Imaging

Access our comprehensive library of technical briefs on imaging, from engineering experts at NASA and major government, university, and commercial laboratories.

Briefs : Imaging
Enhanced X-Ray Imaging Determines Molecular Structure
Enhanced X-Ray Imaging Determines Molecular Structure

For more than 100 years, X-rays have been used in crystallography to determine the structure of molecules. At the heart of the method are the principles of diffraction and superposition,...

Enhanced X-Ray Imaging Determines Molecular Structure
Briefs : Materials
Microscopy Technique Works at Extreme Heat
Microscopy Technique Works at Extreme Heat

A stainless steel alloy — alloy 709 — has potential for elevated-temperature applications such as nuclear reactor structures. It is exceptionally strong and resistant to damage when exposed to...

Microscopy Technique Works at Extreme Heat
Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Computed Tomography Inspection Applications in Additive Manufacturing
Computed Tomography Inspection Applications in Additive Manufacturing

The ability of additive manufacturing to manage small volumes, create complex designs, and fabricate lightweight but strong structures makes it a natural fit for aerospace...

Computed Tomography Inspection Applications in Additive Manufacturing
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Compact Device for Detecting Rheumatoid Arthritis
Compact Device for Detecting Rheumatoid Arthritis

A device that shows the difference between healthy fingers and arthritic fingers has been developed that combines ultrasound and photoacoustics medical imaging techniques. Combining these...

Compact Device for Detecting Rheumatoid Arthritis
Briefs : Imaging
Method and Means to Analyze Thermographic Data Acquired During Automated Fiber Placement
Method and Means to Analyze Thermographic Data Acquired During Automated Fiber Placement

Automated Fiber Placement (AFP) machines can be susceptible to tow-tape defects such as gaps and overlaps. These can reduce strength between 7% and 32%....

Method and Means to Analyze Thermographic Data Acquired During Automated Fiber Placement
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensor Combination Detects People by Smell
Sensor Combination Detects People by Smell

Trained rescue dogs are the best disaster workers — their sensitive noses help them track down people buried by earthquakes or avalanches. But dogs need breaks. A new measuring device is always...

Sensor Combination Detects People by Smell
Briefs : Robotics, Automation & Control
Compound-Lens Camera for Industry and Smartphones
Compound-Lens Camera for Industry and Smartphones

A process has been developed that enables the production of a 2-mm flat camera. The lens is partitioned into 135 tiny facets, similar to the eyes of an insect. The facetVISION camera is...

Compound-Lens Camera for Industry and Smartphones
Briefs : Imaging
Blue-Light Imaging Sees Through Fire
Blue-Light Imaging Sees Through Fire

A blue-light imaging method was developed that can be used to obtain visual data from large test fires where high temperatures could disable or destroy conventional electrical and mechanical sensors. The...

Blue-Light Imaging Sees Through Fire
Briefs : Data Acquisition
Low-Light Night Vision Imaging and Video Capture

Conventional night vision goggles all use image intensification (I2) tube technology that multiplies ambient, visible, and near-infrared light several thousands of times, allowing a user to see and operate in very-low-light conditions. One shortcoming of I2 tube night vision devices is that they...

Briefs : Medical
Algorithm Enables Faster Analysis of Medical Images
Algorithm Enables Faster Analysis of Medical Images

Medical image registration is a common technique that involves overlaying two images, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, to compare and analyze anatomical differences in great...

Algorithm Enables Faster Analysis of Medical Images
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Active Pointing Monitor for a 2-Axis Optical Control System

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center has developed a pointing measurement detection and control system that monitors the real-time optical axis motions (such as tip and tilt) that affect image quality in aerial platforms. To date, there is no known real-time optical image alignment and...

Briefs : Imaging
Super-Resolution Image Reconstruction (SRIR)
Super-Resolution Image Reconstruction (SRIR)

Many low-cost sensors (or cameras) may spatially or electronically under-sample an image. Similarly, cameras taking pictures from great distances, such as aerial photos, may not obtain detailed...

Super-Resolution Image Reconstruction (SRIR)
Briefs : Medical
Retinal Prosthesis Stimulates Nerve Cells
Retinal Prosthesis Stimulates Nerve Cells

Fabricated using inexpensive and widely available organic pigments used in printing inks and cosmetics, an artificial retina was developed that consists of tiny pixels like a digital camera sensor on...

Retinal Prosthesis Stimulates Nerve Cells
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Ultra-Thin Camera Creates Images Without Lenses
Ultra-Thin Camera Creates Images Without Lenses

Traditional cameras — even those on the thinnest cellphones — cannot be truly flat due to their optics. The lenses require a certain shape and size in order to function. A new camera design...

Ultra-Thin Camera Creates Images Without Lenses
Briefs : Aerospace
Next-Generation Photodetector Camera to Deploy During Robotic Servicing Demonstration Mission
Next-Generation Photodetector Camera to Deploy During Robotic Servicing Demonstration Mission

An advanced, highly compact thermal camera that traces its heritage to one now flying on NASA's Landsat 8 has been mounted in a corner of NASA's...

Next-Generation Photodetector Camera to Deploy During Robotic Servicing Demonstration Mission
News : Photonics/Optics
New Camera Gives Surgeons a Butterfly's-Eye View of Cancer
New Camera Gives Surgeons a Butterfly's-Eye View of Cancer

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Washington University in St. Louis have developed a surgical camera inspired by the eye of the morpho butterfly. The...

New Camera Gives Surgeons a Butterfly's-Eye View of Cancer
Briefs : Imaging
Shrimp-Inspired Camera May Enable Underwater Navigation
Shrimp-Inspired Camera May Enable Underwater Navigation

The underwater environment may appear to the human eye as a dull-blue, featureless space. However, a vast landscape of polarization patterns appear when viewed through a camera that is...

Shrimp-Inspired Camera May Enable Underwater Navigation
Briefs : Imaging
Novel Optics for Ultrafast Cameras Create New Possibilities for Imaging
Novel Optics for Ultrafast Cameras Create New Possibilities for Imaging

MIT researchers have developed novel photography optics that capture images based on the timing of reflecting light inside the optics instead of the traditional approach...

Novel Optics for Ultrafast Cameras Create New Possibilities for Imaging
Briefs : Imaging
Method Enables Electronic Components to be Printed Like Newspapers
Method Enables Electronic Components to be Printed Like Newspapers

Cellphones, laptops, tablets, and many other electronics rely on their internal metallic circuits to process information at high speed. Current metal fabrication techniques...

Method Enables Electronic Components to be Printed Like Newspapers
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
On-Chip Optical Filter Processes Wide Range of Light Wavelengths
On-Chip Optical Filter Processes Wide Range of Light Wavelengths

MIT researchers have designed an optical filter on a chip that can process optical signals from across an extremely wide spectrum of light at once, something never before...

On-Chip Optical Filter Processes Wide Range of Light Wavelengths
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Conformal Metasurface Coating Eliminates Crosstalk and Shrinks Waveguides
Conformal Metasurface Coating Eliminates Crosstalk and Shrinks Waveguides

Researchers have developed a method to simultaneously control diverse optical properties of dielectric waveguides by using a two-layer coating, each layer with a...

Conformal Metasurface Coating Eliminates Crosstalk and Shrinks Waveguides
Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Generating Light-Induced Electrical Current in Atomically Thin Nanomaterials
Generating Light-Induced Electrical Current in Atomically Thin Nanomaterials

When hit with light, semiconductors (materials that have an electrical resistance in between that of metals and insulators) generate an electric current....

Generating Light-Induced Electrical Current in Atomically Thin Nanomaterials
Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Piezoelectric Thrust Vector Control for Hall Effect Thruster

The design of the CubeSat required precision pointing of the thrust vector through the spacecraft center of gravity to minimize fuel usage for attitude correction. Because the center of gravity shifts over the course of the mission, a means of adjusting the thrust vector was needed....

Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Deep Learning Transforms Smartphone Microscopes into Laboratory-Grade Devices
Deep Learning Transforms Smartphone Microscopes into Laboratory-Grade Devices

Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance...

Deep Learning Transforms Smartphone Microscopes into Laboratory-Grade Devices
Briefs : Green Design & Manufacturing
Nano/Micro Mechanical Environmental Test Cell
Nano/Micro Mechanical Environmental Test Cell

A device and method have been developed to conduct compression and tensile tests on soft materials such as flocculated sediments, biopolymers, biological materials, and food stuffs. The device...

Nano/Micro Mechanical Environmental Test Cell
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Microtesting Rig
Microtesting Rig

The measurement of mechanical behavior in very small samples whose dimensions are on the order of microns and below can offer advantages over conventional macroscopic testing in many instances. Motivations for investigating...

Microtesting Rig
Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Artificial Intelligence Senses People Through Walls
Artificial Intelligence Senses People Through Walls

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been used to teach wireless devices to sense people's postures and movement, even from the other side of a wall. RF-Pose uses a neural network to analyze...

Artificial Intelligence Senses People Through Walls
Briefs : Electronics & Computers
COSMIC Impact: Next-Gen X-Ray Microscopy Platform
COSMIC Impact: Next-Gen X-Ray Microscopy Platform

A next-generation X-ray beamline now operating at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) brings together a unique set of capabilities to measure the...

COSMIC Impact: Next-Gen X-Ray Microscopy Platform
Briefs : Imaging
A Paper-Like LCD — Thin, Flexible, Tough, and Cheap
A Paper-Like LCD — Thin, Flexible, Tough, and Cheap

Optoelectronic engineers in China and Hong Kong have manufactured a special type of liquid crystal display (LCD) that is paper-thin, flexible, light, and tough. With this, a daily...

A Paper-Like LCD — Thin, Flexible, Tough, and Cheap
Briefs : Robotics, Automation & Control
Autonomous Crop-Counting Robot
Autonomous Crop-Counting Robot

Today's crop breeders are trying to boost yields while preparing plants to withstand severe weather and changing climates. To succeed, they must locate the genes for high-yielding, hardy traits in crop...

Autonomous Crop-Counting Robot
Question of the Week
Does Snow Have Power Potential?

Webcasts

Upcoming Webinars: Manufacturing & Prototyping

A Deep Dive into Metal 3D Printing

Upcoming Webinars: Test & Measurement

Solving Complex Measurement Problems with PXI

Upcoming Webinars: Photonics/Optics

NASA Discusses Advances in Photonics for Space and Commercial...

Upcoming Webinars: Robotics, Automation & Control

Using Portable Scenarios and Coverage Metrics to Ensure...

Upcoming Webinars: Robotics, Automation & Control

Impact of Autonomous and Electric Vehicles in New Product...

Upcoming Webinars: Sensors/Data Acquisition

Autonomous Vehicles Sensors: How to Ensure They Work Well and...