camera for Industry and Smartphones