Imaging

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on imaging, from engineering experts at NASA and major government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Stories

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
3D Printable Sensors Disposed of Without Contaminating the Environment
3D Printable Sensors Disposed of Without Contaminating the Environment

Simon Fraser University and Swiss researchers are developing an eco-friendly, 3D printable solution for producing wireless Internet-of-Things (IoT) sensors that can be...

3D Printable Sensors Disposed of Without Contaminating the Environment
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Self-Powered, Washable, Wearable Displays

Clothing usually is formed with textiles and has to be both wearable and washable for daily use; however, smart clothing has had a problem with its power sources and moisture permeability, which causes the devices to malfunction. To solve this problem, a textile-based, wearable display module technology...

Briefs : Imaging
Stretchable, Rubbery Semiconductors
Stretchable, Rubbery Semiconductors

Researchers have created stretchable, rubbery semiconductors including rubbery integrated electronics, logic circuits, and arrayed sensory skins fully based on rubber materials. The semiconductors have...

Stretchable, Rubbery Semiconductors
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
In-Situ Characterization and Inspection of Additive Manufacturing Deposits Using Transient Infrared Thermography
In-Situ Characterization and Inspection of Additive Manufacturing Deposits Using Transient Infrared Thermography

Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, is a rapidly growing field in which solid objects can be produced layer-by-layer. This...

In-Situ Characterization and Inspection of Additive Manufacturing Deposits Using Transient Infrared Thermography
Briefs : Transportation
Coating Prevents Fogging on Transparent Surfaces
Coating Prevents Fogging on Transparent Surfaces

Anyone who skis, wears glasses, uses a camera, or drives a car is familiar with the problem: Coming into a humid environment from the cold causes eyewear, camera lenses, or windshields to...

Coating Prevents Fogging on Transparent Surfaces
Briefs : Imaging
Novel Techniques Trick Object Detection Systems
Novel Techniques Trick Object Detection Systems

New adversarial techniques developed by engineers at Southwest Research Institute can make objects “invisible” to image detection systems that use deep-learning algorithms. These techniques...

Novel Techniques Trick Object Detection Systems
Briefs : Lighting
Detect Ultra Rare Proteins in Blood Using a Cellphone Camera
Detect Ultra Rare Proteins in Blood Using a Cellphone Camera

One of the frontiers of medical diagnostics is the race for more sensitive blood tests. The ability to detect extremely rare proteins could make a life-saving difference for many...

Detect Ultra Rare Proteins in Blood Using a Cellphone Camera
Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
3D Printer Uses Rays of Light to Shape Objects
3D Printer Uses Rays of Light to Shape Objects

Most 3D printers, including light-based techniques, build up 3D objects layer by layer. This leads to a “stair-step” effect along the edges. They also have difficulties creating flexible...

3D Printer Uses Rays of Light to Shape Objects
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Fast and Accurate Simulation of Manufactured Parts with Defects
Fast and Accurate Simulation of Manufactured Parts with Defects

Unwanted porosity is typical to many manufacturing processes — from traditional casting to additive manufacturing (3D printing) — and is difficult to avoid entirely....

Fast and Accurate Simulation of Manufactured Parts with Defects
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Method Shrinks Objects to the Nanoscale
Method Shrinks Objects to the Nanoscale

Existing techniques for creating nano-structures are limited in what they can accomplish. Etching patterns onto a surface with light can produce 2D nano-structures but doesn’t work for 3D structures....

Method Shrinks Objects to the Nanoscale
Briefs : Medical
Pocket-Sized Imaging Device Improves Accuracy Of Epidural Placement
Pocket-Sized Imaging Device Improves Accuracy Of Epidural Placement

A team of bioengineers supported through a Small Business Innovation Research grant from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) has...

Pocket-Sized Imaging Device Improves Accuracy Of Epidural Placement
Briefs : Imaging
Tiny Optical Elements Could One Day Replace Traditional Refractive Lenses
Tiny Optical Elements Could One Day Replace Traditional Refractive Lenses

A Northwestern University research team has developed tiny optical elements from metal nanoparticles and a polymer that one day could replace traditional refractive...

Tiny Optical Elements Could One Day Replace Traditional Refractive Lenses
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Researchers Create Smartphone System to Test for Lead in Water
Researchers Create Smartphone System to Test for Lead in Water

Researchers at the University of Houston have created an inexpensive system that can detect lead in tap water at levels commonly accepted as dangerous, using a lens made with an...

Researchers Create Smartphone System to Test for Lead in Water
Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Bendable Electronic Paper Displays a Range of Colors
Bendable Electronic Paper Displays a Range of Colors

The combination of conductive polymers on nanostructures was demonstrated as suited to creating electronic displays as thin as paper. The “paper” is similar to the Kindle tablet. It...

Bendable Electronic Paper Displays a Range of Colors
Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Transparent, Self-Healing Electronic Skin

Scientists have taken inspiration from underwater invertebrates like jellyfish to create an electronic skin with similar functionality. Like a jellyfish, the electronic skin is transparent, stretchable, touch-sensitive, and self-healing in aquatic environments.

Briefs : Materials
Polarization Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Scene Analysis
Polarization Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Scene Analysis

Along with intensity and color, polarization is a property of light that can provide useful information for scene analysis; however, the human eye and most cameras cannot detect...

Polarization Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Scene Analysis
Briefs : Imaging
The Teletenna — a Hybrid Telescope Antenna System
The Teletenna — a Hybrid Telescope Antenna System

Innovators at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have developed a hybrid telescope antenna system — Teletenna — to deliver high-data-rate communication over great distances. Teletenna has...

The Teletenna — a Hybrid Telescope Antenna System
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Using Common WiFi to Detect Weapons, Bombs, and Chemicals in Bags
Using Common WiFi to Detect Weapons, Bombs, and Chemicals in Bags

Ordinary WiFi can easily detect weapons, bombs, and explosive chemicals in bags at museums, stadiums, theme parks, schools, and other public venues using a low-cost suspicious...

Using Common WiFi to Detect Weapons, Bombs, and Chemicals in Bags
Briefs : Data Acquisition
Virtual Test Laboratory
Virtual Test Laboratory

The mechanical properties of sheet metal materials are directional. Their deformation behavior and their strength differ significantly depending on the viewing direction; for example, in the direction of rolling, or...

Virtual Test Laboratory
Briefs : Lighting
Text Tech: Navy Vessels Use Shipboard Signal Lamps for Text Messaging
Text Tech: Navy Vessels Use Shipboard Signal Lamps for Text Messaging

Sponsored by the Office of Naval Research's (ONR) TechSolutions program, the Flashing Light to Text Converter (FLTC) features a camera that can be mounted atop a signal...

Text Tech: Navy Vessels Use Shipboard Signal Lamps for Text Messaging
Briefs : Test & Measurement
New Fast, Economical Bioimaging Technique
New Fast, Economical Bioimaging Technique

Researchers at Rensselaer Poytechnic Institute (RPI) have developed a new approach to optical imaging that makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a...

New Fast, Economical Bioimaging Technique
Briefs : Imaging
Researchers Combine Metalens With an Artificial Muscle
Researchers Combine Metalens With an Artificial Muscle

Inspired by the human eye, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed an adaptive metalens that is essentially a flat,...

Researchers Combine Metalens With an Artificial Muscle
Briefs : Data Acquisition
Efficient Security for Cloud-Based Machine Learning
Efficient Security for Cloud-Based Machine Learning

Outsourcing machine learning is a rising trend in industry. Major tech firms have launched cloud platforms that conduct computation-heavy tasks, such as running data through a convolutional...

Efficient Security for Cloud-Based Machine Learning
Briefs : Imaging
Optimal Computational Vision Pipeline (OCVP)

Optimal Computational Vision Pipeline (OCVP) software uses a novel algorithm that allows overlapping point clouds obtained from sensors with displaced position and orientation to be fused together in a common coordinate system with a rigorously linear solution for position and orientation parameters;...

Briefs : Medical
Using Inkjet Printers to Build a New Biosensor for Less Invasive Breast Cancer Detection
Using Inkjet Printers to Build a New Biosensor for Less Invasive Breast Cancer Detection

Researchers at the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NBIB) have created a novel, low-cost biosensor to detect Human Epidermal...

Using Inkjet Printers to Build a New Biosensor for Less Invasive Breast Cancer Detection
Briefs : Nanotechnology
Individual Quantum Dots Imaged in 3-D for the First Time
Individual Quantum Dots Imaged in 3-D for the First Time

Researchers have developed an imaging technique that uses a tiny, super sharp needle to nudge a single nanoparticle into different orientations and capture 2-D images to help...

Individual Quantum Dots Imaged in 3-D for the First Time
Briefs : Medical
X-Ray Study of Low-Density Materials
X-Ray Study of Low-Density Materials

It's hard to get an X-ray image of low-density material like tissue between bones because X-rays just pass right through like sunlight through a window. Sandia studies myriads of low-density materials,...

X-Ray Study of Low-Density Materials
Briefs : Aerospace
Precision Low-Speed Motor Controller

Innovators at NASA Johnson Space Center have developed a method for controlling precise motion of a brushless DC (BLDC) motor using relatively inexpensive components. Precision motors are usually quite expensive and inefficient when operating at slow speeds. Current motors are only capable of operating at...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Artificial Intelligence Device Identifies Objects at the Speed of Light
Artificial Intelligence Device Identifies Objects at the Speed of Light

Numerous devices in everyday life use computerized cameras to identify objects — think of automated teller machines that can “read” handwritten dollar amounts when...

Artificial Intelligence Device Identifies Objects at the Speed of Light
Briefs : Medical
Decoding Multiple Frames From a Single Scattered Exposure
Decoding Multiple Frames From a Single Scattered Exposure

Engineers at Duke University have developed a way to extract a sequence of images from light scattered through a mostly opaque material — or even off a wall — from one long...

Decoding Multiple Frames From a Single Scattered Exposure
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